A ranch-style house, also known as a Rambler, is one-story and low to the ground, with a low-pitched roof that is generally rectangular, L-shaped, or U-shaped, and has deep overhanging eaves. Ranch fashions include: The California ranch is the "original" ranch style, built in the United States before World War II in the early twentieth century. The Texas ranch is similar to the California ranch, but often has red brick or stone exteriors instead of wood.
The boxy house style takes its name from its resemblance to a freight box on wheels. Boxy houses were common after World War II when fuel prices rose and home owners wanted to conserve energy. The boxy shape allows for less surface area exposed to the weather which reduces heat loss during winter and heat gain during summer.
The modern ranch is basically a boxy house with an addition attached. This allows families with young children to have space for their toys while still having a private bedroom for each family member.
The term "ranch style" can be used for any house with a low-pitched gable roof and horizontal siding, such as cedar shakes or redwood shingles. However, in areas where wood is more expensive, a ranch style house might use concrete or steel instead.
This house design is often known as a "raised ranch." The lowest level is usually partially subterranean and contains windows. This floor has bedrooms and occasionally a laundry room or bathroom, whilst the top level contains a living, dining, and kitchen space on one side and more bedrooms and bathrooms on the other. The middle level may have its own separate entrance, or it may be accessible by a set of stairs or an elevator from one of the other floors.
The term "split level" comes from the fact that each floor has its own private area with its own exterior door leading to the rest of the house. From the outside these doors look like any other door but they are in fact half-height walls that open onto casements. The open stairwell or hallway provides easy access between the two floors.
Raised ranches were very popular in the United States during the 1920s and 1930s. They are still found today in new home developments where size is important - this type of house can be 2 stories high or 3 stories high! There are also raised ranch apartments, which are available for rent. These are commonly found in cities where space is at a premium and cost is not an issue.
The main advantage of a raised ranch is that it gives you an upstairs apartment without having to build an actual second story. This is especially useful if there is already a first floor bedroom and bath downstairs that would not fit up stairs otherwise.
The Ranch's Rule There were post-and-beam houses, A-frames, domes, cubes, and A-frames to choose from. According to Lisa's Nostalgia Cafe, the one-story ranch was the king of the 1970s home. It was easy to build and inexpensive. There were two types: with wood frame exterior walls and vinyl or aluminum siding, and with stucco or brick exteriors.
They were usually located on small lots (10,000 square feet or less), in suburban neighborhoods, and often included a garage that served as both a parking space and a utility room. The kitchens were typically located on the ground floor with dining rooms and living rooms upstairs. Bathrooms were usually found on each floor except for the first story which had no bathroom.
Ranches were affordable because they used existing materials for their construction, for example scrap lumber, tin, and old appliances. They also tended to be smaller than other kinds of homes so they cost more per square foot.
During this time period, there was a shift away from the traditional design of houses with four sides and a roof. More open spaces were desired, and the ranch style was ideal because of its flexibility in design. Ranches could have many different shapes including circles, squares, and even triangles!
Bungalow. The bungalow style was often a single-story home with a prominent veranda, particularly if the roof covered the porch. It is regarded as a transitional period between the Federation era and the California bungalow.
Federation houses were built in Australia from 1885 to 1915. They have three bedrooms and two bathrooms, and are usually located on large suburban blocks. Due to their size and weight, they require strong foundations made of brick or stone. Each floor has its own roof line with a gable front or hipped back. The roof is usually clad in timber shingles or tiles.
California houses were built in California from about 1875 to 1895. They have two bedrooms and one bathroom, and are also usually located on large suburban blocks. Like the Federation house, the California house has a flat roof with cladding of wood or tile. But while the Federation house has an English influence, the California house takes its design cues from the Californian landscape: it has a more American feel.
Australian cottage styles are variously described as rambling, bungalow, terrace, plan, or even Spanish. They were usually only one storey high, with either a separate kitchen/living room arrangement or a combined dining/kitchen/living space. If there are no stairs, then they are considered easy to build and renovate.
Around 1885, Rambling was a remote countryside estate. "The home" stands alone, well back from the road, three miles from the hamlet. It is isolated from the road and so from civilization; the home itself is defined as a location that ties and confines. It is a large, rambling structure, built in stages over many years; the walls are yellow with plaster scraped off to expose the brick underneath.
The mansion has seven rooms, not including the attic. There is no heat, only cold air from a furnace in the basement. Water is brought up from a well in a pasture behind the house. By some means, the servants are able to get food and supplies without being seen by anyone other than their owner. The only people who visit the house are doctors who come to examine the wife of the former owner. When one of these doctors tries to take her hand to help her up after her fall, she pulls away from him. The doctor leaves, but not before warning the woman that if she wants to go, she will have to walk out herself. She refuses to leave the house again.
Within a month of moving into the house, the wife begins to show signs of illness. She complains of feeling weak and having headaches, but her husband thinks it's just because she is homesick.