The term "basic construction of the building" refers to the demising walls, structural slabs constituting the floors and ceilings, structural columns, exterior walls, and building systems to the extent required to be delivered to the premises, or to such other more remote location where the Independent...
Electricians, plumbers, carpenters, builders, and others who may be involved in the construction of your home or office building will usually be asked by your architect or designer what their level of involvement should be with regard to specific building elements. They may be told that they can proceed with their work but that certain things must be done by a particular person or group. For example, if the electrician is supposed to run power to certain parts of the building, then he or she cannot finish wiring the house without proper power being available.
This person may be called something like a "dispatcher" or "coordinator." He or she is responsible for making sure that all of the necessary trades are working together to complete their jobs as quickly as possible while ensuring that materials are used efficiently and complying with code requirements. Some examples of people who perform this role include a project manager for a residential development, a site superintendent for a commercial building, and an office coordinator for an office suite.
In larger projects, it may be appropriate to have a separate individual oversee different aspects of the project.
A simple building is one in which the building services are mostly of modest capacity and delivered locally, with the building services being mainly independent of other systems in the building fabric and avoiding sophisticated control systems. This type of building is commonly found in developing countries where cost-effective solutions are required that do not require extensive infrastructure investments.
In comparison, a complex building is one that uses more advanced technology for heating, air conditioning, and water treatment because it needs to function efficiently and comfortably. These buildings usually have a longer life expectancy than simple buildings because they are built using better materials and techniques. They may also be located in better locations with good access to public utilities like power lines and roads.
Simple buildings are most common in areas without much industry or traffic, while complex buildings are used in cities and larger towns. Simple buildings use such methods as burning wood or coal for heat and electricity and collecting rainwater for drinking purposes. They may also have an outdoor toilet or none at all. Complex buildings rely more heavily on electricity for heating and cooling as well as pumping water from deep wells for usage outside of rainfall events. They may have indoor toilets that use chemicals to treat wastewater before disposing of it into local sewer lines.
There are several factors that determine if a building will be considered simple or complex.
The Building Construction Process
Construction of a building. Prepare the building site and pour the foundation. Rough framing is finished. Complete the rough plumbing, electrical, and HVAC systems. Install the windows and doors. Finish the interior with flooring and wall coverings.
All buildings are constructed in stages. The first stage of construction is called "pre-framing." This term refers to the process of constructing the frame of the building before the roof is installed. The goal of pre-framing is to get all the parts of the frame in place so they can be connected later with screws or nails. The frame is the strong internal structure of the building. It consists of beams, columns, and walls that provide support for the building's floors and ceilings.
After the pre-framing stage is complete, the next stage is called "rough carpentry." In this stage, the builders work on the actual house framework, which includes installing door and window openings, creating header and footer details, and adding molding where needed. They also finish the rough plumbing, electrical, and HVAC systems at this time.
In this stage, the interior of the building is finished by covering the walls and ceilings with paper-thin sheets of drywall.