A vault (French voute, from Italian volta) is a self-supporting arching structure used in architecture to cover an area with a ceiling or roof. In construction, vaults are usually made of wood and covered with plaster or dry wall.
Vaulted ceilings are one of the most popular types of ceilings found in modern buildings. They provide an open space for people to walk under without walking in darkness. Also called coffered ceilings, they originated around 1450 and became very popular throughout Europe. Today, they can be seen in many buildings, including museums, libraries, and churches.
There are two main kinds of vaulted ceilings: geometric and stylized. Geometric vaults are made up of plain or decorated joists set into stone walls or arches. They are found in large spaces such as halls or theaters where they serve as support for heavy materials like glass or metal that would damage other forms of ceiling. Geometric vaults are also used in areas where soundproofing is required because they distribute weight more evenly than textured vaults.
Stylized vaults feature designs cut into the joists themselves. These become important elements when decorating the room.
A barrel vault is the most basic type of vault, consisting of a single continuous archway. These lovely curving ceilings are made up of three fundamental measurements: length, breadth, and rise. The length of the barrel vault is measured from one end to the other. The breadth is the distance between the two sides of the room. The rise is the height of the vault above the base line or floor level.
Barrel vaults were first used in medieval Europe. They remained popular into the early 20th century but are now considered old-fashioned. Modern buildings usually have flat or domed ceilings instead.
There are several varieties of barrel vault including: central beam, tie beam, and crossbeam. In a central beam vault, there is a single center pole or post that runs the length of the room. The ends of this post meet at a point near the top of the wall opposite each other. The space between the posts forms the roof of the room. At the very top of each post there is a circular hole called an oculus. Light enters through these holes and spills onto the floor below. Where posts intersect, they form diagonal braces that support the roof. These braces may be visible or hidden by paneling or carpets. A tie beam vault has two parallel beams that run the length of the room with hooks or brackets attached to them for hanging objects such as lights or air conditioners.
The barrel vault ceiling was designed by CEILTRIM. The barrel vault ceiling is an upward arch that runs the length of the space, similar to a barrel sliced in half. The weight of the vaults and their connections to the walls supports the roof.
Barrel vault ceilings are very popular in Europe and some parts of North America. They're also known as hexagonal or semicircular vaults because they're shaped like a six-sided tube with each side being equal in size. The vault comes in two different sizes: small for rooms up to 10 meters (33 feet) wide and large for larger spaces.
There are several different ways to finish a vaulted ceiling. You can either have the material cut away to expose the trusses supporting the roof or you can leave them exposed as well. If you choose to hide the trusses, then the ceiling will be referred to as "trussed" or "tied" ceiling. On the other hand, if the trusses are visible, then the ceiling will be called "framed" or "braced" ceiling.
Half-vaulted ceilings are identical to barrel vaults except that instead of running the full length of the room, they stop before reaching the far wall.
A vaulted ceiling is an architectural term for a self-supporting arch above walls and beneath a roof. "They employ empty roof structural space to enlarge a standard flat ceiling." This is done by hanging heavy objects from the joists which make up the floor of the room. The weight pulls those same joists outwards, causing them to bend with the shape of the object being hung.
Some examples of this type of ceiling include troffer lamps, cove lights, and gallery lights. These can be expensive because of their size and weight, but they are very popular in offices where lighting is needed but not wanted in every corner. Pitched ceilings are also used in factories where height is important so that materials or machines can be moved around without getting in the way of doors or windows. They are also common in museums because you don't want to put up any walls when you want to show off your collection!
The height of a pitched ceiling is called its "pitch". The lower the pitch, the higher the ceiling. A typical residential garage ceiling is 12 feet high, while a factory floor is 30 or 40 feet high. Ceilings that are too low cause problems for people who have to climb stairs or ladders. They may also cause issues for those with mobility problems if there aren't enough handholds available.