Modernist architects like as Mies van der Rohe were heavily affected by Sullivan's motto, emphasizing function and design from the inside out to represent the purpose of the structure. Modernism prioritized function over form, yet form was the foundation of function. Without form, there is only function. The exterior of a building should be designed with functional requirements in mind; for example, it should be able to withstand the elements without leaking.
They also took inspiration from nature, especially plants, and used this as a source of freedom in design. For example, they would use straight lines instead of curves because they think that humans are not meant to live under trees. They also disliked ornamentation on buildings because they thought that it was unnecessary and could even be harmful since it could distract people away from what matters most - the function of the building.
Finally, modernists rejected art for art's sake because they believed that function was more important than beauty. They wanted buildings to be useful and efficient so they could serve their purpose well.
These are just some of the many factors that contributed to the rise of modernist architecture.
Modernism embraced new materials and modern technology while discarding old, conventional, historical concepts and styles, as well as adornment, in its pursuit of order and universals in architecture. Modernism stressed function, simplicity, and reason while also introducing new forms of expression and a new aesthetic. The defining characteristics of modern architecture are the absence of ornamentation and the use of functional materials in design.
Modern architects such as Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe, and Walter Gropius introduced new techniques into architectural practice that were later adopted by other designers. They promoted the idea that architecture should be autonomous from other art forms and have its own unique language that would express the spirit of the time. This led to the development of new types of buildings with no resemblance to traditional houses from around the world. These include factories, offices, schools, hospitals, and apartments. Architects such as Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and George Nelson used industrial materials in their designs which at the time was unusual because traditionally wood has been used for construction. During this period, steel became more popular but only after it had been used for manufacturing ships, bridges, and trains first.
The work of several architects in Europe and America in the 1920s and 1930s is credited with establishing modern architecture as an independent discipline. The most important figures are Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe, and Walter Gropius.
Important Takeaways Architect Louis H. Sullivan developed the expression "form follows function" in his 1896 article "The Tall Office Building Artistically Considered." The term alludes to the concept that the outer architecture of a skyscraper should represent the many inside functions. For example, if there were a fire on the thirtieth floor, it would not be appropriate for that area to have the same decorative treatment as other floors.
Sullivan also believed that buildings should be designed with human welfare in mind. He argued that tall office buildings could provide healthful work environments by allowing more natural light into the offices and by reducing noise levels. He also thought they might help prevent suicides by preventing feelings of depression among employees who felt isolated from their colleagues during periods of heavy construction.
In conclusion, Louis Sullivan proved to be one of the first architects to put functionalism before aesthetics. His ideas helped bring about the modern office building era, which lasted until around 1960. Although some critics claim that this style of building has been used since then, the modern office building actually came into being in New York City in the early 20th century.