Donatello was a legendary Florentine sculptor. He spent most of his time in Florence, although he also visited Rome, Padua, and Siena. His best-known works include the David for the Cathedral of San Dino in Florence.
Donatello was born about 1360 and died in April 1466, so he lived mostly during the Renaissance period. However, there are drawings that show him working before this time as well as after it.
He trained with the painter Fiorentino da Vinci, who was an important influence on Donatello's work. After Fiorentino's death in 1499, Donatello continued to develop his own style, which combined humanistic ideals with medieval traditions. Donatello is considered one of the founders of modern sculpture because of his innovative approach to art.
Donatello created more than 300 sculptures in his lifetime, but only about 50 survive today. The majority of these can be found in churches around Italy, especially in Tuscany. But some sculptures are also housed in museums worldwide, such as the original David in the Museo del Duomo in Florence.
Donatello used bronze, marble, and wood as his main materials.
Donatello was an Italian sculptor who worked mostly in the fifteenth century, pioneering various sculptural methods and producing some of the most iconic works in art history. The main theme of his work was human anatomy, which he studied by dissection and by looking at corpses hanging in public places. Donatello's understanding of human anatomy led to some remarkable achievements in sculpture.
He was born around 1363 or 1364 probably in Florence, then part of the Kingdom of Italy. Little is known about his childhood or family, but according to popular lore his father was a goldsmith and his mother was a wool merchant. He had at least one brother named Nardo, who became a successful painter like their uncle Antonio.
At an early age he showed an interest in art, and when he was only 12 years old he made a clay statue of a boy that was praised by artists and critics alike. This event shows that he had already developed a good sense of aesthetics even at a very young age.
In 1390 he entered the workshop of Andrea Pisano, one of Florence's most important sculptors, where he learned new techniques and ideas about sculpture.
Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi (1386–1466), also known as Donatello, was a Florentine sculptor and early Renaissance artist. He was a master craftsman who worked in stone, metal, wood, terracotta, and bronze. His works include some of the most famous sculptures in museums around the world.
Donatello was one of the earliest artists to use marble as a medium for sculpture. He made several versions of "David," which is now in the British Museum. This image of David with the giant ball and spear is considered one of Donatello's best works. Donatello also designed armor for soldiers like Giovanni de' Medici for Florence's military campaigns against Pisa and Urbino. Donatello died in Florence at the age of 85.
He is regarded as one of the most important sculptors of his time. Donatello taught sculpture at the University of Florence from 1420 until his death. His students included his son Nardo and Giambologna.
Donatello's work has been influential on later artists such as Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci.
It is unknown how Donatello began his profession, although he most likely learnt stone carving from one of the sculptors working on Florence's cathedral (the Duomo) about 1440. Between 1404 and 1407, he worked at the studio of Lorenzo Ghiberti, a sculptor who had won the competition for the Baptistery doors in 1402. Ghiberti taught Donatello the art of painting, which later served him well.
Their collaboration resulted in two panels for the Great Doors of the Baptistery: one showing Jesus preaching to the people and the other Moses receiving the Ten Commandments from God on Mount Sinai. These are among the earliest documented examples of European paintings. Donatello also painted several scenes for the interior of the Cathedral, including one of Saint John the Baptist being baptized by Jesus himself!
After working with Ghiberti for about a year, Donatello went his own way. He started his own workshop making sculptures, mostly in bronze, but also in wood and marble. This allowed him to work on commissions that others could not accept because of price or size. For example, he made a life-size bronze statue of Gattamelata (a mercenary soldier who fought for both Venice and Milan) for the church of San Pietro in Montorio. This was taken down in 1797 when Napoleon's soldiers used it as a gun carriage!
Donatello died in 1466 at the age of 45.
Donatello, like other Florentine sculptors such as Lorenzo Ghiberti and Benvenuto Cellini, acquired his early creative instruction in a goldsmith's studio. When he entered in the renowned 1401 competition for the design of the Baptistery doors in Florence, he received his first significant attention as an artist. The original designs for the doors were destroyed during World War II, but copies still stand today.
After winning the competition, Donatello went on to create some of Italy's most iconic sculptures. He is particularly known for his bronze statues, which often include a human figure placed within a hollow shell or other object (such as a ball). These objects would have served as models for students to copy while learning how to use chisels and other tools to produce more realistic figures.
Donatello died at a young age in 1466, but his legacy lives on through many structures that he helped build over his lifetime. Today, many cities around the world have streets, buildings, and museums named after this talented man.
Donatello lived where? Donatello was born in the city of Florence, in the province of Tuscany, approximately 1386. He was educated in the local goldsmith's workshop and briefly by Lorenzo Ghiberti. He continued to live and work in Florence, but between 1404 and 1407, he spent time in Rome,...
He continued to live and work in Florence, but between 1404 and 1407, he spent time in Rome, where he probably learned about sculpture from some of the most important artists of its day. When he returned to Florence, he became one of the leading sculptors in Italy. His works can be seen all over Europe and America.
Donatello died in Florence on February 18, 1440. He was only 46 years old.
About 70 percent of Donatello's life was spent living in Florence. The other 30 percent he spent traveling around Europe working on commissions.
He had two children with his wife Niccola Piccardia: Goro and Paolo. Goro married a woman named Lucrezia Tornabuoni and had three children: Pietro, Antonio, and Leonardo da Vinci.
Donatello (1386–1466) was a sculptor who revolutionized art during the early Renaissance in Florence. Born Donato di Niccolo Bardi, he worked as an apprentice in Lorenzo Ghiberti's studio, assisting Ghiberti in the creation of the iconic bronze doors of Florence's Baptistry. When Ghiberti retired, Donatello went his own way and created many influential sculptures in his own right.
He is most famous for his marble David, which now stands outside the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. This sculpture marked a turning point from stone to metal casting for artists because it used mathematical proportions instead of visual cues like shadows or anatomical details like muscles to create its figures.
Donatello started his career working with Lorenzo Ghiberti on the doors of the Baptistry of Florence. These doors were made up of hundreds of pieces of bronze cast in one piece at a time and then fixed into place with wood and iron. They depict scenes from the Book of Genesis and were designed by Ghiberti and his colleagues. Donatello helped design many of these panels and also made some himself. He learned how to use mathematical formulas to achieve accurate measurements and perfect proportions when creating his sculptures.
After working with Ghiberti for several years, Donatello set out on his own. He created numerous works of religious art but also played a role in bringing ancient Roman statues back to life using gold and other materials available at that time.