Towns were new in medieval times, and manors were not as new or as customary for the time period. Towns introduced peasants and serfs to new experiences. They brought them independence if they got away from their lord, and they no longer had to pay their lords anything they produced.
Manors continued to exist after towns came into being. They were where the king wanted his officers to live when they were not on duty. Some menors became huge estates that lasted for many generations. Others were broken up among the officers who lived there.
In short, towns gave peasants and serfs freedom while manors educated the leaders of society and provided them with land. These are the only ways people could have property in those days.
Life in manors and towns was vastly different, yet they did share certain similarities. The settlements were located along major trade routes. There were artisan stores. People benefited from towns because they were liberated from the social hierarchical structure. Manors were ruled by lords, who were required to be faithful to the monarchs. However, they could make their own decisions about running their domains.
People in towns could hold various professions including lawyers, doctors, merchants, and soldiers. They could also have an independent existence outside of the manor system. For example, a knight might live in a town but still belong to a lord.
Men had important roles to play in the community. They would go to war together and work on projects such as building roads and houses. But beyond this, they would often choose what role they wanted to play within the community. Some men may have chosen to be farmers or shop owners, while others may have wanted to lead troops into battle or visit other countries.
Women's lives were much simpler than men's. They would usually stay at home and take care of the housework and children. But women did have some rights; for example, they could own property and write letters.
Children's lives were also simple. They would usually be given names until they reached puberty when they would be ordained into a profession. At this time, they would also be expected to make a donation to become a member of the church.
What was the difference between a medieval town and a manor? Medieval towns were dirty, crowded, and crowded, with unpaved, muddy roadways. Medieval towns grew as a result of trade. Manors, on the other hand, were massive fortified stone houses or castles in the heart of a noble's domain. These grand structures were not used for daily commerce, but rather served as a reminder to others that the land belonged to one powerful person. In addition, they could house hundreds of people! The Church was the main employer in most medieval towns, because it needed servants to work its many estates and churches throughout Europe.
Medieval towns usually had a common defense against invaders. They might have a wall around some parts of the city to protect residents from violence in other parts of the city. Soldiers would be paid by the day or by the year and would fight for the king or queen if hired to do so. Royalty often tried to avoid war by paying soldiers to go away. If they refused the money, they might get killed. This is why most wars in the Middle Ages weren't really battles; they were negotiations over money.
In contrast, manors rarely fought each other. If one lord became too powerful, his neighbors could join together and kill him. This is why there were so few wars between manors; they knew what would happen if they started fighting.
The manor's inhabitants came from all "levels" of feudalism: peasants, knights, lords, and nobles. Large fields were frequently present around the manor, which were utilized for cattle, farming, and hunting. A church and a town with blacksmiths, bakers, and peasants' houses were common structures on a property. The lord of the manor would reside in his manor house.
Peasants usually lived in cluster of buildings called a hamlet. These could be as small as a few huts arranged around a central square, or they could be larger groups of homes surrounded by farmland. Sometimes these clusters of homes had their own churches, schools, and shops.
In England, many large estates were owned by monasteries and bishops. These people did not live on the estate but instead hired managers to run their land and people who worked there. Under these managers, farmers grew wheat, barley, grapes, vegetables, herbs, and meat animals. They also built farmshouse, stables, barns, wells, and other farm equipment.
People at the top of the feudal system could have land taken away if they were defeated in battle or died without an heir. If this happened to a knight or noble, their land would be given to another person through a process called "feudal service". This could include fighting wars or paying fines if they were convicted of a crime.