Akbar's passion for architecture Akbar erected numerous structures in Delhi and Agra. Some were created for defense, such as Agra Fort, while others, such as Fatehpur Sikri, Buland Darwaza, Humayun's Tomb, Jodhabai Palace, and Akbar's Tomb, were erected because of his love of building. During his lifetime, Akbar built his mausoleum. After his death, it was continued by Jahangir who added more rooms and decorations.
Agra Fort stands testimony to the fact that during his reign, Akbar was not only the most powerful ruler in India but also one of the most capable military commanders in history. The fort was built between 1565 and 1638 by various rulers including Akbar's father, Babur. It has been described as a "city within a city" due to its large area (30 hectares or 73 acres) and its maze of corridors and rooms. The entrance gate is called the Jama Masjid, which means 'Great Mosque'. It has three stories with intricate carvings and beautiful stained-glass windows. The first two floors are made up of halls and living quarters where members of the royal family used to live along with their attendants. On the third floor, there are several chambers including one that serves as a prayer room for women.
Fatehpur Sikri is about 70 miles from Agra on the banks of the Yamuna River. It was once a magnificent city but today almost nothing remains except for some buildings that belong to the early years of the 17th century.
The architecture was a blend of Persian, Turkic, Timurid, Iranian, Central Asian, and Hindu and Muslim forms from India. The large-scale use of sandstone in Akbari architecture is especially notable, as seen in the construction of Fatehpur Sikri, Akbar's imperial capital, and Akbar's own mausoleum at Sikandra. The buildings were designed by many different architects, but all were made using similar techniques and materials so that they looked like part of one grand design. These methods would later be used by other builders when building their own versions of Mughal architecture.
Fatehpur Sikri, built between 1571 and 1576, is an ancient city on the Ganga River in Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built under the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbar the Great and is considered his greatest achievement. The city was intended to be not only an administrative center but also a place where Akbar could live out his retirement in peace. However, despite its initial success, it was never completed due to internal conflicts within the Mughal government and also because Akbar died before he could move into his new capital.
Fatehpur Sikri is composed of two main areas: the old town and the new town. The old town is characterized by large gardens, canals, and mosques while the new town has wide streets with houses built of red brick. There are many temples in the old town including those dedicated to Shiva and Vishnu.
His grandson Akbar constructed much, and the style flourished under his rule. Among his accomplishments were the Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri's fortified city, and the Buland Darwaza. Jahangir, Akbar's son, commissioned the Shalimar Gardens in Kashmir. The architecture of the time was predominantly Moghul with Arab influences.
Akbar's daughter Jahanara was married to the Ottoman Sultan Murad III. They had a son who became the next Mughal ruler: Shah Jehan. When Shah Jehan came of age, he forced his father to retire and have him executed. This began the decline of the Mughal empire which would not be restored until its final days when the British occupied Delhi.
Shah Jehan built several monuments including the Red Fort in Delhi and the Lahore Fort near Punjab. He also started the tradition of the Mughal court poetry festival that continues today in Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh. His most famous poem is "Ghazal Gheez", or "The Song of the Nightingale". It is said that during a hunting trip, he shot a bird and when he found out it was a nightingale, he decided to dedicate the bird to music-making gods. The last verse of the poem is translated as: "O Music! Sing for me again/ The song I heard yesterday has vanished now."