Afghanistan-Housing The roofs are flat, with a strong coating of mixed straw and mud thrown over a horizontal pole ceiling, and in locations where timber is rare, separate mud-brick domes crown each chamber. In cities and towns, cement and other contemporary building materials are frequently employed.
There are an estimated 2 million households in Afghanistan with an average household size of 4.1 people. Approximately 30 percent of Afghans live in urban areas, and 70 percent in rural areas. Kabul is the largest city and also the capital of Afghanistan.
The cost of housing varies depending on location within the country but overall it is relatively cheap. Homes are made from clay or brick and usually have only one floor. They often have no electricity or running water either. When there is water available, it is polluted from street runoff so everyone drinks it instead. Housing conditions in Afghan cities are improving but there is still much work to be done.
Schools are required to provide meals during school days. Therefore, if a family cannot afford to buy food they will always be able to find someone willing to eat what little they have left over after spending money on rent or utilities. Families who can afford to do so often hire servants or workers as a way to reduce costs.
The lack of employment opportunities for young people leads to many migrating elsewhere in search of work.
The vast majority of Afghans live in traditional mud dwellings. The mud dwellings, as the name implies, are composed of mud. The dwellings are built using local materials and have no plumbing or sewer infrastructure. There are several types of mud buildings found throughout Afghanistan.
The turban is the most important part of any Afghan's clothing. Men wear it on their heads, and women wear it styles for different occasions. A turban can be worn by Muslims or non-Muslims, but only a Muslim may wear a skullcap.
A house in Afghanistan is called a kahani. It is made of mud or stone, has no roof and only one room. The only exception is the palace where the king lives, which is bigger and has many rooms.
There are also two-storey houses in Afghanistan. But they are used only by rich people. Most people live in one-floor houses because it's easy to build and doesn't cost much.
In Afghanistan, people usually own the land that they live on. So if someone wants to build a house, they first talk to the owner to see if they can have permission. If the owner says yes, then they work with a contractor to design the house and arrange for its construction. When the new house is ready, they move in.
Houses on the plains are often built with flat roofs. The roof is used for gathering rainwater and for protection from the sun. Houses on the plains usually have only one floor, although some newer homes will have two floors. The first floor is where the living room, kitchen, and other main rooms are located. The second floor is where the bedrooms are found.
There are three common types of houses on the plains: the dugout, the paneled, and the log cabin. The dugout house is the oldest type of house on the prairie. It is made by digging a hole for the house about 3 feet deep and 6 feet across. The hole is then lined with sticks and grass that provide support for the roof as it comes together. Once the roof is in place, the hole is filled in and the ground smoothed over so that it looks like an old piece of turf. The dugout house is very stable because there are no wood supports under the skin of the roof. This makes it easy to build up the walls of the house until they are high enough to make another floor.
The paneled house has the look of a dugout but it is not actually dug out of the ground.
Stupas (shrines or reliquaries) and monasteries of Greek and Buddhist origin, arches, monuments, elaborate Islamic minarets (the tall, thin towers atop mosques), temples, and forts may all be found in Afghanistan. The country has a rich history that dates back several thousand years.
Afghanistan is divided into 34 provinces and 1 capital district. Each province is subdivided into districts and villages. In total, there are about 9 million people living in Afghanistan, with more than half residing in urban areas. The majority of the population is Muslim (99%), with smaller numbers of Christians and Hindus.
Afghanistan is landlocked and lies between Asia and Europe. It shares borders with five countries: Pakistan to the west, Iran to the northeast, Turkmenistan to the southeast, Uzbekistan to the south, and China (Taiwan).
In order to travel through Afghanistan, you must have a valid passport and be covered by a valid visa. Certain areas of the country may not be accessible due to ongoing security issues. Please check with the Canadian Embassy in Kabul before you travel to Afghanistan.
In Pakistan, there are three types of houses: pukka houses, which are made of durable materials like stone, brick, cement, concrete, or timber; katchi (or kuchha "ramshackle") houses, which are made of less durable materials like mud, bamboo, reeds, or thatch; and semi-pukka houses, which are a mix of the two.
In recent years, there has been a rise in the number of steel house construction in Karachi. These houses are very expensive but last for many generations to come. They are often owned by foreign companies who send their employees to live in them after they get married so they have an offspring before moving onto another job.
There are also guesthouses, which are small hotels built around a courtyard. They provide basic accommodation for travelers on lower budgets than pukka houses.
Most people in Pakistan live in either a pukka house or a semi-pukka house. Only people who can afford it will live in a katchi house or a steel house.
Pakistan has a long history of building houses with wood, brick, and mud. With little access to metal tools, builders used what was available to them. As times changed, so did the way houses were constructed. By the 1980s, only 10% of households in Pakistan lived in pukka homes, while 90% lived in katchi or semi-pukka houses.
Arab communities have historically been made up of mud-brick-walled, mud-floored dwellings. Traditionally, they have been viewed as sanctuaries where family relationships are cultivated and individuals are isolated from strangers in the outside world. Town and city houses are frequently built on small streets. They include two or three stories with walls about four feet high. The roofs are usually made of tile or blackened palm leaves.
In the modern era, houses are now built with concrete and other materials used by other cultures. However, they still mostly follow the traditional design with some modifications needed for specific conditions such as hot climates or shallow groundwater. For example, most Gulf Arab houses do not have basements because it is believed that doing so would lead to evil spirits taking up residence in the house. Also, there are certain rituals families perform before they will allow a construction company into their home. These include cleaning the site with water and special herbs and praying at certain times during the process.
Modern houses tend to be larger than those of ancient times. One reason for this is that people need more room to live in. There's also evidence that shows that wealthy Arabs were starting to build with stone and wood instead of only mud brick.
House designs tend to follow a general pattern. There is an entrance on one side of the building with a large opening for visitors. From there, it is usually not more than five minutes' walk to the nearest public bathroom.