The word "vault" comes from the Latin vallum, meaning "wall." So, a vault is a walled-in space below ground or within a building structure.
Vaults are used to provide protection from the elements and for aesthetic purposes. Vents in roofs allow water to escape while keeping out heat and cold air. Windows let in light and provide views outside the building while allowing fresh air into living spaces. Doors lead people from one room or section of a building to another.
There are several different roof types used in construction. The three most common are flat, sloped, and hipped.
On a flat roof, there is no rise or fall from edge to edge. It is level all around its perimeter. This type of roof is used on single-story buildings with no interior rooms or areas to obstruct traffic or rainwater runoff.
In a sloped roof, one side is higher than the other.
A vault is a structural element in building construction that consists of an arrangement of arches, commonly forming a ceiling or roof. When two barrel vaults crossed at right angles, they produced a groin vault, which, when repeated in sequence, could span rectangular expanses of infinite length. The Romans were the first to apply their knowledge of geometry and mathematics to the design of vaults for practical buildings.
The word "vault" comes from the Latin verb violare, "to break into pieces," because the builders used slaves to help build these huge structures. The roofs were made of wood covered with clay tiles, which would need replacing every few years as the wood rotted away. The Romans knew how to preserve wood, so it should not have decayed so quickly, but perhaps the soil around their wooden buildings was rich in nutrients.
In its most basic form, a Roman vault consists of four ribs that intersect at right angles and support a series of arches between them. Each rib is made up of multiple members tied together with cramps. They were usually made of wood but sometimes of stone. In larger buildings, such as theaters, the ribs may be split down the middle to make them stronger.
The supports under the arcs are called panes because they were usually made of glass. Some were flat, but most were curved, like half of a sphere.
Describe its constituent pieces and/or functions. A vault is an arched construction supported by a solid wall and four columns that springs from a cornice. Vaults expand ceiling area and provide a self-forming roof for a structure. They are used as room dividers, passageways, and storage areas. Vaults can be open or closed. Closed vaults provide greater protection from the elements.
The word "vault" comes from the Latin word "vallum," which means "wall." Thus, a vault is a structure with walls. In architecture, a vault is a structural element forming the upper part of a building or structure, especially one constructed without beams or other supporting structures inside the walls. The word "vault" also refers to the protective cover over a doorway or window. Vaulted entrances are found on many buildings throughout the world; these often include large openings covered with wooden shutters or panels.
In churches, vaults are used to store worship materials and instruments, while in museums they protect art treasures from humidity and damage caused by visitors.
Vaulting is also used in the mining industry to create rooms below ground level, where miners can work safely without being exposed to the elements.
Finally, a vault can refer to the upper portion of the stomach, between the esophagus and the diaphragm.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., Vault The fundamental barrel shape, which originated in ancient Egypt and the Middle East, is essentially a continuous succession of arches deep enough to fill a three-dimensional space. A second type of vault is the dome, which is a shell structure consisting of a circular base and a domed ceiling. Domes were originally used as water tanks but also as observatories, temples, and churches. They are particularly suitable for large areas such as stadiums or halls because there is no edge wall required to define the interior space. A third type of vault is the hoop vault, which is a frame of intersecting hoops like those on a barrel. Hoop vaults are usually covered with fabric or plastic. There are many different types of vaulted ceilings, all using some variation on these basic shapes.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
In architecture, a vault is a structural system of interlocking arches or voussoirs built into the walls of a room or hall. Vaults may be flat or domed, but always leave a clear opening at the top for light and air. They are used instead of beams or girders because they do not obstruct view corridors or prevent the installation of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems.
(The first of four entries.) 1a: a masonry arched structure, typically used to build a ceiling or roof. B: anything that resembles a vault (such as the sky). The cranial vault is an arched or dome-shaped anatomical structure. It protects the brain within and acts as a support for it.
Crania are the only human bones that remain in recognizable form. They provide evidence of ancient people who lived in what are now Europe and North America. Scientists can tell how old someone is based on how many times their body has healed since death. The older the person, the more times their body has healed itself, showing scientists where to find bone tissue and how long ago each injury occurred. Bones that heal themselves twice in 10 years are called hyaline; those that don't are called fibrous or compact bone.
Bones that don't heal themselves well are also important because they're evidence of past injuries or diseases that may have prevented people from healing properly. For example, someone who had tuberculosis might have scars from multiple surgeries as doctors tried to save their lungs. If you look at the bones in their chest, you would see scarred areas where surgery had been done.
Bones that never heal themselves completely are useful too because they remain intact after death. This allows scientists to learn much about ancient people from their skulls.