What is inside the Lincoln Memorial Building?

What is inside the Lincoln Memorial Building?

The inside of the Lincoln Memorial is separated into three rooms (north, south, and central). The rooms are separated by two rows of four Ionic columns. Look up at these 50-foot-tall columns. In the north and south side rooms, carved inscriptions of Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address and his Gettysburg Address may be found. In the center room, a large painting of Lincoln by American artist John Quincy Adams Ward is flanked on both sides by statues: one of Lincoln as president, the other of him as a young man.

This impressive memorial to Abraham Lincoln was designed by America's most famous sculptor, Daniel Chester French (1850–1931). French had many opportunities to create monuments for various cities across the country but he chose instead to live and work in Washington, D.C., where he could be close to the White House. The Lincoln Memorial was completed in 1922 after more than seven years of work. It was originally located near Union Square but was moved in 1939 to its present location on the National Mall.

French used classical elements in his design of the Lincoln Memorial. The Ionic order is an ancient Greek architectural style that originated around 515 B.C. It has six parts: base, shaft, drum, basket, capstone, and entablature. The Lincoln Memorial incorporates all six parts of this style of architecture.

Look closely at the carvings on the columns.

What are the chambers of the Lincoln Memorial?

The Lincoln Memorial's interior is separated into three rooms. The center room houses the president's monument, while the two flanking chambers honor two Lincoln speeches that highlighted Lincoln's character and hailed his achievements throughout his presidency.

The memorial was designed by architect Daniel Chester French (1850–1931). Its sculptor, Gutzon Borglum (1867–1932), was a New Yorker who traveled to Washington with no experience as an artist but who managed to win the commission for the project. The memorial was completed in 1922 after seven years of work and at a cost of $150,000 ($1.5 million in today's dollars).

Borglum took great care in choosing the subjects for the figures on the memorial. He wanted people to feel proud when they saw the statue of a man standing next to the statues of his generals. This was something new at the time; before this project, all previous monuments to presidents had included only soldiers.

In addition, Borglum wanted people to know that Lincoln led from the front during battle and was willing to make hard decisions even if it meant giving up some of his own ideas about how things should be done.

How many columns and steps are there at the Lincoln Memorial?

36 fluted Doric columns surround the memorial, one for each of the 36 states in the Union at the time of Lincoln's death. When you climb up the steps, you'll notice two more columns at the entryway behind the colonnade. These add up to 38, as did Lincoln's memorial when it was completed in 1872.

Lincoln's memorial is also known as the Lincoln Bell Tower because of its three stories and its resemblance to a church bell tower. The upper level is called the Lantern Gallery because it contains 72 small windows that let in lots of light. The middle level is called the Sanctuary by people who go inside it, but it's really just a big open space with more lights coming from above. On the bottom floor is an octagonal room called the Grotto where Lincoln's body was kept after he died. It has a marble altar with his tomb on one side and a stone bench on the other.

There are actually several different ways to count the number of steps on the Lincoln Memorial. Some people say it's 784 while others claim 998. But either way, it's a lot of steps!

The height of the Lincoln Memorial's entrance is about 33 feet above sea level. When you include the base of the column, it's about 39 feet tall.

About Article Author

Jason Wilson

Jason Wilson is an expert at building structures made of concrete. He has been working in the construction industry for over 20 years and knows the ins and outs of this type of building material. His love for building things led him from a career as a civil engineer into the building industry where he's been ever since.

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