The dwellings are quite robustly built and consist of rattan, bamboo, cork, or wood panels. On the left and right sides of a conventional stilt house, there are two staircases. The walls are constructed of thin planks. The roof is supported by one or two pillars and two beams. There is an opening for ventilation on the side opposite the door.
There are three main types of houses in Vietnam: wooden houses, brick houses, and concrete houses. Wooden houses are usually only found in rural areas where timber is available. They are traditionally made using tropical woods such as teak, camphor, and sandalwood. As with most things in Vietnam, these days they are also often made from plastic or aluminum instead. Where timber is not available, people will use bamboo or stone for their buildings. Brick houses are common in larger cities and generally have more amenities than wooden houses. Concrete houses are popular with farmers who want to build small homes that can be easily moved if necessary. All types of houses can be finished off with dry-laid ceramic tiles or painted any color you like.
People usually have more than one source of income to survive on. Some work in agriculture while others find employment in urban areas. Many young people leave the country to find work in other countries. In fact, around 10 percent of the population of Vietnam lives abroad because of this reason.
Stilt homes are constructed from wood, bamboo, cane, or rattan. Traditionally, a specific chamber for drying rice is located one or two steps below the main floor of a stilt house. Because the houses are built on stilts, there is an open area beneath the house that is normally kept unoccupied or used to keep livestock.
These days, stilt houses are becoming more and more popular in Vietnam, especially in rural areas where it is difficult to build quality bricks or mortar houses due to lack of resources. Stilt houses are easy to construct with simple tools, and can be moved if necessary. They also provide better protection from rain and wind than traditional houses.
In conclusion, stilt houses are usually made of wood, bamboo, cane, or rattan. These materials are available in most parts of Vietnam, allowing people to build their own home. If you want to live in a stilt house, first decide what kind you want to build and then find the right material. It isn't hard to do; just look around you and choose what you see. When you have found the materials, bring them back to the village and get help building your new home.
Curved gables above the porches connect two flat panels. People in Vietnam's Tay Nguyen (Central Highlands) construct massive stilt dwellings known as "rong." The ceiling of a rong, like the blade of a hole, is extremely steep and lofty. A balcony stands in front of a rong. These stilted buildings are used as community centers. The people of Hoa Lu have similar structures, but they are smaller and less ornate.
In Vietnamese villages, you will often find men with tools in hand, building something. If you ask them what they are building, you will usually get an answer such as "a house," or "a barn." In fact, these are not houses or barns at all! They are rongs. Rongs are unique to certain regions of Vietnam, but they share many similarities across their landscape.
Rongs are built for defense more than for accommodation. They serve as communal spaces where families can gather for celebrations and rituals. The residents of a rong work together to create a structure that fits within its surrounding environment. They use local materials and tools, depending on what is available to them. When completed, the rong provides shelter for up to six families.
People in Vietnam's Central Highlands rely on farming for their livelihood. They grow rice, corn, sugar cane, and some types of fruit. In addition, the women plant vegetables such as tomatoes, potatoes, and cucumbers in small gardens outside of their homes.
Vietnamese traditional wood architecture evolved from stilted buildings dating back to the Dong Son civilization (3rd century Be). Wooden dwellings on stilts may still be seen in the Tay, Nung, Thai, Muong, Ede, and Bahnar highlands and midlands. These structures were often only used during certain seasons of the year when it was not possible to live beneath the ground.
With time, these stilt houses were usually made of bamboo with some timber framing for stability. The introduction of concrete after World War II has had an enormous impact on Vietnamese architecture. Today, most wooden homes in Vietnam are built using concrete frames and finished with plaster or paint.
In the South, where rice is grown under rain-fed conditions, there are many more ancient sites with evidence of traditional architecture. The Trang era (1400-1769) saw the development of a new style of architecture that combined Chinese influences with local traditions. The royal court employed Chinese architects and craftsmen who worked on site to build the city of Huế. Their work included large palaces, temples, pagodas, and tombs carved out of single blocks of stone. These structures used unusual designs and techniques that would not be adopted by common people. For example, the royal tomb in Hoa Lu contains no door or window openings, just one enormous stone slab that can only be opened from the inside.