The sun, Louis XIV's emblem, was the garden's major symbol, as depicted by the figure of Apollo in the garden's central fountain. The monarch dominated over nature, replicating not just his dominance over his territory, but also over the court and his subjects, in the garden.
The ancien régime government that ruled France during the Sun King's reign had a strong influence on the design of his gardens. The aristocracy who owned most of the land on which the gardens were built wanted to show off their wealth and power and the best way to do this was through having beautiful gardens with many different types of plants and flowers. The more expensive the garden was, the more plants it contained.
In the early 17th century, the Italian style began to dominate French gardening. This was due to the fact that the first two kings of France, Louis XIII and Louis XIV, were both from Italy. They liked the idea of having beautiful landscapes full of unusual plants, like trees growing out of the ground or between other trees, which is why these kinds of gardens became popular.
Also, since they wanted to copy things that were considered great achievements at the time, such as the Roman Empire, the Italians were used because they were known for their knowledge of horticulture and botany.
The Gardens of Louis XIV Perspective as an art form In 1661, Louis XIV commissioned Andre Le Notre to design and renovate Versailles' gardens, which he regarded as equally significant as the palace. The gardens were built at the same time as the palace and took around 40 years to complete. They cover over 32 acres and are divided into four grand parcours (or "swards") - one each for flowers, trees, fountains, and games. Each sward is based on a different theme or device used by Le Notre in his designs for other royal gardens.
Cricket has only had 100 players who have scored 100 international centuries. The list is dominated by Indian names with Sachin Tendulkar being the most successful player with 12 hundreds. AB de Villiers is next with 10 centuries while India's Virat Kohli has managed only one century so far.
This record belongs to Charles Bannerman who scored 303 not out against England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in 1946-47. It was later equaled by Viv Richards but still stands as the highest individual score in test cricket history.
The Gardens of Versailles, built for Louis XIV in the 17th century by landscape architect Andre Le Notre and subsequently replicated by other European palaces, are often regarded as its pinnacle. The relationship between power and the French formal garden goes beyond imposing it on nature. It can also be said to have begun with Marie de' Medici, who was married to France's first monarch, Henry IV.
In addition to being a display of power and wealth, the French formal garden was also a place where the king or queen would meet their lovers under cover of darkness, so they were not seen by everyone. This practice, which was common until about 1720, made the gardens an important element in French culture.
During the 18th century, the French formal garden began to change direction towards more of a natural look. The new trend did not go over well with all visitors, especially English tourists, but it did help make way for another famous French garden designer: Jacques-Louis David. He is most known for his paintings of revolutionary events but he also designed some private gardens near Paris that use similar techniques to those used at Versailles.
After David, the next major figure in French garden design was Joseph-Marie Amiot, who was responsible for the Jardin d'Eau at Versailles before it was destroyed during the Revolution.
The gardens of Versailles featured fifteen groves during the reign of Louis XIV. They covered about 300 hectares (742 acres) at their peak in 1667.
In total, they included a variety of plants from all over the world that were cultivated in Europe at the time. The exotic trees, flowers, and vegetables that grew at Versailles formed the basis for European-style gardening with which we are still familiar today. For example, the English garden at Kensington Palace is thought to have been inspired by the French garden at Versailles.
During the 18th century, the gardens of Versailles were redesigned several times under the supervision of the famous gardener André Le Nôtre. They remain among the most beautiful and well-kept parks in Paris today.
It usually surrounded the ambulation or was built as a distinct oval-shaped area. Paths or walks were frequently built through the landscape. These were constructed from of loose stone, gravel, sand, or compacted soil. Many beautiful things were displayed in the gardens, including statues, frescoes, and sundials. Some even contained small aqueducts with flowing water.
The garden at Rome was used for many different purposes. It provided a place where people could socialize, make business deals, or just relax in the sun. The emperor's garden was the most important part of the estate because it showed off his wealth and status. The first-century AD poet Martial described it as follows: "The emperor's garden lies beyond the gate; there you will find myrtle and olive trees, along with other plants unknown to me."
In modern times, the word "garden" has become associated with plants that are kept for their beauty or decorative value. This is not what the Romans meant by a garden. They used the term to describe an area of land that included trees, flowers, grass, and any other forms of vegetation that were useful for food, fiber, or entertainment.
Some historians have suggested that the ancient Romans invented gardening because all they knew how to do was build roads and burn crops.