A mastaba is a type of Egyptian tomb that consists of an underground burial chamber with apartments above it. The problematic part is that it is not a simple tomb—it is a quite ornate tomb resembling a stepped pyramid. It was named after the basket-shaped structure on top which served as a platform for placing objects intended for the afterlife.
The word "mastaba" comes from the Arabic word matsaban, which means "bench." These were the seats where the slaves would wait to do jobs for their masters. They also appear in the tombs of very rich people as a place where servants could sit while their master was still alive. However, this only applied to those who were freed before they died; if they were still slaves when they died then they wouldn't be able to go to heaven because Jesus said in Matthew 25:40, "Then he will send his angels and take her out of my sight." This would mean that her family would have to pay another slave or servant to watch over her until she was rescued by God.
In Egypt, everyone had to make sure they went to paradise after they died. So they built pyramids as their final resting places since animals couldn't go inside them.
The "bench" is the rectangular superstructure of ancient Egyptian tombs constructed of mud brick or, later, stone, with sloping sides and a flat roof. The underground burial room was reached by a deep tunnel. The entrance was usually at the head of the tomb, but could be the side or the bottom if the person being buried was important enough.
The name "mastaba" comes from the Arabic word for "bench"; thus, it is a bench used as a grave marker for a deceased individual.
These markers were originally made of wood, but during the Old Kingdom (c. 2650-2160 B.C.) they began to be made of stone. The earliest known mastabas are from the cemetery at Giza, near Cairo. They date from about 2600 B.C. In addition to marking graves, mastabas also served as thrones for pharaohs while their bodies were being anointed with oil and dressed in royal garments.
During the Middle Kingdom (2040-1780 B.c.), the mastaba became a standard monument for the wealthy. These monuments were often larger than life-size and represented the tomb owner sitting on a chair made of stone within the structure of his own pyramid.
1. A mastaba is a type of ancient Egyptian tomb built of mud bricks or stones, whereas a pyramid is also a type of ancient Egyptian tomb constructed of stones or bricks. Both were utilized as tombs for Egypt's ruling class. The term "mastaba" is derived from the Arabic word for "bench".
Mastabas were used from about 2500 B.C. to 500 B.C. They are named after the low stone wall that enclosed them, which was called an abusir in Arabic. The mastaba style of architecture became popular around 2200 B.C., and it continued to evolve through the Old Kingdom period (2600-2150 B.C.). During this time, the Egyptians advanced drilling techniques and used more durable materials for their construction.
Pyramids were built between 2580 and 2504 B.C. by Pharaohs Khufu, Khafre, and Cheops. They are named after the pointed roofs on their sides, which resemble the shape of a pyramid. The Egyptians learned how to build pyramids from foreign tribes who had come into contact with them, such as the Hittites, Canaanites, and Mesopotamians. However, no one knows who designed these structures or why they were built.
In pre-dynasty and early dynastic Egypt, the mastaba was the customary kind of tomb for both the pharaoh and the social elite. Many of the cenotaphs were erected in the ancient city of Abydos. The royal cemetery was located in Saqqara, overlooking the ancient metropolis of Memphis. Many nobles are also known by name from their mastabas; among them are Ahmose I, Amenhotep I, Thutmose III, and Horemheb.
A mastaba is simply a large stone structure with a flat roof used as a tomb. There are several varieties of mastaba skeletons that range in size from small shrines to large structures. The largest known mastaba measures 80 feet long, 40 feet wide, and 24 feet high. It was built for the ruler Djer (also called Zannanza) in the 25th century B.C. and has 86 cubits ($1,872.50 USD) of stone left on the surface.
The word "mastaba" comes from the Arabic word masjid, which means mosque. Thus, a mastaba is like a huge stone mosque!
During Old Kingdom times, the common person was buried in simple pits without any markers. But during the Middle Kingdom, people began to be buried with some objects they valued being placed in the burial chamber of the tomb. These objects could be toys, games, or even real gold jewelry.
Pyramids can be traced back to the graves of the first pharaohs. Mastabas are the name given to these tombs. The term literally means "everlasting home." Mastabas are low, flat-topped rectangles with slanted sides. They usually contain only one coffin, which is why they are also called single burial monuments.
In addition to mastabas, ancient Egyptians also built pyramids. A pyramid is a structure composed of multiple layers resembling the stones used to build the Egyptian pyramids. The original Egyptians used smooth limestone blocks but later generations used granite and marble as well. The Pyramid of Giza in Egypt is the best example of this architectural style. It was built by Pharaoh Khufu around 2500 B.C. and is still standing today. Although many people believe that the Pyramid of Giza was designed specifically as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu, this is not true. It was actually constructed as an eternal palace for him to live in after he died.
Even though the Pyramid of Giza is more than 4,000 years old it has withstood the test of time because it is made using quality materials. Over the course of thousands of years, rain and wind have worn down the edges of the limestone blocks that make up the monument instead of destroying them like most modern buildings would.
The Egyptians erected the most ornate tombs for their monarchs, the pharaohs, in ancient times. The Egyptians first constructed mastabas, which were tombs composed of dry bricks that were then used to shore up shafts and chambers cut into the soil. The Egyptians also employed stone for tombs, using granite, sandstone, and marble. Finally, they sometimes buried their dead in crypts beneath house floors or in burial mounds.
The Pharaohs often took parts of their enemies bodies and used them as grave goods. For example, King Tut's body was unwrapped after he died and portions of his organs were removed and placed in jars of preservation solution. These organs are now in four different museums all across the world: the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, the Royal College of Surgeons in London, the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, and the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Salt Lake City.
In addition to organs, bones, and other physical remains, the Egyptians also used wood, ivory, silver, and gold for jewelry, tools, and weapons. This material culture was preserved because the Egyptians didn't use paper and they didn't have metal detectors so their graves provided the only way for archaeologists to learn about their lives.