A pedestal is a support or base for a column, statue, vase, or obelisk in Classical architecture. A pedestal of this type might be square, octagonal, or round. The vertical members that divide the portions of a railing are also known by this term. A single pedestal can also support a colonnade of columns. Colonnades are large groups of columns surrounding an open area.
In Renaissance and Baroque architecture, the word "pedestal" was often used to describe any flat surface, such as a table-top, upon which something valuable or significant was displayed. For example, if an artist were to paint a portrait on a table top, it would be called a "portrait on a pedestal." Today, this usage has been expanded to include any work of art that is set apart from its surroundings and placed on display.
The word "pedestal" comes from the Latin word pedes, meaning "feet," because these surfaces were usually shaped like a foot (or part of a foot).
In Christian churches, the altar is generally considered the primary place where prayer and sacrifice are made to God. So, an important part of church architecture is the design of the sanctuary, which includes things like pews and altars. Before the modern era, the only way to decorate a church was with paintings or sculptures.
The term "column" refers to a massive spherical support (the shaft of the column) with a capital and a base or pedestal that is or seems to be built of stone. A post is a tiny wooden or metal support, while piers are non-round supports having a rectangular or other non-round shape. The column itself can be either vertical or horizontal.
A column may be any one of several different shapes, but they usually take the form of a cylinder or barrel. They may be straight or have an indentation at the top for attaching a beam or roof. Some columns have flat surfaces on which to place materials such as tiles or flat boards. These are called lintels. Other columns have curved surfaces for placing materials, these are called caps. Still others have multiple curves, both inside and outside their perimeter; these are called medians. Some columns have complex shapes that use more than one element in design; for example, a column might be part cylinder and part cube.
Columns provide structural support for buildings and bridges. They also provide a stable surface upon which to place further beams or roofs. Without columns it would be difficult or impossible to build much beyond the ground level.
In architecture, a column is a structure supporting a heavy load, especially one that gives stability to a building or bridge. It may be made of wood, steel, concrete, or another material as appropriate for its purpose.
A column is a vertical feature in architecture that is generally a rounded shaft with a capital and a base that acts as a support. A column can also be non-structural, serving a decorative purpose or standing alone as a memorial. In mathematics, a column is any object upon which other objects are based for support.
The word "column" comes from the Latin word columna, meaning "steeple". Originally used to describe the tower of a church cathedral or similar tall structure, it has since become a generic term for any pillar, post, tree, etc., on which others are based for support.
Columns are used to support heavy loads, such as those from flat roofs or upper floors, and to provide stability when built into the ground. They may also be used as decoration or to give shape to buildings. The ancient Greeks and Romans used columns to create open air markets where goods were displayed for sale. These structures were called agora's (singular: ager) or marketplaces. Modern versions of these types of facilities can be found in cities around the world.
In architecture, a column is a structural element forming the body or supporting portion of a building. It provides mechanical support for the floor above or below it and may also serve a decorative function. Columns are usually cylindrical or rectangular in cross section, but other shapes are used too.
Beyond the Classical Explanation A column is an upright pillar or post in architecture. A colonnade is a row of columns. Therefore, a column is equivalent to a colonnade.
Axisymmetrical columns are vertical load-bearing components that primarily carry axial compressive loads. This structural element is utilized to transfer the structure's load to the foundation. Beams, floors, and columns in reinforced concrete buildings are cast monolithically. Columns used in masonry buildings may be either cast or carved from solid pieces of rock or brick.
The term "column" applies to any slender, upright, transverse member connecting two parts of a building. It is usually hollow so that it can support heavy loads from above and transmit these loads down to the ground. A column is called a post if it is solid across its whole width including its base. If not, then it is called a beam. A column must be at least as wide as it is high. Smaller dimensions would not be strong enough to bear weight. The type of column we are interested in here is called a "monolithic column". This means that the column is made up of only one piece of material with no internal divisions or sections. For example, a column might be made out of steel or wood.
A column will always be described by its diameter, which is the distance from the center of one face to the same face of an adjacent column. Diameters are usually given as fractions or percentages of the height of the column, but they can also be given in terms of actual distances using mathematical formulas.