What is a wigwam and a longhouse?

What is a wigwam and a longhouse?

A longhouse, like a wigwam, was built on a framework of sapling (young tree) poles. Longhouses were not clad in birch bark, but in thick, rough bark from elm trees. The longhouse housed numerous families, as opposed to the wigwam, which normally housed only one family. A man's place was at the center of the longhouse, where a large fire was kept day and night. Women and children lived on one side, men on the other. In time of war or if a tribe split up, the houses would be moved away from each other.

A wigwam was built for privacy as well as warmth. It was located on land owned by its builder - often on his own property - who could change its location as desired. Wigwams tended to be smaller than longhouses; usually there were only two rooms: a sleeping area and a meeting room with a fireplace. Sometimes there was also a small kitchen inside the living room.

Wigwams were used by many Indian tribes, but most famously by the Cherokee Indians of what is now North Carolina. They made their wampum (stringed beads) out of the soft inner bark of maple trees.

The word "wigwam" comes from the English language and means "wherever we want it to be". It is used to describe any kind of house you can move if you want to.

How is a wigwam built?

Wigwam Residence They were made of wood and bark, similar to longhouses, but were considerably smaller and easier to build. Wigwams were made from tree poles that were bent and linked together to form a dome-shaped dwelling. The tops of the trees would be stripped of their leaves to allow more light into the structure and also for heat preservation during wintertime.

The walls of the wigwam consisted of overlapping horizontal and vertical slats of wood that were fastened together with wooden pins or nails. The ends of the poles were usually curved to fit against the center pole of the wigwam. A floor of beaten earth covered the base of the structure.

A fire hole in the center of the roof allowed smoke to escape while keeping out any rain. The door was often placed at an angle so it could be reached by anyone using a ladder. The windows were small openings cut into the side of the wigwam where sticks were inserted to keep out the wind and cold. There were no locks on doors or windows in ancient times because people didn't need privacy; they just used tents instead.

People lived inside the wigwam because it was much warmer than outside in the wintertime. The only problem with living in such a small space is that you are going to get to know everyone really well!

What is the difference between a plank house and a longhouse?

Longhouses are Native American dwellings utilized by the Iroquois and their Algonquian neighbors. They are constructed in the same manner as wigwams, with pole framework and elm bark covers. The key distinction is that longhouses are substantially bigger than wigwams. A typical longhouse was 150 feet long, 30 feet wide and 8 feet high. It could sleep up to 100 people.

Plank houses were common in Europe and America prior to the introduction of window glass and other durable materials. They remain a popular choice for farmers and others who need a simple, affordable housing solution that's ready to go up quickly. Plank houses usually consist of 2 by 4s or similar short wooden boards nailed together to form walls about 6 inches thick. The roof is usually made of wood, but sometimes it's made of clay or dirt. There may be one central door, which tends to be smaller than the wall space it opens into.

Inside you'll find a hollow shell where your family lives, sleeps, and works. In addition to the main room which serves as both living quarters and workplace, there are usually separate rooms for cooking and eating, a bedroom, and so on. You can also expect to find weapons racks, tools, and other equipment used for hunting or farming.

Although they're quite simple, sturdy, and easy to build, planks houses do require some expertise to construct well.

What are wigwams and longhouses made of?

They were made of wood and bark, similar to longhouses, but were considerably smaller and easier to build. The outside of the house would be covered with bark or other natural material found in the area where the indigenous resided. Inside the wigwam there would usually be a central fire for heat and light as well as some kind of bedding for warmth.

Wigwams were commonly used by Native Americans across the northern United States and Canada. They are often seen in paintings and drawings by artists such as John White Jr., who lived between 1671 and 1704. He often included images of Indian camps in his landscapes, which helped him earn money for his own art work and that of others.

Larger communities would have separate structures for married couples or individuals who had more wealth than others in their tribe. These would sometimes include several wigwams or even longhouses joined together with common areas inside the structure. Married men might also have tents next to theirs in this shared area.

Women usually didn't participate in building decisions regarding where they lived, so the men of a community would decide where new villages should be located. Sometimes groups of men would travel far away from their home communities looking for land that was easy to get to without having to go through difficult terrain or waterways full of predators.

What’s the difference between a wigwam and an Indian house?

This type of Indian style home is uncommon and is frequently a work of art. The cottages, on the other hand, feature wooden floors and are nicely furnished up for look. Long homes are built with pole framework and elm bark siding. The main distinction is that longhouses are substantially bigger than wigwams.

Longhouses are usually divided into several rooms, each with its own entrance. There's a large central room where people gathered for meetings or to celebrate special events. This area might have a fireplace for heat as well as light. From here branches extend out to form a kind of open air roof which provides protection from rain and snow. The top portion of the branch can be carved down so that it will support heavy loads of meat or fish.

Wigwams are only one room deep. They tend to be smaller and flimsier than Longhouses but they are still very functional. People used wigwams to sleep in while they were hunting or exploring since they weren't strong enough to withstand much weather damage.

Indian houses were important landmarks in the wilderness because they would indicate the location of fertile land and safe campsites.

Today many Indians use their knowledge of building materials and construction techniques to build their own homes. Some build using traditional methods, others hire contractors to do the work for them. Either way, Indian houses remain unique structures that often serve as museums or educational centers.

About Article Author

Charles Lindemann

Charles Lindemann is a man of many passions; among them are building, architecture, and engineering. He has studied each of these fields extensively, and now spends much of his time designing buildings and working on technical projects. Charles has been able to use his knowledge of architecture and engineering to create some of the most unique and creative structures around.

Disclaimer

BindleyHardwareCo.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.

Related posts