Stone, plaster, and brick were used to construct fine Roman dwellings. Their roofs were tiled. A "villa ubana" was a villa that was relatively close to Rome and could be visited on a regular basis. Murals, paintings, sculptures, and tile mosaics adorned the dwellings of the wealthy Romans. In addition to its luxurious amenities, a Roman house had water, light, and heat.
The city of Rome was built over an area of about 250 square miles, so there was plenty of space for homes to separate themselves from the crowd. But unlike in modern cities, buildings didn't block views of the sky or allow for natural light to enter rooms. This is because the Romans believed that gods lived in the sky and on Earth's surface and that they needed sunlight to guide them in what they did. They also thought that light could ward off evil spirits.
Rome was not only rich but powerful as well. It became the dominant force in ancient Europe and the world by 200 AD. Its citizens enjoyed peace and prosperity for many years after that. However, this era of expansion ended when Emperor Constantine decided to convert to Christianity in the 4th century. This decision caused political unrest as well as violence between Christians and those who refused to convert to Christianity.
After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century, most of these homes were abandoned. But some survived into the 12th century under new ownership.
They were single-story dwellings constructed around a courtyard called an atrium. Atriums had no roofs and chambers that opened off of them. A wealthy Roman home included several rooms, including a kitchen, bath, dining room, bedrooms, and slave quarters. Water was delivered to the wealthy's homes via lead pipes. The water was then sold to residents or used within the house for washing clothes and dishes.
Atriums were the first true apartments. They were built with walls on three sides allowing people to live, work, and enjoy their possessions in some privacy. Atria could be found in many buildings across Rome including commercial establishments, government offices, and even houses of prostitution.
The Romans adopted many building techniques from other cultures. They also developed their own styles of architecture which evolved over time. For example, the Doric style of architecture was popular between 500 B.C. and 300 B.C. However, by 200 B.C., the Doric style had been replaced by the Ionic style. Ionia was a region in Asia Minor where they developed their ideas about architecture. The Greeks had similar ideas about apartment living but they used enclosed courts instead. These courts were called peripteralies. There were several varieties of peripteralies including the tetrastyle, diastyle, and tripudium. In contrast, Romans usually built only one story apartments because they wanted to keep out any dangerous elements such as wild animals or robbers.
Domus were the homes of wealthy Roman residents in cities. Homes like these would have been built of stone or wood, with tiles or plaster for interior walls. There might also have been a garden outside.
People lived here with their family members. The number of people living in one house depended on the size of the household. It is not known how many people usually lived in a Roman house, but evidence from burial sites shows that most houses were not alone; often there were more than one house on the site. This may have been because some people were rich enough to be able to afford more than one house. In addition, there are examples of two separate houses being built next to each other without any space in between. This may have been because families wanted to be close together.
In public buildings, such as temples or theaters, large numbers of people would have lived in domus. These would have been grand residences with many rooms for guests to stay in. Usually only the richest people could afford to live in these kinds of homes.
In smaller houses, such as those found on private property, the number of people who could possibly live there would be much lower.