Mosques, residences, and gardens are the greatest representations of Islamic architectural ideas, with unique arches, tile patterns, towers, and internal gardens. The artistry of these creations is evident even from a distance.
Islamic architecture developed in the Middle East over several centuries. It reached its peak in the 11th century and began to decline after the 16th century. Today, many structures of Islamic origin remain, especially in the countries of the Middle East and India.
The best-known feature of Islamic architecture is its use of domes. A dome is simply a sphere covering a space, such as the top of a house or mosque. Domes are used instead of windows or doors because they allow in light but keep out the heat and cold of winter and summer. They're also easy to clean.
There are different types of domes used in Islamic architecture. The most common type is the hemisphere dome, which covers a room or hall. It has two sides: the inside (or innner) surface of the dome and the outside (or outer) surface. The innner surface usually consists of sheets of metal or fiberglass, while the outer surface is made of wood or concrete. There's no real center to a hemisphere dome; it's symmetrical on all sides.
Architecture is one of the most important aspects of Islamic art. Mosques, but also Muslim dwellings and gardens, have an Islamic design. It so shields the family and family life from the outer world as well as the harsh climate of many Islamic lands—it is a private universe. Architects were usually masters trained in arts and crafts who worked under religious guidelines for mosques or tombs.
During the golden age of Islam (750-1250) architecture in general, and the building industry in particular, flourished. The reason was that much of the population was living in mud buildings with no access to metal tools. Therefore, they needed architects who could create buildings using only wood and stone, which are easy to work with.
The greatest mosque architect of all time was Abu al-Hassan al-Shahrastani (868-934), who designed more than 20 mosques throughout Iran. He was also responsible for designing the capital city of Shiraz, which still stands today. Although he was never called "Mister" by anyone, he was considered one of the greatest architects of all time. His designs were based on mathematics and physics rather than memory and instinct, which made him think outside the box and innovate new techniques. For example, he used large mirrors to create natural light inside the mosques he designed.
After Shahrastani, there was almost a century without any great architects.
Islamic architecture and the architectural traditions of Muslim communities in the Middle East and worldwide began in the seventh century. Islamic architecture is most visible in religious structures such as mosques and madrasahs. The design and construction of these buildings was given over to Muslims who were authorized by the caliph to do so.
Although mosques were originally built with simple designs for which any material would have served, many now use more expensive materials such as marble, stone, and wood. As time passed, the design of mosques evolved into what we see today: grand spaces where the faithful can pray, read scripture, and listen to speakers.
In addition to mosques, other significant Islamic structures include mausoleums, tombs, and caravanserais. In some cases, these structures are designed by Muslim architects; in others, they reflect styles popular in the regions where they are located. Carpets also play an important role in Islamic culture. They are used as floor coverings in homes, stores, and public spaces such as mosques. Finally, libraries contain books that are considered sacred by many Muslims and thus are stored in secure locations.
Islamic architecture is based on strict rules set down by Islam's leading scholars. For example, mosques must have a main entrance facing toward Mecca, the holiest city in the world for Muslims.
The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is another excellent example of Islamic architecture. Finally, the impact of Islamic architecture may be observed in Cairo, Egypt. Extroverted building is a type of Islamic architecture that has windows that look out into streets whenever feasible (Islamic Architecture in Cairo).
Islamic art also influenced European art. The artistry of Muslim builders was often used by medieval Europeans to decorate their churches. Keep in mind, however, that much Christian art was also inspired by Muslim artists. For example, the Gothic style of architecture was first used in France and Germany rather than in Arabia.
In conclusion, Islamic culture has had a significant impact on Europe and the Americas through migration and commerce.
Islamic style architecture is characterized by the use of beautiful patterns in stone, wood, plaster, and paint. One of the most famous examples of Islamic style buildings is the Alai Darwaza in Uzbekistan. It is a large three-story building with an intricate network of windows and balconies.
This ancient architectural wonder is still standing after more than 700 years. It used to be the main entrance gate to several cities throughout Central Asia. Today, it stands as a reminder of how great the Islamic civilization was back then. The only thing that has changed over time is that color has been added to some of the stones which can be seen from outside the gate.
Also known as the "Iron Gate", this impressive structure weighs almost 100 tons and measures about 20 feet high and 30 feet wide. It was built around 1430 by order of Sultan Murad I and it was originally made of iron plates. After he died, they were replaced with stone plates and the gate got its name.