In architecture, the term "pier" can refer to a variety of distinct construction features. It is an upright support for a structure or superstructure in general, but it may also apply to load-bearing structural wall portions between openings and other types of columns. The word comes from the French pierre, which means "stone." In buildings, piers are usually made of wood, though they can be built with concrete if desired.
Piers are used for supporting structures above ground or water. They can be used instead of or along with pillars for support. There are three basic types of piers: square, round, and Pratt. Square piers are most often used as column supports for large rooms or public spaces. Round piers are commonly found in homes where they provide support for roofs or decks. Pratt piers are generally only used as shelf support under certain conditions. They are designed so that two or more pairs of legs meet at a central point.
Piers are a very common design element in building structures around the world. They are often found supporting floors, roofs, and walls over doorways and windows. They may also be used as decorative elements or as part of the structure's frame work.
About this image: This photo shows one example of many types of piers used throughout history to support various structures. The pier has been modified by adding a handrail and a light fixture.
A vertical loadbearing element in building construction, such as an intermediate support supporting the neighboring ends of two bridge spans. Piers in major building foundations are typically cylindrical concrete shafts poured in prepared holes, while in bridges they take the shape of caissons sunk into position. Piers function to distribute loading over a large area and to provide stability for buildings or bridges.
Piers can be used to display merchandise or attract customers under the structure. Pier bars are long metal beams laid across piers to provide additional strength for a bridge deck or other structures attached to them. Pier boats are small vessels used on inland waters with small amounts of traffic that are suitable for docking at various locations along their routes.
The word comes from Latin pilus, meaning "thigh", referring to the leg bone of a pig. This is probably why chefs say you need strong legs to be a good pier man or woman. There are many different jobs involved in constructing a pier. The most important one is hiring someone who knows how to pour concrete.
Concrete is made up of cement, water, and aggregate. Cement sets water hard, and aggregate provides texture and support for the hardened cement. Concrete is used for everything from building houses to making sports fields. It's easy to mix together and allows you to make shapes that would be difficult or impossible with other materials.
A pier is a raised structure that rises over a body of water and usually juts out from its coast and offers above-water access to offshore locations. It is often supported by piles or pillars. Fishing, boat docking, passenger and freight access, and oceanside enjoyment are all common pier applications.
Piers were first used in the Mediterranean Sea as early as 3000 B.C., but they became more widely known after the Romans built many of them during their reign (247 B.C.-A.D. 476). They are now found on most large ports around the world.
In America, several hundred years passed before the first piers were built. The colonists built wooden piers because there was no other choice; otherwise, their ships would have had to be hauled up onto land and rebuilt. In 1793, a permanent stone pier was erected at Trenton, New Jersey, to support a gunpowder warehouse. This is believed to be the first such structure in North America.
In 1816, a new type of pier was introduced into American waters when it was built at Hoboken, New Jersey. These types of structures were made of wood and had iron bands spaced about every ten feet to hold them together. They were designed by John A. Roebling and are still in use today.
About five years later, another type of pier was developed by Samuel Hannaford.
Piers are normally excavated and formworked in place. Pier foundations are classified into two types: So, friends, these are the many types of foundations and footings utilized in construction. In this post, I attempted to cover all aspects of foundations and footings, as well as their applications. I hope you found this information helpful!
As far as pier construction goes, there are three main methods: concrete, timber, and steel. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages. It's important to understand how each method functions before choosing one over the others.
Concrete piers are by far the most common type of foundation. They are made of stacked stone or poured concrete. The depth of a concrete pier can be up to 40 feet or more. Concrete piers are strong and easy to build; however, they are also very expensive.
Timber piers are built using large timbers as legs. The size of the pier can be about half that of a concrete pier. Timber piers are economical to build and the cost keeps decreasing as the depth increases. However, as the depth increases, so does the risk of damage from wind and water. If you want a cheap way to support something heavy, then a timber pier may be suitable for your needs.
Steel piers are used when weight is an issue. The height of a steel pier can be limited only by local regulations.