Mimetic architecture, sometimes known as "novelty" or "programmatic" architecture, was popularized in the United States throughout the first part of the twentieth century. It is distinguished by unconventional architectural designs that mirror the purpose or function of the structure or the product with which it is related. These designs are often based on modern technologies or materials which may include concrete, glass, steel, and wood.
Mimicry can be used to describe similar but not identical design elements between two different objects or systems. The similarity may be due to construction techniques, functions, or both. In architecture, this concept was introduced by Le Corbusier in 1923 when he wrote: "An house should be like a woman—soft and full of curves!" Today, "mimetic" houses continue to appear on the market, usually designed by emerging architects who use features found in real estate advertisements as inspiration for their own work.
The term "mimetic architecture" was first used by Peter Cook in his 1939 book The Art of Building In. There, he described this type of building as one that produces "the impression of being built according to the latest ideas in architecture rather than actually being constructed in such a way."
In addition to Cook, other authors have also used the term "mimetic architecture".
Modern architecture, also known as modernist architecture, was an architectural movement or style based on new and innovative construction technologies, particularly the use of glass, steel, and reinforced concrete; the idea that form should follow function (functionalism); a commitment to sustainability; and an embrace of minimalism. Modern architects rejected the traditional elements of architecture—such as wood and stone—in favor of materials that were functional, affordable, and easy to maintain.
Modern buildings tend to be large, open spaces with few internal walls. The design of these structures tends to focus on harmony between inside and outside, functionality, and ease of maintenance. In contrast to the heavy ornamentation and meticulous craftsmanship of earlier styles, the parts of a modern building can be produced by different manufacturers using standardized components which are then assembled at the site. Modern buildings are often called "boxy" because of their simplified shapes composed of rectangular blocks or panels connected with straight lines and corners. The defining feature of a modern building is usually its flat roof.
Modern architecture was developed between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 21st century. Its leading figures included Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius, Mies van der Rohe, and Antoni Gaudí. Although it is considered a separate style, some scholars have combined modern architecture with other movements such as Art Deco and International Style design for comparative purposes.
Mivan is a high-quality aluminum structure created by Mivan Company Ltd, a European construction firm. It is appropriate for creating a large number of dwellings in a short period of time by employing room-sized forms to create walls and slabs in a single continuous pour of concrete. The word "mivan" means "room" in English.
The mivan structure has become popular in Europe where cost-effective housing solutions are needed. The mivan structure offers many advantages over conventional building techniques. It is less labor-intensive because it does not require any carpentry work after the form has been removed. There is no need for plastering or painting, either. The mivan's exterior finish is simply coated with an epoxy resin that cures into a hard surface.
Inside the mivan structure, wall panels made of compressed fiberboard or wood fibers are used to divide up the interior space. These panels can be easily replaced if they get soiled or damaged. The roof is usually flat, but may have some slight inclines or depressions if required for drainage purposes. It consists of a waterproof membrane attached to the walls of the mivan with clips or nails.