Country mansions and spectacular follies Gothic architecture is as diverse as it is formidable, ranging from medieval castles to Victorian houses. Vaulted ceilings, arched windows, and decorative embellishments like flying buttresses and the odd leering gargoyle are hallmarks of this dramatic design. The term "Gothic" comes from the French word for Germania, which was the name given to Germany before it became civilized.
Gothic architecture evolved in Europe beginning in the 11th century. It was used mainly to build churches but some private homes were also constructed using this style. The name "Gothic" comes from the German word for Germany, which was the name given to Germany before it became civilized.
The most famous example of Gothic architecture is Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome. It's a magnificent church that contains the tomb of Pope St. Pierre II. The original structure was built in the 1220s but it was later rebuilt after earthquakes in 1347 and 1456. Today, it's regarded as one of the greatest works of Gothic art.
Other notable examples of Gothic churches include the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, France; Lincoln Cathedral in England; and Balmoral Castle in Scotland.
Gothic architecture also appeared in town centers and on royal residences. One of the best-known examples is Oxford University's Christ Church College.
Gothic architecture is as diverse as it is formidable, ranging from medieval castles to Victorian houses. The Gothic Revival style was popular in the early 19th century, when wealthy Americans wanted something more elaborate than a classical home. They hired architects who were experienced with European buildings to copy them down to earth. These new homes bore no resemblance to the simple rectangular boxes that characterise American architecture after 1780. Instead, they were richly decorated, often including towers, gables, and other Gothic features.
During this time, the term "Gothic" also began to be used for certain interior decorations and furniture that had nothing to do with architecture. Soon after, "Gothic Revival" came into being, which refers to any style of building or design that uses elements from the Gothic era but is not necessarily restricted to architecture. This includes furniture, glassware, even jewelry. By the late 1800s, the Gothic style was also starting to appear in American commercial buildings, such as banks and railroad stations. However, it was not until the early 20th century that the style became popular again, this time for home design. Today, many modern homes feature Gothic accents, such as pointed-arch doorways and windows, vaulted ceilings, and even spires.
Gothic style architecture makes up most of what we see today, with some Renaissance additions. The cathedral was built between 1298 and 1516 under the direction of Arnolfo di Cambio.
The building follows the traditional Roman model for a Christian church: a nave with a central tower and a single dome. The exterior is divided into three parts: the narthex (portico), the body of the church (nave and aisles), and the choir (where the priest lived). The interior features many beautiful sculptures and paintings.
The cathedral has been designated as one of Italy's UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1979. It is the largest Gothic cathedral in Europe.
Florence also has several other notable churches: San Lorenzo, Santa Maria del Carmine, Santa Felicita, Sant'Egidio, and San Giovanni Evangelista. Each one has its own unique style and history; however, all are considered part of the Gothic movement.
During the Renaissance, a new architectural style evolved in Europe that mixed the Byzantine and Arab styles with Italian ideals of grace, beauty, and harmony.
Gothic architecture (or pointed architecture) was a popular architectural style in Europe from the late 12th century through the 16th century, spanning the High and Late Middle Ages, with some examples surviving into the 17th and 18th centuries. Buildings in this style are often named for their appearance, such as Gothic rooms or Gothic windows. They are also called pointed archies or pointed buildings.
Gothic architecture evolved from Romanesque architecture by introducing tracery into the window arches instead of round-headed openings. The pointed arch is the most obvious feature of a Gothic window but there are other features including ribbed vaults, which provide more space within the building, and shorter vertical lines than those found in Romanesque structures. The term "Gothic" originally described the decoration used on church buildings during this time period but it is now used to describe any one of several related but different styles that began in Europe around 1200 and continued into the 1530s.
In English usage, the term Gothic refers to a style or genre of art or architecture that developed in Europe between about 1150 and 1500 and is characterized by pointed arches, vaults, windows, and chimneys with decorative finials and parapets. The Gothic style was introduced to America via the British colonies, and today many American churches built before 1800 are considered to be representative of the style.
While the Gothic style varies depending on location, age, and kind of structure, it is frequently distinguished by five major architectural elements: huge stained glass windows, pointed arches, ribbed vaults, flying buttresses, and rich ornamentation. These elements can be found in many different combinations in various buildings around the world.
Stained glass windows were important features of Gothic architecture, used to great effect to let in light while still providing visual interest. They usually occupied large areas of wall space and could be as tall as the building itself. Some stained glass was painted, but generally it was left in its natural state (although colors might be added to match the decor) so that it could be seen clearly from outside the building. The most famous stained glass artist of all time was Sir Edward Burne-Jones, who created a series of 36 paintings for the Oxford University Museum of Natural History entitled "The Works of God". These pictures, which include scenes from nature and mythology, use bright colors and elaborate design patterns to appeal to children.
Pointed arches support structures above doorways or windows and give rise to the name "Gothic" for this architectural style. Although pointed arching had been used before in Europe, it became popular again after 1140 when French architect Viollet-le-Duc first described its application as a structural system.