An arcade is a sequence of arches supported by columns or piers, a corridor between arches and a solid wall, or a covered walkway providing access to neighbouring stores in architecture. The word is also used for any similar structure.
As you can see, an arcade is a beautiful thing that has many different uses. It can be as simple as two pillars with a roof built over it or as complex as a city block full of shops with separate entrances but connected by an arcade. No matter what kind of arcade you have, you should enjoy looking at them because they are fun to study and very useful. They show history through their design and people have used them for different purposes throughout time.
Did you know that the top floor of some buildings is called the "roof garden" because it provides a pleasant environment even when it's not sunny outside? That's right! Inside an arcade on a rainy day, there will be plenty of light from the windows around its perimeter. If one of the shops on the block closes, the owner can simply remove the fixtures inside the arcade and it will still provide shade for its surrounding area.
Arcades are found all over the world in various sizes and shapes. Some famous examples can be seen in Paris, France, and Melbourne, Australia.
The pointed arch is employed in Gothic architecture whenever an arch is required, both for strength and for ornament. Pointed arches can be seen in Gothic openings such as entrances, windows, arcades, and galleries. A row of arches is referred to as an arcade. A gallery is a high row of arches on a structure. An open loggia is a large area with columns separating several rooms or suites. It was commonly found in Italian buildings in the 14th century.
The term "Gothic arch" is also used for other types of arches. For example, a semicircular arch is called a "Gothic arch". However, only the pointed arch is used in true Gothic architecture. The French term for Gothic architecture is "Gothique", or sometimes "Gothic style".
In English-speaking countries, the Gothic arch is usually illustrated with four elements: a keystone, voussoirs, abutments, and tracery. These terms describe the parts of the arch that resist compression under weight or pressure. The keystone is the most important element because it connects each side of the arch together at one point and gives the arch its characteristic shape. The keystone is generally represented as an inverted T. The voussoirs are the vertical stones that form the sides of the arch; there will usually be two per abutment. The abutments are the horizontal members on which the voussoirs sit.
The Romans employed stone arches with round tops, known as "rounded arches." An arcade is a sequence of parallel rounded arches. The word comes from the Latin for "radiate," which describes the pattern made by beams supporting the arches.
Arches were used for bridges, but also for openings in walls and buildings. They could be constructed of wood or stone. Bridge arches have been found dating back to about 300 B.C., so they were in use long before the first arch bridge was built around 400 A.D. By the late 4th century A.D., there were apparently already architects practicing in Rome who specialized in designing arches.
The Romans made extensive use of the bridge arch, which they called an "ogee" or "crocketed" arch. This type of arch has two curves: one downward into the middle part of the span, where it becomes horizontal; the other upward at the end, where it meets the vertical wall of the next arch or pier. The result is a smooth flowing line without any sharp corners.
An important factor in determining how much weight a bridge can carry is the distance between the bottoms of the arches.
Arches were utilized to bridge holes, while barrel vaults were employed to cover enormous areas. A barrel vault is a tunnel formed by a sequence of circular arches running from front to rear. They are used to span large rooms or open spaces, such as halls or courts.
Barrel vaults were first used in the 5th century BC in Greece. They were initially made out of wood but later also used stone. The Romans adopted this type of roof construction and used it to cover large parts of their buildings.
Barrel vaults can be divided into three parts: the springing, the nave and the apex. The springing is the part where the vault meets the wall at a slight angle. The nave is the main body of the vault where the ceiling ribs converge toward the center. The apex is the top part where the vault meets the roof. It usually has one or more openings for lighting purposes or for viewing art works.
Barrel vaults are very efficient structures which reduce loading on the walls and allow more light inside the building. They also provide good ventilation since air can flow through them easily.
The weight of the vaulted ceilings depends on many factors such as size, shape, material properties and design details.