Traditional Japanese homes are composed of wood and supported by wooden pillars, while modern homes feature Western-style rooms with timber floors and are frequently built with steel pillars. However, an increasing number of families in cities are residing in massive, ferro-concrete apartment structures.
Japanese houses have only one floor with no underground parking facilities. If you walk down the street, you will see many houses with their gates open, which is a common sight in Japan because it allows visitors to take a quick peek inside the house.
They also have small windows, usually without glass, which let in plenty of air but little light. The doors are typically made out of wood and rely on sufficiency of space outside the door for anyone trying to enter or exit the house. There are no locks on Japanese doors; they simply hang on hinges.
There are several different types of Japanese houses. But generally, they can be divided into two categories: shoin-style houses and chalet-style houses. A shoin is a term used to describe a traditional Japanese house with a single room on the first level and a separate sleeping area on the second level. Each section of the house has its own bathroom facility. People who live in shoin houses tend to be older couples who do not need much room to move about in.
Why are Japanese buildings constructed of wood? – According to Quora. Brittle materials include bricks, stone, cement, and RCC. Because of its flexibility and elasticity, wood provides both strength and a cushioning effect. As a result, dwellings built of wood are more vulnerable to earthquakes. Traditional Japanese buildings were typically made of wood because it was available and affordable for most people. In modern times, however, concrete and steel have become important factors in building design.
Why are Japanese houses never covered with mud? The main reason is economy: putting up a roof would increase the cost of the house dramatically. Also, having a flat roof allows rain to drain away quickly and prevents flooding. A flat roof can also be used as an extension of the patio or garden.
Why are Japanese houses always white? In old Japan, there were only two colors used for walls: black and red. Both colors show respect for one's neighbors and could thus be found on houses together. After the Edo period, when money became more important than honor, other colors were added to the list. Today, white is the most popular color for homes in Japan.
People in Japan love their houses. They are shown great respect and often become symbols of pride for their owners.
One distinguishing feature of Japanese buildings is that they have a big roof with deep eaves to shield the house from the scorching summer sun, and the house structure supports the weight of the roof. House walls used to be built of woven bamboo coated with dirt on both sides. Now they are mostly made of concrete.
Traditional Japanese houses had only one floor, which was usually made of wood. But now many modern houses are also built with only one floor, which is cheaper to build and more energy-efficient. The upper part of the house contains several rooms: one or two bedrooms, a living room, a dining room, etc.
Japanese houses have an entrance on the first floor, which is the ground floor in America. No stairs or elevator are needed because the door from the entry way leads directly into the kitchen.
There is no such thing as a "basement" in Japan. If there's space below the ground level, it's used for parking or storage. There are some old Japanese homes where the ground floor has been converted into a living space by adding a floor of bricks or stone. These are called ochi-dori (literally "eye doors") because they look like small windows from the outside. Inside, they provide light and airiness.
People think that Japanese houses are simple because they don't have individual rooms for each member of the family.