Homes in ancient Greece were designed to be built around a courtyard or garden. The walls were frequently composed of wood and mud bricks. They had little windows without glass but with wooden shutters to keep the blazing sun out. Greeks slept on mattresses filled with wool, feathers, or dry grass at night. They also used blankets during cold weather.
The typical home was made up of three rooms: the living room, the dining room, and the kitchen. It usually had one door that led into the street and another that went into the yard. There might be a fourth door into a small storage room. Windows didn't open, so people got light in the house by burning candles or lamps at night and in the morning by opening the doors and drawing curtains. Walls were decorated with paintings or sculptures of animals or humans.
People cooked their food over an open fire in a kind of stove called a triclinium. In larger houses there might be separate kitchens for cooking vegetables and meat. Sometimes these were part of a basement apartment where families could eat in peace when they weren't entertaining guests upstairs.
Greeks drank wine mixed with water or beer brewed from barley. They also enjoyed a drink called hippocras which was flavored with various fruits and spices. Hippocras was very popular especially among adults who needed extra energy to deal with the stress of life back then!
Older people and children lived together in one house.
Ancient Greek Architecture Materials Wood and Clay, No. 1 During the colonization era (8th to 6th century BC), Greek structures were composed of wood and clay bricks. 2 limonite Limestone was mined from quarries and is popular among builders because to its ease of cutting. 3 marbles from Pentelikon 4 Epirus Pink Limestone....
The vast majority of people lived in villages or in the countryside. Many Greeks were impoverished, and living was difficult since farmland, water, and timber for construction were in short supply. That is why many Greeks went ship in search of new areas to colonize. The oldest known house in Greece is from about 730 B.C. It was built for King Neithon of Athens by Egyptian builders. Its design features similarities with modern houses. The ancient Greeks did invent some things that are now used in home building today including the screw thread, but they also took advantage of what nature provided them. For example, they used wood and stone as building materials because they would not decay like most modern buildings do.
Greeks lived in houses to protect themselves from the elements and others. Houses had roofs made of wood or thatch to keep out the rain and sun. They usually had four walls with a door and window. There might be another entrance on the other side of the house but it would be through a kitchen or bathroom. In cities you would find houses next to each other without any space in between which led to problems with crime and disease. So governments imposed limits on the number of stories people could build up above ground level. In Athens, for example, apartments were only allowed to have three rooms and a small porch attached to it. People lived mainly on bread and olive oil which are both healthy foods.
(Annely) There are several initiatives underway now for the renovation and preservation of old structures (see image to the right). The Greeks preferred limestone, marble, and ivory as construction materials and building blocks for their temples, monuments, and sculptural ornamentation. Gold was used in the creation of a few religious objects like the Nike of Pheidias or the gold crowns of Greek kings.
Limestone was easily available on the island of Greece itself and also in the surrounding sea bed. It was used in the construction of most ancient buildings. Marbles were used by the Ancient Romans and also today in building projects. Ivory was used in some religious objects like the Descent from the Cross or the Throne of Solomon. All together these natural resources provided builders with the material needed to construct amazing structures that still stand today.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed of calcium carbonate (CaCO3), which can be found in large quantities in Greece. Marble is a hard, dense form of limestone that is mostly made up of calcium carbonate. It is usually white or brown in color and often has small grains of sand mixed throughout the stone (this makes it easier to carve into beautiful shapes). Soot is used today as a filler material in place of marble because it is cheaper than the real thing! Golden treasures have been discovered at archaeological sites around Greece. These include gold coins, jewelry, and ornaments.
Greek architecture had a significant impact on the Romans. The Greeks created marble temples to house their gods. The Romans used Greek designs into their own public structures. They eventually learned to employ concrete to build even greater monuments, like as Rome's Pantheon.
In addition to buildings, the Romans also borrowed some other aspects of Greek culture. For example, they adopted Greek methods of investigation, such as questioning witnesses and collecting evidence. These are two important components in our system of justice today. The Romans also used some other aspects of Greek culture, such as their language and math skills. These elements made it easier for them to deal with people overseas who spoke Latin not yet adapted to Italian accents. Mathematics is needed to calculate measurements accurately.
The Romans saw the benefits of borrowing from the Greeks. For example, they used marble because it was a quality material that was easy to work with. The same can be said about the use of Greek architects to design buildings at home or abroad. Finally, mathematics is useful for calculating measurements accurately. This allows for building projects to be done efficiently without any mistakes.
Yes, the Romans adopted some ideas from the Chinese. For example, they both used bamboo for making weapons and tools.