The triforium is the area above the nave arcade, below the clerestory, and extending over the vaults, or ceilings, of the side aisles in architecture. During the Romanesque period, the triforium became a fundamental feature of church architecture, serving to illuminate and air the roof area. The name comes from the Latin word meaning "thrice-fold", referring to the triple height of the structure.
During the 11th century, when churches began to be built with stone rather than wood, the triforium became an important part of their design. The aisles were no longer needed for seating, so they started getting smaller, until by the 14th century they were little more than narrow corridors. The triforium was also used as a storage space, and sometimes as an office for the priest.
Today, the triforium remains a prominent feature in many medieval buildings. It usually contains windows that let in light but are too small to allow people inside to be seen. These help keep out the heat during those cold English winters, while at the same time providing natural illumination for the building.
There are three main types of triforium: central, pendent, and multiple. In a central triforium, there is only one level between the ground floor and the ceiling, while in a pendent triforium, there are two.
Trifolium. The dining room The impluvium is a small puddle in the atrium that gathers rainfall.
The domus included several chambers, interior courtyards, gardens, and intricately set out, artistically painted walls. The vestibulum (entry hall) led into the atrium, a spacious central hall that served as the domus' focal point and housed a statue of or altar to the domestic gods.
Triangulation is utilized in frame structures to add strength and support. This pushes the other two parts towards it, making the structure solid and dispersing the force among all three triangle members. A triangle is the most powerful shape utilized in structure design. It is strong enough to resist any twisting or bending forces applied to one side of the triangle.
The word "triangle" comes from the Latin term trinus meaning "three" which describes the number of sides that make up a triangle. There are many different shapes of triangles, but they all have three sides. The most common triangles are equilateral and right-angled. An equilateral triangle has three equal lengths of its sides; a right-angled triangle has one longer length than the other two. Other common triangles include scalene (not equal on each side) and isosceles (two equal lengths). Triangles can also be classified by how they are formed. For example, an equilateral triangle formed by three rods held together at their midpoints would be called a triangular prism.
Equilateral triangles are useful in design because they distribute the load equally between the three sides. If you were to lift up on one end of an equilateral triangle, it would collapse into itself with no way to get back out again - this is why they are good at resisting any twisting or bending forces applied to one side.
The Roman triclinium, often known as the Roman dining room, Because it was a space where a lot of time would be spent dining, relaxing, and having long talks with visitors, the triclinium was a magnificently designed chamber. Despite common perception, not all Romans ate while reclining on couches. The triclinium was actually used for various entertaining purposes as well as eating.
In ancient Rome, there were three main types of rooms used for dining and entertaining guests: the atrium, the peristyle, and the triclinium. The atrium was a large open area with columns supporting the roof. It was used for large parties or when food was needed to feed an army camped outside of town. The peristyle had four columns around a central courtyard. It was used for smaller social gatherings or when you wanted to show off your wealth. The triclinium was a special type of room used only for dining. It had three rows of chairs attached to a wall with their backs to this row of seats. Their arms were made of ivory or silver and each one had its own cover. In winter, heat could be provided by burning wood in a fire place or by moving some of the tables together. In summer, a cooling system of pipes or open windows might be used.
People in ancient Rome lived very hard lives and so entertainment was important. The Romans enjoyed singing, dancing, comedy, and games.
A Trireme is an ancient oar-powered vessel propelled by around 170 oarsmen. It had three layers of oars and one sail, and it was long and thin. A battering ram on the bow was used to demolish opposing ships. The ram's point was composed of bronze and could readily sever the side of a wooden ship. Behind the ram was a platform where the archers stood. The men on the lower deck were called argonauts; those on the upper deck were called navvies.
The word "trireme" comes from the Greek for "three-stepped." These vessels were so named because they had three levels or decks: the gunner on the upper deck, the captain and officers on the middle deck, and the rowers on the lower deck. Each level had an entry port that allowed people to climb up and in. When full of soldiers or cargo, the trireme would have been quite crowded. However, when not in use, the trireme would be very compact - making them ideal vehicles for naval battles involving many ships. In fact, historians believe that these ships were used as prototypes for larger warships later built by other civilizations including the Romans.
In addition to its size, the trireme was unique among sailing vessels because it was driven by two banks of oars that rotated in opposite directions. This required a crew of at least six men per oar, plus a helmsman at the tiller arm located near the stern.