The Dutch Colonial style of residential architecture is distinguished by gambrel roofs with curving eaves that run the length of the home. Modern variations from the early twentieth century are more correctly known as "Dutch Colonial Revival," a subtype of the Colonial Revival style. The main feature that distinguishes Dutch Colonial from other types of colonial houses is the presence of decorative shingles on the roof.
During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the Dutch built many large trading houses in North America. After the American Revolution, many of these buildings were taken down and rebuilt farther inland, often near settlements of former Dutch colonists. These buildings were usually one- or two-story structures with gable roofs, painted white or gray. They had wooden shutters along the front and sometimes at the back, too. Inside, they were generally well-lit by oil lamps. On the ground floor, there might be a store with living quarters above it. There could also be offices or even classrooms.
In the 20th century, the Dutch Colonial style began to be used for homes. Usually, these are larger versions of the trading house, with several rooms on the first floor and perhaps an attic. Sometimes, a porch is included in the design of the house. It usually has plain wood posts and rails, with a flat roof supported by beams set into the walls themselves.
The Evolution of Dutch Colonial Houses Although these houses are referred to as Dutch colonial, the style originated in New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and Connecticut. The term comes from the fact that when the style was developed in the mid-1700s, these states were occupied by Dutch immigrants.
They are found everywhere from New York City to Cape Cod to the Bahamas. There are two types of Dutch colonial houses: the single house and the double house. Both have high ceilings and wide floor plans, but the double house has two stories while the single house only has one. In addition, the double house has separate rooms on each side of the central hallway, while the single house has only one room on one side. The difference between the two types is purely cosmetic; they have similar construction practices so don't matter which type you get.
What makes a Dutch colonial house special? First, it has excellent design qualities. The spacious rooms with high ceilings are ideal for entertaining guests. The double house has more room for guests since it can accommodate up to eight people while the single house can fit only five or six. Also, all the rooms are well-ventilated thanks to open windows, which is important since most were not insulated. Last, but not least, the houses were built with quality materials such as wood, stone, and plaster. They last forever if taken care of properly, which makes them worthy investments.
Colonial architecture is a mother country's architectural style that has been adopted into the buildings of settlements or colonies in remote regions. These colonies may be countries, but more often they are districts or states within a country. The style is characterized by large rooms with high ceilings, open floor plans, and simple decoration.
There are different schools of thought as to how closely the original colony style homes in North America resembled those built in Europe. Some scholars believe that they were copies of European buildings transported to the New World while others argue that certain features such as wide hallways and symmetrical floor plans were unique to American colonial architecture. Whatever the case may be, these new homes were very similar to each other and to the manors and country houses built for England's elite at the time.
The early colonists had much less access to wood than did their English predecessors so most colonial buildings were constructed from materials available in the region during the 1600s. Since many colonies were settled by individuals who came here to seek their own fortunes, many colonial buildings have a modest appearance. However, some colonies attracted immigrants from more affluent backgrounds so they too could enjoy the benefits of living in a house built using more expensive materials. These larger residences tend to have more elaborate design and construction techniques than those used by first generations of settlers.
The gambrel was not considered important to the Dutch Revival home until the early twentieth century. Many people consider the Dutch Revival house to be the ideal middle-class suburban residence. It's a clever design, with two storeys of living area neatly crammed into a one-story house. There are usually four rooms on the first floor and three on the second, with a center hall staircase leading up to the main entrance.
The Dutch Revival style came about because it was popular at that time. The gabled roof with overhanging eaves is characteristic of Dutch architecture. The emphasis in this style of home is on the horizontal line and the use of natural materials such as wood, clay, and brick. The interior features open staircases, wide-plank wooden floors, and simple furniture. A pantry or butler's pantry was often included in these homes.
Dutch colonial revival buildings were used as churches after they were built back in the 1820s. They were then used as schools, town halls, libraries, museums, and even hospitals before they were retired from public use in the 1960s. Today, many of these buildings can be found all across the United States.
There are also Dutch Colonial houses inside New York City. These were mostly built between 1710 and 1760 and feature similar characteristics to those found in towns and cities across the country.
The history of tranquil and attractive living places continues to this day, 400 years later. Dutch houses, with their large windows, fresh flowers, and elegant yet functional furnishings, often feel like warm cocoons, secure from the unpredictable weather outside. In the Netherlands, it never rains but it pours -- wind, water, and snow arrive with great frequency. But despite the adversity, people continue to build homes here, turning their faces toward the sun even as they lose many roofs over their heads.
The Netherlands has a population of 16 million people, most of whom live in an area no larger than Connecticut. This means that everyone knows someone who owns a house with a garage, because those are the only kinds that get built in the Netherlands. People also know someone who owns a vacation home, because those are very popular too. In fact, according to some studies, 90% of the Dutch would like to own a house on the beach or by the lake someday.
But perhaps what's most interesting about the Netherlands is not how much people want things, but rather how they go about getting them. The majority of houses have two stories and contain between 3,000 and 5,000 square feet of living space. They're sold with everything included: furniture, appliances, even dishes and clothes. Buyers pay a deposit and then make monthly payments over time with no mortgage at all!