Muntins are commonly found in doors, windows, and furniture in western forms of architecture. "Lights" or "lites" split a single window sash or casement into a grid system of tiny glass panes known as "lights" or "lites." A muntin is a vertical element in timber paneling or a door that separates two panels in the United Kingdom. It is placed at right angles to the grain of the wood to allow for air circulation.
Glass is a transparent material composed of small particles of silica suspended in a medium such as water or oil. Glass can be colored by adding various metals or other substances during its production process. Clear glass is called "vitreous" or "transparent" glass; other types of glass are opaque (see also: glass painting).
When light enters clear glass, it appears to come from all directions because there are no visible fibers within the glass to block light. However, if you were to look closely at a piece of glass with a microscope, you would see that there are actually three distinct regions inside the glass: one dark region in the middle where no light can penetrate, and two lighter regions on either side where some light does get through.
This is why when you look at a pane of glass, even though it seems like there's nothing but clear air on the other side, there are actually little bubbles trapped inside the glass that prevent it from being completely transparent.
The framework that keeps the glass in place is the moveable portion of the window. A sill is a component that goes at the bottom of a window frame. A stile is the vertical portion of a sash. Top and bottom rails are the horizontal parts of the frame surrounding the pane of glass.
A jamb is the term used for the vertical piece of wood that fits into a corner cavity. It supports the roof and walls above it. The word comes from the French jambe, meaning leg. In modern building practices, the term jamb is often applied to any protruding piece of wood within a wall cavity, such as a header or trim piece.
The ledge below the window opens up into a step. This is because when the window was first installed, it wasn't centered in the opening; instead, it was set back from the edge a little. When the builder realized this, he or she built a platform on which to stand while working on the inside of the house. This is now known as a window seat.
Window seats are popular today because they provide an easy-to-use place to sit while doing work or watching TV outside. Before window seats, people used chairs or benches instead. There were also hooks on which to hang clothes.
A clerestory window is a big window or sequence of tiny windows that run along the top of a structure's wall, generally towards the roof line. Clerestory windows are a sort of "fenestration," or glass window layout, that can be seen in both residential and commercial buildings. A clerestory wall frequently rises over adjacent roofs. It is so named because the early Christian church had one or more large windows in the roof, where the sun would pass through during prayer meetings or other services held there.
There are two main types of clerestory windows: flat plate and multiple-light transoms. Flat plate clerestories have rectangular or trapezoidal openings cut into the wall surface, usually with plain glass panels inside. These are the most common type of clerestory used for office space, schools, and hospitals. Multiple-light transoms have several smaller rectangular or round windows set within a larger central window, often with stained glass. They are commonly found in churches, but some non-religious structures such as gymnasiums also use them. The number of lights in a transom window varies depending on the design; sometimes as many as 12 or more individual windows might be used together in a single structure.
Clerestory windows allow in more light than ordinary single-glazed windows while providing visual appeal and allowing some natural light into the building.
Pella (r) Impervia (r) sliding glass windows are composed of extremely robust fiberglass and are built to last for many years. They are also very energy-efficient, so your utility bills will be lower during the winter months.
Glass is a clear, brittle material that can appear as flat or curved surfaces. Glass has many uses in our daily lives: from windows and doors to electronic display screens. However, it can be harmful if not handled properly during manufacturing or installation/removal of parts.
There are two main types of windows: single-glazed and double-glazed. A single-glazed window has one glass pane and does not have a barrier between the inside and outside environments. So, anything that is visible on one side will be visible on the other. Double-glazed windows have an inner and outer glass panel and serve as a barrier against noise, heat, and moisture. This type of window requires special tools for opening; usually either a screwdriver or pry bar is needed to break off the lock washer that holds the sash in place.
It's important to remember that windows can be broken easily by those who do not know how to handle them safely.