Tudor ships were capable of crossing oceans to trade and battle. They had three or four masts and could carry square and triangular sails. The hull was usually made of wood, but some early vessels were also made from stone or metal.
Tudor ships were not beautiful sculptures; they were built for speed and strength. The tallest mast was usually located in the center of the ship, because it needed to be strong enough to support a large sail that could catch the wind no matter where it came from. On larger ships there might be another tall mast on the bow or stern for catching high winds.
The smaller ships had two masts at most, one in the front and one in the back. These boats were used for fishing or trading along coastal areas where they could be easily handled by men on shore.
There are many pictures and drawings of Tudor ships in history books and magazines. They show wooden ships with heavy guns and armor plating. Some ships looked like modern boats with decks and rigging, while others were simple shells without windows or doors. There were also exploratory ships that were designed to go into remote places where there were no people to trade with. They carried scientists and explorers who collected information about new countries that would help traders move their goods more efficiently.
PROCEEDINGS 195 TUDOR FLAGS 1. Ships were built or commandeered as needed for warfare during this time. Following the combat, most ships returned to their normal missions. Following the French War of 1512–14, Henry kept a fleet of 15 ships, thereby establishing the English navy. The Naval Council had roughly 60 ships by 1545. During the reign of Elizabeth I, the navy had about 100 ships.
The number and size of ships in an oceanic nation's navy reflected that country's economic strength and military needs. A shipwright could build one vessel per year, so a kingdom or state that wanted to stay afloat should allocate its resources efficiently. For example, when England was at war with France, she could never be sure how long it would last so she needed a strong army and navy all the time. This required constant building and repairing of vehicles that carried soldiers on land and water.
In 1450, Edward IV's army included 400 horses but only 40 armored fighting vehicles. Two centuries later, after many battles had been won and lost, Charles II had more than 10,000 troops under his command but only 30 gunships. This shows that even though ships have improved over time, armies have grown much larger. In fact, an army today can be up to 200 times bigger than Edward IV's force was two centuries ago!
For most countries, building a large navy is too expensive so they instead build smaller vessels that are easier to make and maintain.
Galleons What were the names of Tudor ships? Galleons were the name given to the ships utilized during the Tudor period. These were massive ocean-going ships that were four times as long as they were broad. They had a deck just for artillery. The heaviest guns then in use could be mounted on galleys, but most were built to carry soldiers or cargo across oceans. During the 17th century, British galleons carried slaves from Africa to Europe.
It appears to have been based on the French word galley, which in turn may be derived from the Arabic word for war galuh.
There were five royal battleships by the time he died. Two of them were brand-new four-masted carracks that were substantially larger than the average English commerce ship. The navy had grown to more than 40 ships by the time Henry VIII died in 1547.
His reign saw a number of significant events for the navy, including the founding of the first British Naval College at Greenwich and the introduction of cannon into England's battleships.
Henry VIII built more than just ships. He also had nearly 100 castles constructed around his kingdom to protect its people from invasion. These included large stone fortresses such as Dover Castle and smaller fortified houses such as Ham House and Petworth House.
He was the most successful naval king in English history. By the time he died in 1547, he had ruled for 51 years and spent much of that time fighting wars or trying to avoid being involved in wars. He managed to stay out of war for 10 years after he started building his navy but when France and Spain went to war with each other, he had to take part.
France and England had been allies since 1372 but by the late 15th century, they were both experiencing economic problems. This made them look for new ways to make money so they could keep their ships building.
Tudor sailors generally subsisted on salted meat, salted seafood, and ship's biscuits. They ate meat four days a week and fish the remaining three. We know the crew ate cheese and butter, but we couldn't discover any on the Mary Rose. However, they probably bought these items when they reached port.
Sailors usually got sick more than once in their lives, so they had plenty of time to learn how to prepare food that would keep them healthy even during long trips at sea. They learned which plants had medicinal properties and used them to treat themselves when needed. For example, they rubbed rose hips to relieve pain after injuries from falls off ships' rigging.
People usually eat more when they're on holiday, so it's no surprise that Tudor sailors ate plenty of food and alcohol while sailing across the Atlantic. One study showed that men who sailed with Tudor captains consumed an average of 20 pounds (9 kg) of meat and 15 pounds (7 kg) of fish per year. That's about 50 percent more than what's recommended for good health.
During wartime, people often had to make do with what was available instead of eating out every day. Historians think that this is why levels of iron in some skeletons are higher than others. Men who went to sea when there was fighting between countries were likely to come home before their wives and children.