The mosque on the left is known as Mehman Khana or "Jawab" (meaning "response"), the pendant to the mosque, probably utilized as a guesthouse or a gathering hall, although the role of the Jawab is unknown. It was built around 1588 by Shaikh Salim Chisti in response to a vow made by Emperor Akbar when he was recovering from an illness. The emperor had vowed that if he recovered, he would build a mosque to pray for him. The jawab is almost exactly identical to the design of the Taj Mahal, although it wasn't constructed until about 10 years after the death of its creator.
The location of this monument is about 20 kilometers south of Agra. To get here, take a train from New Delhi to Agra (30 minutes). Then take a bus (one hour) or hire a car (about $50) for exploration of this area.
Also see: To the left of the Taj Mahal.
The cenotaphs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal are located in the center. Shah Jahan's cenotaph is to the left and higher than his beloved's, which is directly under the dome. The cenotaph of Mumtaz Mahal lies in the center of the marble screen, and it is etched in Persian with Koranic passages. This shows that she was a pious woman.
The Taj Mahal was built as a mausoleum for the wife of its creator, Emperor Jahangir. It is the most beautiful monument in India. This world-famous tomb was built over the lifetime of one of India's most famous lovers poets: Khwaja Muinuddin Chisti. The building process began in 1632 and finished in 1653. It consists of white marble from Rajasthan and red sandstone from Uttar Pradesh. Inside there are many mirrors which reflect the sun light all day long, making the place look alive even though it is now deserted.
The question which body is higher has been debated by historians for years. In the end, they both have the same height because both of them were buried as a single body. But if you compare the weight of the bodies, then the emperor had more than his wife because he was also buried with jewels and other valuable things.
The Taj Mahal is a mosque-like structure and tomb constructed in the 17th century by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in remembrance of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The structure is located in the city of Agra, Uttar Pradesh. It is widely regarded as one of the most beautiful structures in the world, and it is one of India's most popular tourist destinations.
The building consists of white marble from Rajasthan with some black stone used for the interior walls and ceilings. It has 22 miles of well-maintained gardens when fully grown out. The total area of the garden is about 50 acres (20 hectares).
It was built over the lifetime of Shah Jahan's third son, Dara Shikoh, who was also made heir apparent to the throne after the death of their father. However, because of his different religious beliefs, he was imprisoned upon his return from the pilgrimage site of Mecca. He died while in captivity in 1657.
Shah Jahan ordered the construction of this monument after the death of his wife. He wanted another monument like Qutub Minar to remind him of her every day. But she died before its completion so it was completed by others under her supervision.
Taj Mahal means "Crown Jewel" in Hindi. It got its name from the crowns used during its construction.
The cenotaphs honoring Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan are housed inside the Taj Mahal in an eight-sided chamber decorated with pietra dura (semi-precious stone inlay) and a marble lattice screen. The beautiful monuments, however, are only for show: The actual sarcophagi are located in a quiet chamber below, at garden level. They are made of white alabaster and gold and contain fragments of the couple's bodies.
The underground chambers were added by Shah Jahan as a burial place for himself and his wife. He also had their bodies burned so that they could not be resurrected after death. The Taj Mahal was already a symbol of love and beauty when it was built, but now it has another meaning for everyone who visits it: sadness. Everyone knows what happened to the queen and king, so the monument was designed to remind them of their love even after they were gone.
There are several theories about the origin of the word "taj". Some say it comes from the Sanskrit word "danda", which means "shaft". This refers to the seven arched entrances on the facade of the building. Others say it comes from the Persian word "taJdi", which means "beautiful" or "excellent". Yet others claim it comes from the Hindi word "thakur", which means "lord" or "owner".
The real story behind the building of the Taj Mahal remains a secret that only the builders knew.
It is, in reality, the Taj-ul-Masjid in Bhopal, the capital of the state of Madhya Pradesh in central India. The mosque has a capacity of 175,000 people and an interior size of approximately 430,000 square feet. It is the largest mosque in Asia.
The masjid was built between 1672 and 1676 during the reign of Shah Jahan (1592-1666). It is constructed with red sandstone and marble from all over the world. The dome of the masjid reaches a height of 98 meters and it can accommodate up to five times as many people as the nearby Jamia Mosque.
The masjid's courtyard is divided into four parts by colonnades and has a water body in its center. This is known as the "maidan" and is usually filled with water for ritual purposes. There are two islands in the maidan connected by a small bridge. On one of these islands is a shrine to Ali Bhutto, the father of Pakistan's former prime minister.
There are three things that you must see in Bhopal: the Jama Masjid, the Bharat Ratan Tata Institute of Management, and the Gandhi Memorial Park. The last two are described in more detail below.