A ranch-style house, also known as a Rambler, is one-story and low to the ground, with a low-pitched roof that is generally rectangular, L-shaped, or U-shaped, and has deep overhanging eaves. Ranch fashions include: The California ranch is the "original" ranch style, built in the United States before World War II in the early twentieth century. It features wood floors, paneling, and chandeliers. The Texas rancher is similar to the California ranch, but it has been updated with modern amenities. It usually has vinyl or tile flooring, instead of wood.
There are several types of ranches: Two-story ranches have two main floors: the first floor consists of living room, kitchen, and other primary rooms; the second floor contains additional bedrooms and bathrooms. Three-story ranches add a third floor with more bedrooms and bathrooms. Four-story ranches have four full floors of bedrooms and bathrooms. A penthouse is a fifth floor. Some penthouse suites may have a balcony or terrace of their own.
Most ranches have at least three bedrooms and two baths per floor. Large families might have five or six bedrooms or more. Sometimes these large houses are called "mansion" styles if they're located in a wealthy neighborhood.
In America, the first ranch buildings were made of wood, which came from forests that had mostly been cleared away during Spain's reign over Florida and Texas.
The raised ranch is a two-story home with a full basement that acts as an extra level. It can be constructed into a slope to take advantage of the terrain or to hide its presence. They are common in the West and Midwest.
There are several types of ranches, but they all have the same basic floor plan: a front entrance on the first floor, with a back door leading to the second story. The main difference between ranches is in their size and design detail work. There are small one-story ranches for families who want more space but don't need much privacy, and large two-story ranches for larger groups or families who may have children old enough to need their own separate area. Also, some ranches have a third floor with attic storage space that can be used as a bedroom or playroom.
Most ranches were originally built with rough-sawn lumber, which was available at low cost. Later models often use dimension lumber for its improved appearance and durability. Modern ranches are usually built with composite materials, such as vinyl siding and aluminum extrusions, because wood is expensive to transport long distances before it is processed into houses. However, some manufacturers still offer wood products because they say this provides a better look or feel to the house than using composites.
This house design is often known as a "raised ranch." The lowest level is usually partially subterranean and contains windows. This floor has bedrooms and occasionally a laundry room or bathroom, whilst the top level contains a living, dining, and kitchen space on one side and more bedrooms and bathrooms on the other. The middle ground is taken up by a central core of support columns that divide the house into rooms with access to outside elements via exterior doors.
The term "split level" comes from the fact that each floor is generally the same height as the next one up, allowing for cross-sections like a split rock face. Thus, the phrase "like a split level house."
Raised ranches were popular between 1950 and 1990 but have been making a comeback since 2005. They are particularly useful for larger families who need more sleeping spaces but don't want to build any higher than necessary.
There are several different ways to lay out the floors of a raised ranch house. Most tend to follow a pattern called "ground level, first floor, second floor, third floor, etc." But they can also be arranged in "three levels of convenience" or "two levels of luxury". These terms refer to how many distinct floor plans there are for this type of house. There are usually between three and seven bedrooms on each floor plan.
In addition to its aesthetic advantages, the raised ranch style is also very energy efficient.