Architectural theory of massing The term "massing" refers to the structure in three dimensions (form), rather than only its contour from a single perspective (shape). Massing effects the perception of space that a structure encloses and aids in the definition of both the inner space and the outward shape of the building. Architect Louis Kahn described massing as "the art of putting things together."
In architecture, masonry is the material used to build walls, floors, and other structures up to about six stories high. In buildings more than six stories high, wood or concrete frames are used inside steel or aluminum sheathing to support the exterior wall surfaces. Masonry buildings were very common before the development of modern building materials and techniques; today, they are popular again for their traditional aesthetic appeal and their ability to add character to a cityscape.
Masonry is made up of small stones or brick held together with mortar. It is labor-intensive to work with, making it expensive. Also, because of its weight, masonry can be difficult to move, which means it cannot be used in some situations. However, its durability and resistance to fire make it attractive for applications where appearance is important or where high temperatures are expected.
There are several types of masonry including: block, bench, cob, stone, tile, and wallerite.
A massing study is an examination of the project's overall shape, form, and scale. It is frequently used as the beginning point for architectural design. A massing analysis assists the architect in visualizing the project in terms of masses or blocks. The structure in three dimensions is referred to as massing. On a two-dimensional plan, it is necessary to estimate the size and location of elements in order to show how they relate to one another.
Mass studies can be done in several ways. One method is to use sketches and drawings to show the various components of the building or site. Masses can also be analyzed using mathematical formulas or computer programs that will generate the results shown on the sketch or diagram. The choice of which method to use will depend on the amount of information that needs to be included and the level of accuracy required by the designer.
In general, masses are studied at a large scale so that important details can be seen easily. At this scale, relationships between elements can be observed closely and specific details can be added later when they become relevant. For example, if it is known that a particular window will have a significant effect on the massing of a building, then it should be drawn separately and assigned its own coefficient before being inserted into the overall calculation.
The basic equation for calculating block weight is: Weight = volume x density.
Form and massing are the main aspects of architecture; they are three-dimensional compositions. The form and mass of a volume are defined by its shape, size, and orientation. The shape and massing of the structure, like all architecture, should reflect the ideals of the people it represents.
The design of the library reflects the aims and philosophy of the college in general and the Architecture Department in particular. It is intended to be functional yet attractive, accessible and comfortable for users.
The library has an overall U-shape plan with stacks arranged around a central reading room. There are separate areas for children's books, adult fiction, non-fiction, newspapers, magazines, journals, and reference materials.
The building is constructed of red brick with sandstone accents and green copper spandrels on the roof. The exterior is symmetrical about both a vertical and a horizontal axis. The front entrance is flanked by two sets of double doors with large glass panels set within rectangular openings. Above the doors is a large window with blackened steel frames. Inside the lobby there is a row of mailboxes along one wall.
The stairwell leads up to the second floor where there are more public rooms including a café. From here access to the third floor is by elevator or stairs. The basement level contains the boiler room, utilities, and storage.
A massing study is a 3D modeling procedure in which we depict the site's physical boundaries in terms of rules and work on the formal definition of design within those limits. As a result, the sculptural approach, the spatial positioning of the building's elements, becomes the driving force of the design. The main aim of this procedure is to define the overall scale and shape of the building as well as its relationship to its setting.
The term "massing" comes from the construction industry where it describes the process of estimating the size of a structure by measuring its components individually and then combining these measurements using mathematical formulas. In architecture, the same method is used to estimate the size of a building project before it is constructed.
In general practice, mass studies are performed to determine the best way to organize space on a given site. They can also help architects understand how people will use a building by considering how different areas of the space are divided up by function (e.g., public areas vs. private rooms). Finally, mass studies can reveal problems or issues with the site that would need to be addressed prior to construction.
During this process, the designer measures and records dimensions of the site area and all existing features such as walls, floors, and roofs. From these measurements, the designer calculates the total area of the site and the percentage of land that will not be built upon.
A mass structure is a natural or man-made structure formed by stacking together materials. Pyramids, igloos, and beaver dams are examples of mass constructions. A mass construction has greater strength than its individual components because they work together to absorb force away from poorly supported parts of the structure.
Mass structures can be used for defense purposes or as simple dwellings. For example, if you were to build a house out of mud bricks that is not protected by anything else, it would be very easy for someone to destroy with a fire. But if you built your house out of concrete instead, it could protect itself against heat damage or smoke damage from a fire.
In science class, we use mass structures in experiments to determine how things affect each other when they interact through gravity. For example, we might drop weights from different heights to see how the weight affects the object it falls on. Or we might pour liquids into identical jars to see which one floats up highest. These are all examples of experiments that use mass structures.
In math class, we use mass structures to represent quantities. For example, we might express the number 100 as 1 hundredth of a pound, 10 kilos, or 2 tonnes. We can also use mass structures to show how much more/less than a certain amount there is of something.