Ionic columns, marble imitations, and the slightly peripheral Greek temple construction are among the Greek characteristics in the Roman Temple of Portunus. A deep porch, the lack of statues in the pediment, and a central stairway leading up to the entry are all Etruscan features. The Etruscans introduced the idea of having no doorposts or gates between the outer wall and the interior of the temple. They also used hollow drums instead of pillars for supporting the roof.
The Greeks came up with the idea of having columns on both sides of the entrance way. They also used marble rather than wood for their building materials. Finally, they added decorative touches such as triglyphs (three horizontal grooves) and metopes (decorative panels placed above the doors of temples).
In conclusion, the Etruscan temple was the inspiration for the Greek temple. However, the Etruscan builders did not have metal tools so many of their buildings are made out of stone. They also used different materials for their building components which led to some unique architecture from country to country within ancient Greece.
Etruscan temples were comparable to Greek temples except that they only had columns in the front. They were composed of mud brick and terracotta and featured three cella, or enclosed worship halls. The Tuscan column, a wooden, unfluted column with a broad base, supported Etruscan temples. It was probably carved from a single trunk of a tree.
The word "temple" comes from the Latin templum, which means "shrine." Thus, a temple is any shrine. In ancient Greece, there were many types of shrines for various gods; some were sacred caves, others were-still are - tall structures with only one room. But all included a chamber where people could make offerings to the gods by placing food before an image or tablet depicting the god.
In early Roman religion, temples played an important role. There were almost 100 known temples built by this time, most of them constructed by wealthy individuals who wanted to show their support for the cult of their favorite deity. Some were large, such as that of Jupiter Capitolinus, while others were small, such as those dedicated to particular heroes or deities associated with a place.
A temple was usually made of stone or wood, but sometimes it was also made of metal (such as the famous Golden Temple). A temple might have only one room, as in the case of a shrine, or it could have several rooms.
Temples of Etruria The altar for sacrifice and religious rituals, like in Greece and Rome, was situated outside the temple. In Greek and Roman temples, the altar was usually located in a separate room called the atrium. In ancient Etruria, the altar was located outside the temple in a space called the temenos. This area was surrounded by a wall with open spaces where priests could perform certain actions like sacrificing animals or burning incense.
Etruscan Temples were sacred buildings where people could make sacrifices to the gods in order to get help from them in dealing with problems or issues that they might be facing. The most important part of any temple was the altar, which was where people brought their sacrifices. The Etruscans believed that food had spiritual power and that eating meat was taking life too seriously; thus, they preferred to eat meat only on special occasions.
People used to think that if you sacrificed something valuable like an animal or some money then the god would forgive you for any wrong doing. Today, we know that forgiveness comes from God alone. However, until recently, people still use sacrificial offerings to try and get things they want - like getting married or having a baby.
Etruscan temples were built on a pedestal that could only be reached from stairs in the front, as opposed to steps on all sides in Greek temples. There is no peristyle. Many Etruscan temples had simply frontal columns, rather than a peristyle around all four sides, as did many Greek temples. Cella on a building-wide scale. Cellas were used for storage space in Greek buildings, but also often included living quarters. An example of this can be seen at Halai Vrochia (the Black Harbor) in Greece where an Etruscan temple has been preserved intact inside of a larger Greek temple.
Greek and Etruscan cultures influenced one another greatly during their contact period, which lasted from about 1200 B.C. to 300 B.C. Etruscans brought with them new ideas about architecture and engineering that they applied to their own culture, while Greeks added more formal styles to what they already knew from earlier civilizations. Although both cultures constructed impressive monuments, it is likely that neither group fully understood how the other built their structures.
In conclusion, Greek and Etruscan temples have many things in common; however, they also have differences that make them unique. These differences make archaeological discoveries interesting!