The Greek Acropolis The Acropolis is unquestionably Athens' most renowned structure. This pilgrimage site was built on top of a rocky outcrop overlooking Athens and dedicated to the goddess Athena, the ancient city's protector. Today, it is home to many monuments including the Parthenon, one of the world's greatest examples of Greek architecture.
The Propylaea, the two monumental entrance gates to the Acropolis, are also worth mentioning. They were built in the 5th century BC by Iktinos and Kallikrates. The gates feature ionic columns and elaborate sculptures representing the Panathenaic Festival, an important religious event that took place every five years in honor of Athena.
The Erechtheion, another monument on the Acropolis, is a fourth century B.C. temple to Athena Erechtheia (Athena with the Counterpart). It was designed by Mykonos and built with local limestone. The structure has been completely restored several times since its construction.
The Temple of Hephaestus is a fifth-century B.C. Doric temple that stands on the southern slope of the Acropolis. It was here that Hephaestus, the god of fire and metalworking, was said to have lived along with his wife Aphrodite and their children by Hermes.
In Greek, Acropolis means "high city." Most city-states in ancient Greece featured a rocky mound or hill in the center where they constructed significant temples and where the populace might escape if attacked. The most well-known acropolis is that of Athens. This temple was constructed in honor of the goddess Athena. Her image can still be seen today inside the Athenian National Museum.
The word "acropolis" comes from the Greek akros meaning "highest" and polis meaning "city." Thus, its complete name is "the highest city in Greece." Although Athens' Acropolis is the best known, other cities had their own unique architectural features. For example, the city of Sparta was surrounded by a wall with towers, which is how she protected herself from attack. Within this wall stood a sacred enclosure called the Ostrakon, which was used for military training and as a place of worship for the Spartans.
Outside the walls of cities, people tended to build in colonies. There were several reasons why cities formed colonies. One was protection; if an enemy army came near, the colonists would send food over the border or escape through one of the gates. The Greeks used stone for building and often needed more than one kind of rock in order to construct anything substantial. So, when they wanted to build a colony, they would search for suitable materials that were close at hand.
The Parthenon, one of the world's most famous structures, may be seen on the Athenian Acropolis. It was built at the end of the 5th century BC by Phidias. The sculpture gallery inside the building is regarded as one of the greatest achievements in art history.
The word means "high rock" in Greek. The Acropolis of Athens is such a rock citadel guarding the approaches to the city center from the south. It stands high above the town, which lies spread out below it. The Ancient Agora, an area of central Athens once occupied by buildings and monuments, forms its backdrop.
The origins of the term "acropolis" are not clear. One theory is that it derived from the Greek words akros, which means "highest", and piris, which means "rock". Another theory suggests that it comes from the Latin word accursius, which means "unexpected". Yet another theory claims that it comes from the Sanskrit word akrsa, which means "mountain".
The Acropolis of Athens is only part of what makes up the Athenian Acropolis. There is also a theater, now used for concerts, and behind it a line of other temples some of which are still intact.
Acropolis Temples and political structures were frequently constructed on top of a hill, or acropolis. The famed Parthenon of Athens is a surviving example of a building key to an ancient acropolis. The Parthenon was a temple erected to worship Athena, the goddess of wisdom. It was built by Phidias and finished in 447 BC. Today, it remains one of the most important cultural icons of Ancient Greece.
Other famous ancient acropoli include those at Delphi, Olympia, and Isthmia. The word "acropolis" comes from Greek akros meaning "highest" or "uppermost." In other words, an acropolis is a high city fortress.
In addition to serving as fortified cities, some ancient Greeks used their acropoleis for religious purposes. For example, the Athenian Acropolis is where the great temples were located. Also, the Spartans built a citadel on top of a hill, which they called the Akropolises. This area was used for religious rituals worshiping Apollo, who was the main god there. Today, many churches have been built on top of ancient Greek ruins.
Government buildings were also commonly constructed on top of a hill or acropolis. For example, the Temple of Zeus at Olympia was built around 1250 BC. It was a place where people went to pray for good weather when traveling or competing in athletic events.
The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient fortress perched on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens. It has the remnants of numerous ancient monuments of great architectural and historical value, the most renowned of which is the Parthenon. The name "acropolis" is a generic phrase, and there are several acropoleis throughout Greece. The word comes from the Greek ἀκροπόλις (arkópolis), meaning "rocky place". In modern usage, it refers to the fortified hilltop where an ancient citadel was located.
The Athenian Acropolis consists of a steep rock face cut by several large entrances that lead into caverns hewn out of the rock. Inside these caves were found many votive offerings dating back as early as 1400 B.C. During Classical Antiquity, the Acropolis was not only used as a fortress but also as a town hall and religious center. As well as housing temples to Athena Polias ("Athena the City"), it also contained a temple to Poseidon.
The other major buildings on the Acropolis are the Erechtheion, the Temple of Athena Nike, and the Propylaea.
In addition to these impressive structures, the grounds of the Acropolis contain many other ruins from different periods before and after Christ. They include the Odeon of Herodes Atticus, the Theatre of Dionysus, and the Tower of the Winds. Also on the Acropolis is the Monument of Lysicrates, which was originally built as a temple to the goddess Athene but later used for military purposes.
The modern name "Acropolis" comes from the Greek word akropolis, which means high rock. In fact, the whole area is dominated by large rocks that have been shaped over time into churches, temples, and even houses. One of the most notable examples is the Archaic temple of Apollo at Thera. Today it is only preserved as a mound of rubble with some columns standing among the stones.
The location of the Acropolis has changed over time due to earthquakes and other natural disasters. Originally, it was a flat area surrounded by walls made of stone and earth.