It is one of the five surviving pyramids from the original eleven at Dahshur in Egypt. The pyramid, originally titled Amenemhet the Mighty, got the moniker "Black Pyramid" due to its gloomy, deteriorating look as a debris pile. The Black Pyramid was the first to accommodate both the pharaoh and his queens who had died. It is estimated that it was built around 1900 B.C. by King Amenemhat IV.
In addition to being black, the pyramid also is made of dark sandstone with traces of charcoal found inside it. It measures about 36 feet high and 48 feet wide at the base, making it approximately equal in size to the other pyramids at Dahshur. Amenemhat's wife Tiya is believed to have been buried next to him within the pyramid. Their son Prince Thutmose III later built his own pyramid next to theirs.
The location of the Black Pyramid was unknown to historians until 1881 when it was discovered by Italian archaeologists while digging near the Red Pyramid at Dahshur. Since then, it has become one of the most important archaeological finds in Egypt.
Amenhaf's tomb was opened in 1896-1898 by Ernesto Schiaparelli and Vasilij Pribysljevjčenko. They found many beautiful objects made of gold and silver along with the skeleton of Amenemhat's queen Tiy.
During Egypt's Middle Kingdom, King Amenemhat III (r. c. 1860 BC–c. 1814 BC) constructed the Black Pyramid (2055-1650 BC). It is estimated that it took 10,000 workers over five years to complete the pyramid.
The Black Pyramid is so called because it was originally painted black. It was later restored and painted red. Although this restoration has weathered over time, enough of the original paint remains to tell that it was once white or yellow with black decorations.
King Tutankhamun (r. 1332-1323 BC), famous for his death during his own burial ceremony, had two black pyramids built for him. One is known as the Great Pyramid and the other as the Little Pyramid. Both were completed in about three years, which makes them relatively fast building projects for their time. The Great Pyramid is larger than the Little Pyramid.
Toward the end of the Old Kingdom, some kings started to build their own pyramids instead of having them built for them. The first of these "self-made" pyramids was called the Step Pyramid because its base does not follow a perfect square but rather looks like several steps. It was built around 2,600 BC by King Djoser (r. 2670-2630 BC).
The Black Pyramid was named for the color of the mudbrick core revealed by the missing casing blocks, but it was known to the Ancient Egyptians as "Amenemhat the Mighty and Perfect"—a moniker that must have appeared more ridiculous as the monument began to fall soon after completion. Amenemhat III ordered the construction of the pyramid, which was designed by his chief architect, Ipuwer, and may have taken as many as 20 years to complete. The site is now in the city of Luxor.
The Black Pyramid was not intended to be dark gray or black, but rather a bright red-orange color. The mud used to build the structure was very coarse, so the outer walls bear marks from ancient tools, like flint knives, that were used to scrape away at them until they were level with the inner wall, where men then packed the mud again until it became hard enough for more scraping. This process was probably repeated several times before the final coat of dark blue-black paint was applied.
The interior of the pyramid was originally painted red, but over time this faded to a darker shade of orange. At some point after the original occupant(s) had left, their colors become symbolic representations of the four seasons. In the spring, the colors of the room were said to be those of youth, and in the summer, of vigor.
The Black Pyramid was erected during the Middle Kingdom of Egypt by King Amenemhat III (r. c. 1860 BC–c. 1814 BC). It is one of the best-preserved monuments from that period.
Amenemhat III was a king who united much of Upper Egypt under his rule. His reign marked the beginning of the New Empire era. The Black Pyramid was built for him by his chief architect, Imhotep. It is thought that Amenemhat may have been inspired to build such a monument after visiting the pyramids in Lower Egypt which contain the bodies of their kings. Although no traces of paintings or sculpture have been found on the interior of the pyramid, it is believed that it was painted red throughout its life with black pigment added later. The original purpose of the pyramid is not known; some think it might have been used as a burial place for Amenemhat III but this has not been confirmed by modern archaeologists.
The construction of the pyramid is said to have taken five years to complete. It is estimated that it contained about 20 million bricks and that it would today be worth more than $1 billion. Amenemhat III died while still young and before he had time to use the power of the office he had created for himself.
The Pyramids of Giza are well-known ancient Egyptian landmarks that continue to amaze people today.
The Egyptians constructed the pyramids. Although some believe that the Chinese did as well, this is not true.
In fact, no one knows who built the pyramids. Some researchers think that they were built by several different civilizations over a period of thousands of years. However, all agree that they are amazing works of engineering and architecture.
What is so special about the pyramids? They are huge structures made out of stone, which can only be moved around in large quantities by water or wind. And since they're still standing more than 5000 years after they were built, they must be important for building projects.
So, who built them? The most popular theory is that the pyramids were built by the Egyptians but evidence shows that they were built much later than what historians used to believe. Some scientists believe that they might have been built by an advanced alien civilization because nobody on Earth could have done such a thing.