Antoni Gaudi's Casa Mila seems more organic than manufactured, with its undulating exterior and surrealist sculptural roof, as if it were cut right from the earth. The quarry, known as La Pedera, was influenced by the Modernista style, Spain's equivalent of Art Nouveau. But while Art Nouveau is all about curves and flowers, this new architecture was more practical: the curved walls would allow more light into the house and the sculptures were used to hide the plumbing and wiring behind the surface of the wall.
Casa Mila was designed for one of Antoni Gaudí's many clients, but since then it has been adapted several times for other uses. It is now a museum that has been opened up to the public.
Antoni Gaudí died in 1926 at the age of 53, but his unique and beautiful designs have become an important part of modern Barcelona life. He has had an enormous influence on other architects who have worked in Catalonia since his death, including Josep Lluís Sert (1931-2019). In 1995, Sert completed the second version of Casa Mila, which remains today as one of Barcelona's most distinctive buildings.
You can see both versions of Casa Mila inside the museum. They are very different from each other: the first version was built between 1906 and 1910 and it shows Gaudí's early experimental style.
Casa Mila (1906–1922) is Antoni Gaudi's most renowned work of municipal architecture because of its structural and functional breakthroughs, as well as its aesthetic and decorative solutions. It is a complete work of art. "Art is created by humans for humans, thus it must be sensible." This is the guiding principle that drives Antoni Gaudí to create Casa Mila. He believes that a house should be capable of withstanding harsh weather conditions and should also be able to reflect how we want to live our lives today: comfortably and efficiently.
In addition to being a complete work of art, Casa Mila also had innovative design features that are still used in modern buildings. For example, its roof is made up of sloping planes connected by thin columns called "bundles". These bundles are then covered with ceramic tiles produced by the same company that makes tiles for the church next door!
Casa Mila was designed for Francesc Macià, one of the leading figures in Catalan history. The building was completed in two years after Macià donated half of his estate to the city government for the purpose of creating an orphanage. The building was originally going to have apartments but when it became clear that no one would be willing to rent them, it was decided to make it an orphanage instead. As you can imagine, these children needed a permanent home and so they were given this amazing building to call their own.
True to his approach, Antonio Gaudi was inspired by nature to develop structural solutions and aesthetic embellishments for the structure. Despite the fact that Casa Mila is a well-known edifice, here are a few items that add to the rich narrative of Casa Mila. These include the use of glass in the building's walls and ceilings, which provides an unobstructed view of the Barcelona sky above.
Casa Mila has been praised for its innovative design and its influence on modern architecture. The building's colorful exterior, its unusual shape, and its unique design features have made it one of Barcelona's most recognizable buildings.
It is estimated that Casa Mila took ten years to complete. The architect began work on this project in 1883 and it was completed in 1893. The main body of the house sits on eight large pillars that support a triangular pediment. The floor plan is an inverted "Y" with four floors connected by a spiral staircase. The first two floors contain the living room, dining room, and kitchen while the third floor consists of a single large bedroom and bathroom. The fourth floor is an attic space that can be used as a library or storage area. The remaining floor is covered in glass, which provides a view of the city below.
Antoni Gaudi is well recognized for his contributions to the Modernisme movement in the nineteenth and twentieth century. The Catalan architect is responsible for some of Barcelona's most renowned structures, including the Sagrada Familia and Casa Mila, and draws influence from popular neo-Gothic and organic styles of the period.
In 1883, the year that he graduated from architecture school, Antoni Gaudí entered into a competition held by the city of Barcelona to design an architectural ornament for the main entrance of the Montjuïc castle. The monument was to be placed on top of a pillar with the inscription "A Monument to the Memory of Catalunya". It was this project that sparked his interest in designing larger-scale projects such as churches and schools. He went on to create many more designs for monuments and buildings throughout Catalonia and Europe.
Many of Gaudí's designs include unique features not found in other architects' work of the time, such as exposed structural beams and pillars, non-traditional floor plans, and chiseled ornamentation. These aspects of Gaudí's work attracted criticism from some contemporaries who believed that he had abandoned the principles of classical architecture for something closer to medieval Gothic architecture. However, others praised his innovative approach and original style which have led to him being called the father of modern architecture.
After graduating from university, Gaudí set up his own practice in Barcelona.
Following that, you'll witness three stunning structures constructed by Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi: Casa Batllo, Casa Mila, and Casa Vicens. These structures are famous for their Catalan Modernist style, an aesthetic trend born out of and in contrast to the 19th-century Modernist movement. You can learn more about these architects on our Modernism in Spain page.
Spain's Architectural Style Antoni Gaudi was the most well-known Spanish architect and one of the most eccentric architects of the early twentieth century. He established a distinct style evocative of the Mudejar, an architectural style that combines Muslim and Christian architecture, using an eclectic approach. His work includes buildings such as the Park Guell in Barcelona, Spain, and the Sagrada Familia in Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
Spanish architecture has been influenced by many other cultures throughout its history. The Moors introduced Islamic styles into Spain, while French and German influences can be seen in building designs after 1713 when King Philip V abolished the practice of awarding commissions to foreign architects.
After the Napoleonic Wars, Spain became a constitutional monarchy under King Ferdinand VII, who ruled from 1815 to 1833. During this time, no new styles emerged for several reasons. First, there were not enough funds available for construction projects. Second, since independence from France had only recently been achieved, many Spaniards were not ready to accept new ideas or techniques. Finally, King Ferdinand was interested mainly in importing French furniture and paintings rather than designing new houses himself.
However, in 1847, a new monarch was crowned: Isabel II. She was very fond of France and imported many French architects to Madrid to help with city planning activities and design royal residences.