The Tri-Spiral motif etched on one of the stones within Newgrange's chamber is arguably the most well-known Irish megalithic emblem. Although it is commonly described to as a Celtic pattern, it was carved at least 2500 years before the Celts arrived in Ireland. The original function of these stones is not known with certainty, but they may have been used as markers for burial sites or as ceremonial objects.
The design consists of three spirals that interweave with each other. They in turn intersect with two other spiral lines that pass through the center of each stone. This arrangement is repeated throughout the entire design, which covers all three surfaces of each stone.
There are several similar patterns found in Europe and Asia dating back over 3000 years. However, none of these patterns are found in Africa or America. This suggests that either the designers of these stones were not familiar with these other patterns or that they traveled to these places but did not replicate them. Either way, this shows that people were traveling to different parts of the world back then and that some of these travelers brought these patterns with them!
Newgrange is an early religious site near Bendigo, Australia, that is more than 5500 years old. It is believed that the complex was built by people who lived during the late Stone Age, early Bronze Age.
Newgrange is encircled by 97 big stones known as kerbstones, some of which are inscribed with megalithic art; the entry stone is the most spectacular. The Bru na Boinne Visitors Centre provides access to the Newgrange monument. It contains a small exhibition on the history of the site as well as details about how and when people built Newgrange.
In construction, the interior of Newgrange was divided into three main areas: the adit, or underground passage; the long barrow, or burial chamber; and the transverse passage, which connected the two other areas. The adit is 30 feet (9 m) wide, 6 feet (1.8 m) high and 5 feet (1.5 m) thick. It has been filled with large boulders that have been moved here from elsewhere and placed without any apparent order. The only evidence that these rocks had once formed part of a hillside is that their upper surfaces are still visible. Some of them are carved with spirals and designs that may represent humans or animals. The long barrow is where the body of the occupant of the tomb was placed after it was removed from the adit. It is 26 feet (8 m) long, 10 feet (3 m) wide and 4 feet (1.2 m) thick.
Tomb passage Newgrange is a massive circular mound with an interior stone tunnel and rooms. The mound is surrounded by big stones known as kerbstones, some of which have artwork etched on them. Archaeologists categorized Newgrange as a passage tomb, but it is today recognized as much more than that. It is believed to be a ceremonial site for the people who lived in Ireland around 4,500 years ago.
Newgrange is located near the town of Cashel, about 25 miles south of Dublin. The site was originally discovered in 1679 but didn't get much attention until 1868 when Irish archaeologist Richard Rose came across it while searching for ancient remains near Dublin. He was so intrigued by what he found there that he began writing books about his discoveries. These days, Newgrange is managed by an organization called An Taiseal Nua-Ghaeilge (The National University of Ireland), or ANU for short. They charge an admission fee of €5 for adults, which goes toward maintaining the site and publishing research articles about it. Kids under 17 are free.
Inside the monument are three chambers, two large central ones and one smaller one at its entrance. The inner walls of the chambers are covered with fine artworks created using shells, bones, and other materials found inside the tomb. Experts believe that these images were used in funeral ceremonies where people would have prayed for the dead person's journey into the afterlife.