Sill or window ledge The sill level is the level between the bottom of the window and the piece of the floor above ground level (upwards). It should be flat, smooth, and free from obstacles such as pipes and wires. The sill needs to be large enough to accommodate any changes in elevation between the floor and the window frame.
For example, if the window sits over a basement entrance, there will be an elevation change between the floor and the window frame. This requires that the sill be at least as high as the highest point beneath the window, which in this case is the door threshold. If the door opens up into a room with no ceiling, then the sill needs to be higher yet to allow for air circulation.
The sill should be flat, but it can have slight dips if necessary to ensure proper drainage. Dips may also be required if there are plumbing or electrical services entering the room below the window but not directly under it. Dips may also be needed if there are large objects like bookcases that would interfere with even drainage if they were flat.
Slight variations in the sill level are common and usually do not cause problems as long as they are consistent throughout your home.
Window Sills: Where the opening of an operable window's sill component is more than 72" above the finished grade, the lowest part of the opening must be at least 24 inches above the completed floor surface. For windows that are less than 72", the minimum opening height is 36".
Sill heights should be measured from the bottom of the opening to the highest point on the outside of the building. If you want to know the sill height for your house, use a measuring tape and measure each window sash separately. Add up all the recorded measurements and divide by two for the total window siding height.
The National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC) provides guidance on window sill requirements in its publication "A Guide to Window Safety Features." The guide states that sills must be able to support the weight of people or objects that might fall through the opening. Therefore, sills must be high enough to prevent someone from falling out of the opening.
The NFRC also recommends that sashes be glued and screwed instead of nailed together for security reasons. The organization says this method prevents screws from being removed by vandals who may find them disturbing when camping in close proximity to your home.
The sill height requirement is not one that will surprise you if you have ever tried to open a tall window.
On the interior, there is a window sill, and on the outside, there is a window ledge. In a house or single-family dwelling, there is frequently no distinction. In older buildings, there was a large board at the bottom that was inclined outward to enable rainwater to drain. This is now called a storm window sill.
These days, the term "window sill" is generally used to describe the part of the frame below the window pane. It supports the weight of anything that might be placed on it such as plants or baskets. If there are shelves below the window, these would also be called sills. Above the window pane you have two options: a header or a cornice. A header is a flat surface mounted on the wall just under the roofline which contains openings for ventilation and plumbing pipes. A cornice is a decorative element made of wood, plaster, or other materials and applied to the top of a building to provide protection from the weather and to add style to the exterior. It can be flat or shaped with details such as dentils (small projections) or molding (a curved piece of wood, plastic, or metal used to cover and decorate a wall or ceiling).
In terms of function, a window sill is basically the same thing as a window ledge. The only real difference is that a window sill must support something heavy, while a window ledge does not have to.
A sill is a door component that is situated at the bottom of the frame of your outside door. Consider a sill to be a doorway that prevents water and air from entering your property. A sill's basic components are generally a sill deck, a sill cap, and the substrate. The sill cap provides a finished look to the opening while the sill deck and substrate form a barrier to prevent water and debris from entering the opening.
There are two types of sills: top-hung and bottom-hung. In the case of the top-hung sill, the header comes down to within a few inches of the floor while in the case of the bottom-hung sill, the header extends down to the floor. Either type of sill can be fixed or floating. With a fixed sill, the casing of the header stays in place while the sill is moved as needed to accommodate changes in the level of water inside the casing. This allows for easy cleaning under the sill. With a floating sill, there is no structural support underneath the sill so it can be placed anywhere within the casing of the header without affecting its stability.
The purpose of a sill is to prevent water from flooding your house by keeping out both rain and groundwater. Sills also add to the appearance of your home by giving your entrance a custom-made feel. There are several ways to install a sill.
A lintel, also known as a lintol, is a horizontal structural block that bridges the gap or opening between two vertical supports. In the case of windows, the lowest span is referred to as a sill, which, unlike a lintel, does not bear a weight to preserve the wall's stability. The part of the window frame on which the sash rests is called a jamb.
The term "lintel" comes from the Dutch word for "beam," because these horizontal members are the beams that carry the roof load. The lintel is the most important member of the window frame because without it there would be no way to secure the sash. It provides support for the sash by covering the space below the window seat and between the floor and the bottom edge of the sash.
There are several types of lintels including flat, canted, and cranked. Flat lintels are the simplest type and they consist only of one beam that spans the entire width of the opening. These lintels are used where appearance is not important since they are easy to install. Flat lintels are usually made of wood but they can also be manufactured out of steel or aluminum.
Canted lintels have two beams that meet at a point about half-way up their height. This type of lintel is used when there is insufficient headroom to mount a flat lintel.