The average caravel was 75 feet (23 meters) long and featured two or three pole masts that were lateen-rigged (i.e., with triangular sails). Later variants had a fourth mast with a square sail for sailing ahead of the wind. Caravels, as a kind, were smaller and lighter than 16th-century Spanish galleons.
Caravels were used by European traders to trade with Africa, their main market at the time. Although they could carry 100 tons, the maximum load they were designed for, the typical cargo weight was about 20 tons.
Caravels were able to reach most parts of West Africa because they relied on heading south when they ran out of steam and then turning north toward Europe when they returned home. This saved money on repairs and gave them an advantage over ships that needed to stop at ports along the way to take on water or repair damage.
They also proved useful in transporting prisoners back from enslaved people who had been captured in battles with African rulers. The Portuguese government often compensated their enemies by freeing their slaves, which sometimes included high-ranking officials from surrounding countries.
In addition to their regular use by merchants, caravels participated in several important events in Portuguese history. One such incident occurred in 1443, when a caravel owned by Antonio Fernandes reached Calicut in India with news of a peaceful agreement having been reached with the Sultan of Malacca to end the conflict between them.
Because of its tiny size and shallow keel, the caravel could sail upriver in shallow coastal waters. It was very maneuverable with the lateen sails connected and could sail considerably closer to the coast, while it was incredibly fast with the square Atlantic-type sails attached. These sails were often used by caravels for chasing pirates.
The caravel was invented in Portugal and first appeared around 1450. It was later adopted in Spain and Africa. The term comes from the Portuguese word for canoe, which these ships resembled. The caravel was smaller than most ships of its time but still able to transport between 30 and 50 people.
These facts show that the caravel was not a simple small boat. It was rather a small ship designed for inland navigation purposes. The caravel's shallow draft allowed it to be driven right up to ports and riverside settlements. This made trade along the Portuguese coast possible when other ships might have found it too difficult to enter some ports because of their depth or location away from shore. Caravels played an important role in the early exploration of Europe's coastlines. They proved useful in exploring rivers that other boats could not reach and they were also good for searching out trading opportunities along the way.
In addition to being a ship, the caravel was also used as a prison during wars or after attacks from pirates.
A small medieval or later Spanish or Portuguese sailing vessel, generally lateen-rigged with two or three masts. The word is based on caravel, which means "chariot." These ships were used for transporting people and goods across the Atlantic Ocean.
The caravel was first used in Spain around 1450 and soon became popular throughout Europe. They were more stable than monohull vessels and did not suffer from rollers. Caravels also had the advantage of being able to sail close-hauled without risk of broaching over. This made them good traders as well as explorers. Although originally designed for oceanic trade, they eventually were used as military ships during wars or when customs officers were needed on inland waterways.
After the 16th century, when larger, better-armed ships began to appear, caravelles fell out of use except as cargo ships or fishing vessels. But they remain popular today in re-creation societies who build them according to old plans. These boats are now usually called barques because "caravel" has come to mean a small boat in general.
There are many stories about why the name "carvel" was chosen.
The modern classical sarod is around 100 cm (39 inches) long, with a slightly waisted wood body and a skin belly. The large fretless fingerboard on the broad neck is coated in metal to permit unique sliding pitches. It has a flat soundpost and a curved back that fits against your shoulder blade when you play.
The ancient Indian sarode was quite different. It was about two feet long (60 centimeters), with a bowl-shaped wooden body carved from a single piece of wood. The neck was made of maple and the pegbox was filled with ivory balls for the tuning pins. There were no frets, only smooth rounded surfaces called "nails" where the strings were tied to hold them in place.
The bow used to play the instrument was shaped like an arrow and had leather straps attached to it for carrying. The player would sit down while playing, just as today's violinists do. But instead of using pegs to tune his instrument, the sarod was tuned by moving the bones inside his arm to adjust the tension of the strings.
This musical instrument was played at royal ceremonies and also used in religious rituals. It has been estimated that during the Mughal era (1526-1858) there were around 200 musicians playing the sarod in India. Today this number has decreased since the instrument is no longer popular among young people.
Carabine. A fire-arm shorter and lighter than a musket, originally carrying a smaller ball, but later, for the sake of ammunition supply, throwing the same bullet as the musket, but with a smaller charge. Now used to denote any small firearm.
What Is the Appearance of a Shillelagh? A shillelagh is often a black stick with a polished wooden knob at the top as a handle. A shillelagh's length can vary substantially. Some are 4 to 5 feet long, while others are the length of a walking staff, measured from the floor to the wrist, which is around 3 feet long.
The term shillelagh is derived from the Irish language and means "little club." The original shillelagh was made from the wood of the wild fig tree. However, since that time, people have substituted other materials for parts of the figure. For example, some use maple instead of fig wood, and some add brass or silver knobs to give their shillelaghs an appearance similar to that of a baseball bat.
People sometimes call anything with a thick, round object attached to it a shillelagh. This includes items such as firewood, drumsticks, and even broom handles. But the real shillelagh is usually made from wood, with a thick, round object attached to it. This is because only a thin piece of metal or plastic will bend enough to give you a proper grip on it.
People also sometimes make shillelaghs out of non-biodegradable materials such as cardboard and plastic. While these shillelaghs may look nice, they cannot be used as normal sticks because you would not be able to pick them up without causing damage to your hands.