The Mansard Roof A mansard roof has four sloping sides. It is a four-sided gabled roof, which implies it has a slope on all four sides. The lower slope has a steeper angle and the higher slope has a broader angle. The bottom floor is steeper and has more windows, allowing for greater space for more rooms. The top floor is flatter with fewer windows and less room.
The Dutch Gable Roof The Dutch gable roof is similar to the mansard roof but instead of one flat side, it has two that meet at a point. This point can be above the wall line or below it. The upper corner is the most tapered and resembles a tip of a hat. This roof is most common in the Netherlands where it is known as a "Nederlands".
The Spanish Two-Story House The two-story house has its ground floor used for commercial or industrial purposes while the first floor is used for living accommodations. These houses are very common in Spain where they are known as "pisos" or "habitationes."
The French House The French house has an entrance on the ground floor followed by a stairway and an exit onto a small front yard or garden. There may be another door from the house into a basement apartment, but this is unusual for a main residence.
Mansard Roofs A mansard roof, also known as a French roof or curb roof, is a four-sided gambrel-style hip roof with two slopes on each side. The lower slope, which contains dormer windows, is steeper than the higher slope. It is named for its inventor, Andre Mansart.
There are several varieties of mansard roofs including: half, three-quarter, and full. A half mansard roof is two-thirds of the way between a conventional roof and a gable roof. A quarter mansards have slopes of about 11 degrees instead of the usual 16 or 17 degrees. This makes them look like small mansards from which the term "half" has been removed. Full mansard roofs are completely flat, like a shingle roof. They are used mainly on commercial buildings because they are easy to clean.
The steepness of the roof's sides determines how much overhang there is below it. If the roof is very steep, such as on a castle turret, then little if any overhang will be seen outside of normal weathering effects. If the roof is not so steep, then some form of eave protection is needed to keep water off the roof's surface. Eaves are the projecting edges of the roof that provide this protection. They can be made of wood, metal, or concrete and serve the same purpose of preventing water from flowing down the sides of the building.
The gambrel roof is a sort of gable roof that has two slopes on each side, with the top slope being less steep than the lower. The mansard roof is a hipped gambrel roof, which means it has two slopes on each side. The third common type of gambrel roof is called a Dutch or Flemish gable roof because it looks like one from the outside.
Dutch gables have four supporting posts instead of two. They are more stable than gambrel roofs and commonly used for large buildings such as churches. Dutch gables can be found all over the world, but they are most common in the Netherlands, Belgium, and Germany. Some famous buildings with dutch gables include the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, France, and the Church of Our Lady in Brussels.
Flemish gables have three supporting posts instead of four. They are more stable than Dutch gables and commonly used for large buildings such as churches. Flemish gables can be found all over Europe, but they are most common in Belgium and France. Some famous buildings with flemish gables include the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, France, and the Abbey of St. Peter in Rome, Italy.
Gambrel roofs are most often seen on barns because they are easy to build and look attractive.
The roof is longer on one side than the other, giving the home a unique appearance. This is an idea from the twentieth century that is employed in independent residences. For greater outcomes, this roof type also attempts to attain a higher pitch. Another common choice for home owners is the Gambrel roof. It has two parallel beams with half-timbers connecting them at right angles. These roofs are easy to build and come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes.
The most common roof type for homes is the flat or level roof. It consists of a single layer of boards attached to each other with nails or screws. The edges of the boards are not beveled like those of a shingle roof; instead, they are straight across. Flat roofs are easy to maintain and long lasting.
As you can see, there are many different kinds of roofs available for use on homes. All of these roofs serve different purposes but they all have two things in common: ease of construction and durability. There are people who know how to build houses with little or no help from others, and then there are people like me who need some guidance along the way. Regardless of your skill set, there is always a good roof out there for you to choose!
Roofs keep out the weather and provide protection for our homes. They also connect one room to another, so they play an important role in allowing us to live in these structures.