The Statue of Liberty is based on the Roman goddess of liberty, Libertas. The statue's crown may have up to 25 windows. They represent gemstones and the sun's beams beaming down on the planet.
In her left hand, the statue holds an open book representing knowledge and enlightenment. In her right hand, she holds a torch, which has been misinterpreted as male energy because of its resemblance to a torch.
The original torch was made of copper and had eight branches. It was designed by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, who also designed the statue. The torch was cast in Paris at Brisson's foundry using artisans' techniques. It took four years to complete and was presented to the French government as a gift from France to America in 1884.
On October 28, 1986, an electrical fire broke out on the roof of the statue's head. It quickly spread and destroyed most of the hair carved into the lady's crown. The fire did not touch the interior of the body, but it did damage some of the clothes worn by the statue. Workers immediately closed off the area to prevent anyone from falling past safety barriers placed around the perimeter of the structure.
According to the National Park Service, the monument was patterned by the Roman Goddess Liberty, or Libertas, and that ancient depictions of Liberty are frequently represented in female form (here). The statue as we know it today was designed by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and was created for the French nation at a cost of $750,000 (about $9 million in 2016). It was unveiled on October 28, 1884.
Liberty was chosen as the theme for the 1889 World's Fair in Paris because of its connection with freedom and democracy. At the time, France was trying to recover from its defeat in the American Civil War and needed all the help it could get. So President Antonio Lefèbvre Barre decided to attach the Statue of Liberty to its country's entrance ticket so as many Americans as possible would be encouraged to visit.
The statue has become one of America's most recognizable symbols and has been called "the goddess that guards the gateway to the New World." Today, an electric light is installed in her right hand which has been reported to have been switched on only three times: once during the opening ceremony, again when President William Howard Taft visited the statue in 1909, and finally on April 14, 1931 when President Herbert Hoover did the same.
Libertas According to the National Park Service, the monument was patterned by the Roman Goddess Liberty, or Libertas, and that ancient depictions of Liberty are frequently represented in female form (here).
But some sources claim the statue is based on Madame de Pompadour, a mistress of King Louis XV. The model for the sculpture was chosen by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, and it was executed by French sculptor Jean-Antoine Houdon.
Buffon was a naturalist who had been invited to France by Louis XVI to serve as the first director of the National Museum. He selected his favorite specimen of each species he saw during his travels, brought them back to Paris, and put them on display in his museum. The king was so impressed by this exhibition that he ordered more be sent from all over Europe. This is how the Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris came into existence.
The idea for the statue came from an article written by Forlonius Libellus, a French author known for his ideas on liberty. In 1825, he proposed having a colossal statue of Liberty on an island in the River Seine in Paris as a symbol for freedom. It was not until nearly a decade later that the project was realized.
Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi, a Frenchman, created the Statue of Liberty. Libertas, the Roman goddess of liberty, is represented by the feminine figure. Lady Liberty wears a gown and carries a tablet with the date of American independence on it in her left hand, and a torch in her right hand. The word "liberty" can be seen engraved on the base of the statue.
Bartholdi was inspired to create the statue after seeing the Statue of Zeus at Olympia. He believed that such a statue would not only honor America but other countries as well. So he entered a competition to design it and won. However, when the time came to build the statue, money problems forced him to ask another artist to help. In 1884, Frédéric-Auguste Cormon built a scale model of the statue before starting work on the real thing. He used this model to help with details such as positioning of limbs and facial features. He also made some modifications of his own to the design of the head and armature.
The statue was completed in 1886 and was installed in New York Harbor later that year. It has been praised for its artistic quality and has become one of the most recognizable symbols of America.
In 1903, President Theodore Roosevelt gave instructions for several alterations to the face of the statue. These changes were made because people were damaging their faces trying to take photographs with the statue in them.
Libertas Many historians believe that the Statue of Liberty was inspired by Libertas, the Roman goddess of liberty. The huge statues protecting Nubian tombs, on the other hand, inspired the sculptor Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi. He has a lifetime interest in large-scale public monuments.
The modern interpretation of Lady Liberty as a symbol of freedom and democracy was adopted during the French Revolution when she became associated with liberty, equality, and fraternity. These three ideals were adopted by the American government as its own and are now considered the "spirit" or "essence" of the statue.
In 1884, President Grover Cleveland signed a law authorizing the U.S. Commissioner of Patents to award copyright protection for artistic works. The statute's author, Senator Henry Billings Brown, had been inspired by the need to protect the artists who created sculptures such as those on which the feet of Lady Liberty rest.
Copyright protects the way that words and music are arranged on an album or songbook page. It allows these creative works to be reproduced or performed again by others for their enjoyment without fear of legal action from the original creator. Copyright also provides support for the arts community by ensuring financial reward for artists who create expressive works.
Since her arrival in New York Harbor in 1886, Lady Liberty has become one of the most recognizable symbols in the world.
1. It's possible that the original model was an Egyptian lady. Many historians believe that the Statue of Liberty was inspired by Libertas, the Roman goddess of liberty.
2. Yes, the statue is actually based on a real woman named Anne Marie Louise Cladis de La Tour d'Auvergne, who was born in France in 1784. She was baptized with the names Anne Marie Louise Cladis de la Tour d'Auvergne.
3. The first version of the statue was built in Paris at the end of the 18th century. It was called "The French Woman." The second version of the statue was built after the French Revolution in 1884. This time, it was called "Liberty Enlightening the World."
4. Yes, the poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote some words for the inscription on the base of the statue. But the actual inscription was written by President Theodore Roosevelt. He wanted something more poetic but also more powerful to represent America to the world. So he asked Longfellow what word would best describe the feeling he had when he looked at the statue.
5. The word that Longfellow suggested was "generosity". So Roosevelt changed it to "the gift of freedom".