French Colonial Architecture Characteristics They use a straightforward rectangular design. The second distinguishing aspect is that they typically have full porches and balconies, whether they are a whole home or a townhouse. The roof is often steep and sloping, hipped, and the windows are lofty. The third characteristic feature is the presence of large rooms with high ceilings.
There were three major periods in the history of French Colonial architecture: early colonial, late colonial, and neo-colonial. Early colonial buildings were constructed from 1604 to 1713 after France acquired several colonies in Africa and Asia. During this time, French architects were trying out new styles that would later be adopted in Europe. Most early colonial buildings are simple one-story structures with gabled roofs and wooden floors. There are no special features beyond what was needed to accommodate the colonists. For example, there are no indoor toilets so everyone must use a public restroom. Late colonial architecture began around 1750 when French settlers started building two-story houses for themselves. These buildings usually have flat roofs, wide porch openings, and wall surfaces made of stone or brick. Neo-colonial architecture developed after 1872 when France regained control of its African colonies. It uses similar materials and techniques as early colonial construction but on a larger scale. The biggest difference between neo-colonial and early colonial architecture is that neo-colonial buildings tend to be taller, with more elaborate designs.
High and steeply pitched hip roofs with flaring rafter tails; ornamental half-timber facades; and brick, stone, and/or stucco finishes are distinguishing elements. French residences are typically fashioned in symmetrical, asymmetrical, or "tower" styles. The most common forms are the pavilion, chalet, cottage, and hut. The French also developed a number of other architectural styles, such as the Gothic, Renaissance, and Classical.
In conclusion, French architecture is characterized by its use of symmetry, ornamentation, color, and detail. These elements come together to create houses that are elegant and appealing.
Large windows and the basic design of an American farmhouse are common features of French farmhouses. To give it a French flair, this design is paired with architectural elements like as sconces, painted brick, dormer windows, and fine landscaping. The choice of materials used to build the house influences its overall look; for example, wood is usually the preferred building material in Normandy while stone is popular in the Loire Valley.
French farmhouses typically have four rooms: a living room, a dining room, a kitchen, and a service or utility room. They may also have a fifth room which some designers call a "boudoir" or "study". A bedroom and a bathroom usually occupy the other half of the floor space. A family of four or five people would live in such a house. It would not be unusual for a farmer to have several of these houses on his property so he has one where he can entertain guests or have a private room for reading poetry over a glass of wine.
The living room is where you will find a fireplace, even if it's just a decorative one, and lots of books. If there is no fire, then there should be a beautiful abstract painting or photograph that adds style and color to the room. You should also have a stereo system playing somewhere in the house so you can listen to music without leaving your seat by the fire.
From the initial style, several new styles of colonial dwellings have emerged. As they erected homes in what became Louisiana, the French embraced the design. These houses have high roofs, raised brick foundations, and large porches. They are generally two stories with an attic room. The rooms open onto the porch or hall.
In addition to these traditional houses, the French also built small apartment-style buildings. These were one room with a kitchen area attached. There might be a bathroom across the hall or down the corridor. In larger cities, such as New Orleans, you will also find house designs that combine the traditional with the apartment-style building. These are called townhouses or quadras.
French architects also used this opportunity to showcase their creativity by designing unique houses. Some examples are: Le Notre's garden pavilion; the Louvre palace architect Pierre L'Enfant had been hired to plan; and the home of Marie Antoinette, which was designed by Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette's favorite architect, Jean Chalgrin.
These are just some of the many types of houses that have been built over time by different nations around the world. Each country has developed its own style of architecture, which is visible in its towns and cities.