During their respective building eras, the Empire State Building and Chicago's Sears Tower both recorded just five deaths. The Suez Canal was one of the most dangerous constructions. Its construction resulted in the deaths of 120,000 paid and conscripted laborers over a decade in the mid-1800s.
The Panama Canal is the second most deadly structure on record. It is estimated that 20,000 people died while working on the canal between 1884 and 1964. About two-thirds of these deaths were due to disease; the other one-third were work-related.
The Brooklyn Bridge is the third most deadly structure on record. It is estimated that 730 people have died while crossing the bridge since it opened in 1883. Most of these deaths were due to traffic accidents. There were also four fatal cases of "strange illness" after they had been exposed to dust from construction sites.
In addition to these landmarks, the Great Wall of China is considered a death trap for its large numbers of people who have fallen to their deaths while trying to climb it. The wall is made of brick and stone and stretches for more than 6,000 miles (9,600 kilometers) from north to south. It was built by various dynasties over a period of several hundred years and remains largely unguarded today.
The Empire State Building, which had five deaths among its 3,400 employees during construction; the World Trade Center building in the 1970s, which had 60 construction worker deaths; the Sears Tower, which had five worker deaths in two instances; and Las Vegas' CityCenter.
All these buildings are skyscrapers, which means that they're very high. And like any other human construction, some people will die during their creation. The number may not seem large, but since most buildings aren't fully completed, this list includes only those cases where more than one person died.
If you look up "death during construction" in Wikipedia, you will find a list with almost all famous buildings and their death toll. It is estimated that between 50 and 100 million people have been killed by buildings worldwide since modern building techniques were developed in the 19th century.
The highest number of deaths on one site was at the World Trade Center complex in New York, where 2,965 people lost their lives. The largest single loss of life during construction of a single building occurred in 1910 when 712 people died during the construction of the Rockefeller Center in Manhattan.
There were five fatalities. Five people were killed in the collapse of the Empire State Building. Although it is said that hundreds perished during construction, official records show that five employees died as a result of slip and fall incidents or being struck by large materials. The fifth death was attributed to pneumonia.
The Empire State Building was under construction when it collapsed on February 21, 1931. This huge skyscraper was going to be the world's tallest building when it was completed. It took more than three years to build the Empire State Building, which at the time was a record for speed of construction. The building had an estimated cost of $40 million ($250 million in 2007 dollars).
When it collapsed, it left 38 people dead, including five members of one family who were visiting New York from their home in Pennsylvania. Over 100 others were injured.
In addition to the five construction deaths, two police officers were killed while trying to rescue people trapped in the building. One officer died at the scene and another after he was taken to hospital.
Previous to the Empire State Building, the highest-rise building in New York was the Singer Tower, which was completed in 1909. Its roof was only 120 feet (37 m) above the sidewalk but it was already considered tall at the time.