A column is a vertical feature in architecture that is often a rounded shaft with a capital and a base that acts as a support in most circumstances. A column can also be non-structural, serving a decorative purpose or standing alone as a memorial. In buildings designed by James and John Adam, columns are used to provide structural stability to the building.
The word "column" comes from the Latin word columna meaning "steeple". Originally, these were tall slender towers built at important crossroads to mark the location of holy sites. As time passed, they became larger and more elaborate, and by the 11th century, European churches had columns supporting vaults.
In classical architecture, columns are an important aspect in designing a structure. They provide support for roofs and ceilings and often serve as entrances into buildings. Columns are one of the most common elements used in architecture and can be made out of many different materials including wood, metal, and stone. There are several different types of columns including Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
In medieval architecture, columns usually contain images that represent the saints commemorated by the church. These columns are called "stained glass columns".
In modern architecture, columns typically have four surfaces: an upper surface, a lower surface, a front face, and a back face.
Columns are commonly employed to support beams or arches that support the top portions of walls or ceilings. In architecture, a "column" is a structural element with proportional and ornamental characteristics. It provides support for an elevated surface such as a ceiling or roof. In building construction, the term column is also applied to any supporting structure including but not limited to posts, uprights, and bars.
The word comes from the Latin columna, which means "column". In architecture, a column is a slender, often cylindrical object used as a support for structures such as ceilings or roofs. Columns may be made of wood, metal, or concrete and range in size from miniature trees to large buildings.
In engineering, a column is a rigid bar or beam designed to provide lateral support against overturning. They are usually found in pairs (one on each side of the frame) and connect the main body of the vehicle to its chassis. A column can be part of a total weight-distribution system. In this case, it would have to be strong enough to carry its share of the load when the rest of the system is compromised (for example, if one of the other parts breaks). A column cannot break; instead, it collapses inward toward its center under excessive loading.
A column is a vertical structural element that is used to convey compressive loads. Columns are often made of compressive-strength materials such as stone, brick, block, concrete, wood, steel, and so forth. The term "column" can also refer to the human body's central supporting bone, known as the columna vertebrae (koe lee moan dong). The word comes from the Latin word for "spindle" or "axle". The bones that form the columns of the skull are called the axial skeleton. They are referred to as the central nervous system because they connect all the other bones of the body to the brain and spinal cord.
Columns are used in architecture to support ceilings and floors above them. They can be made of any material that will not collapse under its own weight, such as stone, brick, block, concrete, metal, and so on. The term is most commonly associated with structures such as buildings and bridges that use wooden beams inside columns to provide lateral strength and stability when under load. The beams inside the columns transfer both compression and tension forces along their length to the piers that anchor them to the ground or floor. This allows the structure to remain standing even if one of its members fails.
There are several types of columns including: free-standing columns, wall-mounted columns, and ceiling-supported columns.