The Alhambra was the palace and fortress of Granada's Moorish rulers. The name Alhambra, which means "the red" in Arabic, is most likely derived from the reddish color of the tapia (rammed dirt) on which the outer walls were erected.
The original Alhambra city was enclosed within a wall with gates that were protected by guard towers called guadames. The word "alhambra" comes from the Arabic for "red," referring to the color of the tapia on which the original buildings were constructed.
Granada became part of the Spanish empire in 1556 when King Ferdinand II inherited the throne from his father, Charles V. The new king wanted to make his kingdom feel more like an empire, so he commissioned architects and builders from all over Europe to help build his dream city: Granada. The construction site was located outside the old Arab city on land that had been given to the Christians when they conquered the area in 1492.
Alhambra is an important landmark in Granada because it shows what the city was like before it was invaded by the army of Christian kings. The main building is the royal palace, known as the Generalife. It covers an area of about 40,000 square meters (430,000 sq ft) and has a large central courtyard with two fountains.
The Alhambra is a historic palace, castle, and citadel in Granada, Spain. The location was called for the reddish walls and towers that ringed the citadel: al-qal'a al-hamra means "red fort or castle" in Arabic. The area was originally settled by humans around 3500 BC, and became part of the kingdom of Granada around 700 AD. The Muslims built on top of the churches and monasteries that had been built by the Christians.
The original fortress was built by the Moors between 791 and 852 AD to protect their new capital from invasion by Christian armies. The site was selected because it was high above sea level and there were no natural defenses. The first recorded king of all Granada was Muhammed V who reigned from 1717 to 1737. After his death, the throne went to his daughter Maria Teresa who managed to keep the country together until her death in 1780. Then the crown went to her son Charles III who ruled until 1819 when he was forced to flee the country during the Spanish revolution. He died in exile in France.
The new government wanted to show that Spain was still a monarchy even though the kings were gone so they declared Elizabeth II's sister Margarita as queen. She didn't want the job so she sent her husband Francisco de Borbón y Grecia to take care of it.
Alhambra de Granada/Province
The Alhambra is a historic palace, castle, and citadel in Granada, Spain. The location was called for the reddish walls and towers that ringed the citadel: al-qal'a al-hamra means "red fort or castle" in Arabic.
The Alhambra is a Spanish Moorish castle. The name "Alhambra" translates to "The Red Castle," and it was given that name because of its red-tiled facade. Mr. Sheppard arrived here on a brilliant moonlit night and, enthralled by the grandeur of the landscape, believed the name "Alhambra" was particularly appropriate. He wrote back to his friend describing how beautiful the place was and saying that he hoped they would some day build a similar castle in England.
In fact, the first Alhambra was not built until after Mr. Sheppard's death, so he never saw it. But his description of it being like a "red castle on a green hillside" was enough for people to come here from all over Europe to see it for themselves.
The original Alhambra was a military fortress constructed by King Alfonso VIII in 1188 to protect his city of Granada from invasion. It was used as a palace by different members of the royal family over the next two centuries, but when Napoleon invaded Spain in 1808 he too used it as a palace. After his defeat at Waterloo, the Spanish government decided to sell off many of their properties, including the Alhambra. A British army officer bought it this time for £80,000 (about $1.5 million today) and had it shipped to Britain where it still stands today near London as one of the world's greatest examples of medieval Islamic architecture.