Buildings constructed prior to 1981 are referred to as "kyu-taishin," whereas those constructed after 1981 are referred to as "shin-taishin." This is a critical distinction for many Japanese considering to buy an apartment. Before 1981, most apartments were built with wood or concrete, which are both considered durable materials useful for housing. In addition, electricity and running water were not available in most apartments until well into the 20th century.
After the Tokyo earthquake of 1923 and the bombing of Hiroshima in 1945, steel became the standard building material used for construction. However, even today, many traditional houses in rural areas are made from wood.
In general, apartments built prior to 1981 are larger than those built afterward. This is because landlords wanted to make sure their tenants could withstand any future earthquakes that might occur in japan. The larger size also means there's more room inside for everyone who will live there later.
Finally, landlords gave renters the option to add on to their apartment. So if you move in with your family, you can decide what size house you want by adding rooms. You can also choose to put up a wall to create a smaller area called a "tokonoma" - this is where guests are usually invited to sit. This is a very traditional idea still found in many Japanese homes today.
Inspections of apartment complexes exceeding three floors are now required during the construction phase. Under the kyu-taishin construction regulations, a structure is meant to resist and not collapse in the event of a seismic intensity scale (Shindo-scale) of at least 5, however considerable damage may occur. Before you start work on your apartment complex, make sure you find out if any inspections were done recently. The developer should provide this information.
The law requires that all apartments within a building must be of a similar size and style, and be of a quality that will not deteriorate over time. Each unit must also have access to a common area which includes the kitchen, dining room, living room, and bathroom. This is intended to ensure that tenants have equal access to services such as laundry rooms and storage space.
The building codes require apartment buildings to have fire walls between each floor to prevent flames from spreading from one unit to another. The law also requires that all doors and windows into an apartment must have proper locks and seals to prevent smoke and heat from escaping.
The building codes list minimum requirements for apartment buildings. The actual code that is being followed when building a new apartment complex will be indicated by a sticker placed on the front door of each unit. These stickers are issued by the builder and they are usually available from local building offices or from the contractor who built the complex.
Ting is one of the Chinese architectural categories (Chinese: Ting; pinyin: Ting) ping (Chinese pavilions) tai chi (terraces) Louie (simplified Chinese: Tai; traditional Chinese: Tai; pinyin: Tai) louis (multistory buildings)
It is used for classifying ancient Chinese buildings. Although ting can be translated as "building" or "structure", it also refers to the cultural tradition of building especially large monuments and structures such as imperial tombs.
During the Qin dynasty (221 B.C. - 206 B.C.), architecture developed rapidly. The best-known example is the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, which is still one of the largest man-made objects in the world. It is a massive burial monument for the first emperor of a unified China. The mausoleum has nine levels with an area of more than 20,000 square meters (210,000 sq ft). It took more than 100,000 workers eight years to complete the project. The name "Qin Shi Huang" means "first emperor who unifies the country".
After the Qin empire fell, civil wars broke out among several warring states, resulting in no single power being able to extend its control over all of China.
I adore architecture, from enormous skyscrapers to small-town dwellings in the manner of tin shacks. The majority of residential structures in Tokyo, as well as throughout Japan, are tiny and tidy. They're called "yanagi chabudai" which means "one room and a half" in Japanese. These houses were originally built for laborers who worked on nearby construction sites or in factories during the day and returned home at night. Now they're also for people who can't afford larger houses and need something smaller.
The typical Japanese house has one room with a tatami floor that serves as both living area and bedroom. A partition wall extends across the entire room, so it can be used as more than one space. There is usually a separate entrance for each spouse, but otherwise the rooms are identical. A bath or shower is located outside of the house in most cases.
There are several different types of Japanese houses. The ones available for rent have names like "kikko" (translated as "something boxy") or "suiban" (a small apartment). They tend to be compact but comfortable spaces with laundry facilities, kitchenettes, and other amenities typically found in apartments. Some have access to a garden or balcony.
Traditional Japanese houses had only one floor; you went up stairs or a ladder to get inside.
When it comes to building structures, four materials are commonly used: wood, steel, reinforced concrete, and steel-reinforced concrete. This information is required by law anytime you seek to rent or purchase a new property in Japan. The data is also needed to establish what kind of housing license you will need if you want to renovate an existing structure.
The type of material used to construct a building affects its cost and durability. For example, steel frames are the most durable but also the most expensive option. Concrete frames are the cheapest option but they don't last long enough for many people to recoup their costs.
In Japan, there is no specific training program to become a builder. Instead, young people who have some experience working with tools can apply for job openings at construction sites. They usually start out as errand runners or helpers and over time may be given responsibilities that lead to promotion.
There are several different terms that are used to describe builders in Japan. There are independent subcontractors who work on their own without any staff members. Then there are small to medium-sized businesses with one or two employees. Finally, there are large companies with hundreds of employees. All types of builders contribute to the same project simultaneously, so each role has many opportunities for progression.