Gustave went on to create some of the world's most popular tourist sites, including the Garabit Viaduct, the Bordeaux Bridge, and the steel structure for the Statue of Liberty. But, before he became famous for the Tower, Eiffel worked as a civil engineer and student. He designed water tanks for the Paris Exhibition of 1867 and, later, oil mills.
His work attracted attention from European leaders who wanted new weapons systems. One such leader was the mayor of Paris, who hired Eiffel to design a monument that would attract visitors to the city. The project came just as Europe was recovering from the devastation of two wars (the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars). With funds provided by the government, Eiffel began work on his masterpiece in 1889. The tower was opened to the public the following year. It took its name after the Frenchman who invented the metal-wire cable used to support it -- la chaîne d'Espagne (the chain of Spain).
Today, the Eiffel Tower is one of the most recognizable landmarks in the world. In addition to being a popular attraction, it also serves an important role in sending messages to people around the globe via radio telescopes mounted on the top of the structure. These transmissions include news reports and music tracks that have been specially selected to be heard worldwide.
He is most known for the world-famous Eiffel Tower, which he designed for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, as well as his participation to the construction of the Statue of Liberty in New York.
|Notable work||Garabit viaduct Eiffel Tower Statue of Liberty|
|Spouse(s)||Marguerite Gaudelet (1862–1877)|
Gustave Eiffel's Gustave Eiffel exhibited both his engineering skill and a clear grasp of the evolving aesthetic of the industrial age when he built his iconic tower. Otis engineers had to be creative as well, designing the tower's lift systems not once, but twice, a century apart. The first elevator was an open cage system used by workers to transport materials between floors of the tower. It was made by Otis.
The second elevator used modern components (including electric motors) and was designed by Jules Verne. It was a closed cabin that lifted people, as well as goods, from the ground floor to the top platform. It debuted in 1903 and was the first elevator to be installed in a major building (the Palais de Justice).
In addition to being innovative designs, both these elevators were important steps toward the universal design principle we know today. Before this time, buildings were generally constructed with stairs instead of ramps or lifts, which can be difficult for people with disabilities to use.
The Eiffel Tower is also one of the few buildings in Paris that has exterior lighting that is controlled by sensors that switch on lamps where there is no shadow cast by a roof beam.
The tower is also known for its 100 meters (330 feet) of iron wire strung between its tiers providing light during nights when it is not illuminated by its own lights.
Gustave Eiffel's engineering firm, now known as GUEFOUP, still operates in Paris today. The company designed the tower for the World's Fair of 1889 and also constructed a second tower for the 1937 World's Fair. The original Eiffel Tower is still open to visitors today.
The Eiffel Tower is one of France's most famous landmarks and it's not hard to see why! It's beautiful inside and out, with amazing views from every floor. In addition, there are special exhibits that change every year so you won't find yourself touring an empty museum. If you visit the Eiffel Tower, be sure to go up to the top floor where you can enjoy a nice cup of coffee or tea and watch the sunset over Paris.
You can reach the Eiffel Tower by metro, bus, taxi, or walking through the Champ de Mars park. There are also several tours you can take of the tower in addition to its own elevator. For example, you can take the glass lift ride up 75 meters (245 feet) into the air or go up in a small elevator for a closer look at items on display down below.