Mesopotamian family were responsible for building their own homes. While mud bricks and wooden doors were the most common building materials, reeds were also utilized. The walls of the house consisted of a thick layer of mud that was smoothed over with a tool called a mallet. The roof was made of wood or clay.
Mesopotamians built their houses in the same way for thousands of years. Even after the Greeks and Romans came to Europe with their advanced building techniques, Europeans didn't change this practice. Instead, they added windows and doors to the Mesopotamian house design.
In conclusion, Mesopotamians used mud for building their houses. The quality of the mud, type of tools used, and length of time required for construction all varied depending on how wealthy the family was. However, even the poorest families could build a house if needed.
Depending on where they were erected, ancient Mesopotamian dwellings were made of mud bricks or reeds. Near rivers and marsh regions, people lived in reed huts. Sun-dried mud bricks were used to construct dwellings in drier places. Mud brick houses typically featured one or two rooms and flat roofs. They could be as small as a bedroom and a bathroom or as large as a palace. There is evidence that some Babylonians lived in timber and stone houses.
In conclusion, the Babylonians lived in mud brick houses.
On hot nights, the roof served as an extra living space where families could cook and sleep. In cold weather, it was used for heating and cooking.
In more prosperous households, houses were made of wood. They usually had only one room with a flat roof. The walls were made of clay or baked earth mixed with straw and dung.
People worked the fields with tools like these to grow their food.
They dug canals and raised banks to grow crops. Some farmers kept livestock too. Ancient Mesopotamia was home to cows, sheep, goats, pigs, and chickens. Fish were also important for eating and trade. People caught them with nets and spears.
Mesopotamians made many types of weapons including swords, spears, axes, arrows, and bows. They used them for defense against wild animals and enemies. The men also used knives for cutting meat and vegetables.
Mesopotamians built many types of vehicles including carts, chariots, and boats. They used these vehicles for transportation, trade, and war.
Carts were pulled by horses or donkeys. When horses were unavailable or too expensive, people used donkeys instead.
As a result, Mesopotamians made bricks and plaster out of mud. Mesopotamians erected mud walls around their villages to defend themselves. Mesopotamians traded grain for necessities like stone and wood. They were able to do so because they had a plenty of grain. In fact, one estimate is that the population of Mesopotamia was between 150,000 and 200,000 in 1750 B.C.
Mesopotamians built with mud because it was easy to get and cheap. They mixed water and soil and pushed it through a bamboo stick or hollowed-out log to make thick bricks. The soil used most often was clay from canals or from under buildings which had been removed. When stones were needed, they were transported great distances on donkeys or horses. Trees like oak and pine were cut down to make tools like axes and adzes. The trees' hard shells were used for weapons like arrows and spears.
Mesopotamians made plaster by mixing gypsum with water and then pouring it into the cracks in walls. This mixture would harden over time. Bones and other human remains were buried beneath fields to help fertilize crops. When these bodies decomposed, nitrogen from the bones helped plants grow more fruit, vegetables, and grains. Mesopotamians also hunted wild animals for food and used their skins for clothing and shelter.