In Greco-Roman Classical architecture, the frieze is the middle of the three principal divisions of an entablature (part resting on the capital). The frieze is located above the architrave and beneath the cornice (in a position that could be quite difficult to view). It usually continues around the entire building, but sometimes it is divided into two or more parts by a band of sculpture. Examples of this type of sculpture include metopes (sections of a wall or entranceway), triglyphs (three-sided panels used as doorjambs), and diagonals (lines connecting pairs of opposite corners). Figures carved into the frieze represent animals, warriors, deities, etc.
The word "frieze" comes from the Latin word friare meaning "to fry". This refers to the practice during the Roman Empire of baking clay figures on plates called friezes and then burying them under layers of sand to protect them from damage caused by rain or snow. When excavated later, these figures would be found still soft so they could be painted over time until they were completely covered in color.
In modern buildings, the term frieze is applied to any horizontal band of sculpture below the entablature. In addition to being decorative, the purpose of a frieze is to provide structural support for the building by acting as an attachment point for metal members hidden behind the walls or ceilings.
The frieze, which sits beneath the cornice and above the architrave, is the focal point of the entablature. The frieze might be simple or ornamented in relief. In classical architecture, it usually depicts animals, such as lions and elephants, but also often included are other figures such as warriors and priests.
The word "frieze" comes from Latin frisia, meaning "an image carved on wood," and refers to any art work that is inserted between panels or walls. It is usually made up of small images called triglyphs and metopes. Triglyphs have three incised lines running vertically, while metopes have two incised lines crossing each other at right angles (90 degrees).
In Greek and Roman architecture, the term "entablature" referred to the flat surface attached to the sides of the roof beam or architrave on which the architrave itself was mounted. This is why the frieze is said to be "under" the entablature. The word "entablature" comes from the Greek anti-kteon, meaning "against the wall."
In classical architecture, the frieze was usually made of stone, but sometimes also of marble or wood.
A frieze is a long and thin sculptural strip that runs down the middle of an entablature in Ancient Greece and Rome and is utilized for ornamental purposes. It is located on top of the column capitals, between the architrave at the bottom and the cornice at the top. The word is derived from the Greek φριζί (frizei), which means "to cut into strips". In art history, a frieze is a series of paintings or sculptures that cover a wall or large panel. The word is used especially when the subject matter is abstract or figurative elements are arranged in parallel lines.
Friezes were originally incorporated into buildings as architectural decoration during the Archaic period in ancient Greece. They were created from hard materials such as stone and metal and often included intagliated images of animals and humans. As architecture changed throughout history, so did the subject matter of the friezes. By the Roman Empire era, they were mostly depictions of mythological subjects.
In medieval Europe, a frieze was a horizontal board above a window or door that contained decorative carving. The term still applies to such boards today but now usually refers to those in public buildings with more modern additions such as windows and doors.
In Japan, a frieze is a flat surface covered with plaster or clay incised with designs for viewing by royalty or the elite.
The frieze is the middle part of an entablature, situated between the architrave and the cornice. In classical architecture, a pediment is a low-pitched gable or triangular section produced by the two slopes of a temple's low-pitched roof, framed by horizontal and raking cornices and occasionally filled with sculpture. The word "pediment" comes from the Greek πέδιμα which means "footprint". In ancient Greece, before buildings were plastered over, their exterior walls would be painted with geometric designs in black and white, usually including a few colors such as red or yellow. These designs were called "footprints of the gods" because they prevented the wall from crumbling under the weight of snow and rain.
In modern architecture, a pediment is often used instead of a window or door opening. It can also serve as a decorative element above a doorway or window opening, as on the West Front of the United States Capitol building.
The term "frieze" is applied to any wide band or strip, especially one made of metal or other material like ivory or wood, used for decorating buildings or furniture. The word comes from the Latin friare meaning to fry or broil meat on a grill.
The term "cornice" is applied to any upper edge or line where two surfaces meet, such as the top edge of a wall and the peak of a roof.
The frieze of a room is the part of wall above the picture rail and beneath the crown moldings or cornice in interior design. A frieze, by extension, is a long stretch of painted, sculpted, or even calligraphic ornamentation in this location, usually above eye level. In architecture, the term frieze is used for any horizontal band or section of a building's surface decoration.
In many houses built before World War II, the foyer is divided from the living room by a counterpointing theme of art deco and modernist sculpture. The foyer is often marked by a large crystal chandelier, while the living room may have a woodburning fireplace. An elevator takes visitors between the two rooms with a view of an interior courtyard.
People love to visit houses with beautiful foyers. If you are thinking about selling your house fast, make sure that you take care of all of the clutter inside the foyer. Use magazine racks to display magazines, and keep mail and packages off the floor. Make sure that there are no toys lying around in the foyer, as this will make it seem like too much work for the parents if they have to clean it out.
After you have cleaned out the foyer, you can start thinking about what kind of decor will go with these sculptures and candles. You could use pale colors on the walls, and add some plants to give the space more life.
The architrave, frieze, and cornice are the three components of a Doric entablature. The architrave is made up of stone lintels that span the gap between the columns. The frieze, one of the major areas of sculptural decoration, sits atop this. The frieze is split into two sections: triglyps and metopes. Triglyps are three-inch (7.5 cm) blocks with a decorative sculpture on each side. Metopes are six-inch (15 cm) blocks with a decorative carving at the center.
Doric order had no acanthus or other naturalistic plantings as adornments to its temples. Instead, the artist used geometry to create an effect of movement and vitality out of simple shapes. The frieze was divided into blocks with varying sizes and shapes of holes drilled through them. These holes were used for tying off the cords that held the roof tiles in place.
The main purpose of the frieze was to display sculptures of animals, warriors, gods, and other themes relevant to Greek religion at the time. However, since the triglyps were available only after finishing the metope, many artists chose instead to work on these smaller pieces first. This allowed them to test out new ideas before committing to larger projects. Some artists even used the holes in the triglyphs to store pigments while they worked.
Overall, the Doric temple style was used primarily for religious structures.