Notre Dame building materials The church was constructed primarily of limestone, wood, iron, and lead. The limestone was Lutetian Limestone, which was also utilized to construct the Chateau de Versailles. The wood used in the construction of Notre Dame came from all over Europe, especially France and Germany. Iron tools were used by the stone masons during construction. Lead was used for decorative purposes.
Notre Dame roof The roof of the nave is covered with a layer of copper, which covers another layer of wooden beams. The whole structure is covered with more than nine million nails!
Notre Dame walls It takes about 20 tons of steel to build one inch of wall reinforcement inside the church. The walls are about six feet thick and weigh nearly two million pounds!
Notre Dame ceiling The nave's vaulted ceiling is comprised of thin layers of wood that are held up by wooden beams. There are about 12,000 boards used in its construction!
Notre Dame floor The church's floor is made of oak wood planks. They're about two inches thick and can be seen in some places where they intersect with the nave's vaulting.
Notre Dame sculpture Inside the church, you will find many sculptures by famous artists.
"The physical and chemical qualities of the stone vary across the cathedral." The stone used to construct Notre-Dame came from subterranean quarries mined under Paris's fifth and twelfth arrondissements. It was transported to the site where it was worked on with iron tools at great risk of life and limb for those in need of employment.
Notre Dame was built between 1163 and 1250. The earliest parts of the church were constructed using wood, but this was replaced by stone when the city had enough money to afford it. The main part of the building was completed in 1252. The tower was not finished until 1345. The total cost of construction is estimated to have been around $140 million (130 million francs) in current values.
During the French Revolution, the monarchy was overthrown and the church abandoned for nearly two decades. When France had a new government and a new set of laws, they wanted symbols that people could understand. So representatives went to see what had been done with the cathedral and decided that it should be given back to the people who had lost their lives during the revolution. They asked that a new king be crowned in its place so that it could once again serve as a symbol of loyalty for anyone who might want to bow down to their ruler.
The cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris is a showpiece of French Gothic architecture. The cathedral's construction began in 1163, under the direction of Parisian bishop Maurice de Sully. The location of Notre Dame in the heart of Paris was chosen because it was the site of a previous Roman temple. Construction continued for nearly two centuries after its beginning, and the cathedral was finally completed in 1310.
When Maurice de Sully decided to build a new church on this site, there were already large pagan structures nearby that may have been used for religious purposes: the Temple of Jupiter (built c. 50 BC) and the Temple of Apollo (built c. 30 BC). So he had no choice other than to construct another temple like these ones. But instead of making copies of the ancient temples, he designed his own unique structure imbued with Christian beliefs.
In addition to being a place of worship, the newly constructed cathedral was intended to be a monument to God's power and wisdom. The cathedral's size (about 130 feet high, including the crowns of the spires) made it not only one of the largest churches in Europe but also one of the most impressive architectural works of the time. It was also meant to be an educational tool for future priests; the books inside the cathedral were written by de Sully himself.
The cathedral took nearly two centuries to complete because it was built in stages over several decades.
Notre-Dame de Paris, usually known as Notre-Dame Cathedral, is a Parisian cathedral church. It is the most well-known Gothic cathedral of the Middle Ages, notable for its size, history, and architectural importance. The cathedral is one of France's national monuments and has been described as the greatest monument of French architecture.
It was built between 1250 and 1448 over the site of a previous building dating from 1163. The original building was a simple chapel with no more than an altar and some windows. The current structure replaces this with five aisles and three naves, containing some of the most important artwork in France: tapestries, statues, and stained glass.
The location of the new cathedral was once occupied by several other churches including Saint-Denis, but they all succumbed to fire. The present building is the only remaining part of its former self. It is not known who designed the cathedral, but it is generally accepted that it was inspired by the great cathedrals of England and Germany. The financial resources available to the Parisians at that time did not allow for extensive use of concrete or steel in construction, so the cathedral is mostly made up of stone quarried on site and decorated with expensive materials such as ivory, gold, and gemstones.
Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris, France. Source: Wikipedia.
Notre-Dame de Paris is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Europe. The current building was constructed between 1250 and 1448 after the previous one was destroyed by fire. It has been described as the largest construction project ever undertaken with labor forces of up to 20,000 people.
The name "Notre-Dame" comes from an ancient tradition that says it was built by the King of Heaven himself. It is also called "the holy cathedral" or "the great cathedral".
Inside the cathedral, you will find many beautiful details like the stained glass windows or the carvings on the pillars. There are also several other famous monuments inside the cathedral such as the Tomb of the Unknown Knight or the Holy Stairs.
Outside the cathedral, there is a garden where you can see many plants that were grown specifically for the cathedral. You can also see the Statue of Saint Denis which dates back to 1615. He is the first Christian martyr whose body is said to have converted Constantine to Christianity.
Paris' Notre-Dame Cathedral
Notre-Dame de Paris French: [[email protected] dam [email protected] paRi] (listen); meaning "Our Lady of Paris" is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Ile de la Cite in Paris's 4th arrondissement. The cathedral, which was dedicated to the Virgin Mary, is regarded as one of the greatest specimens of French Gothic architecture. It was built between 1245 and 1448 by architects from France and England.
The site where the cathedral now stands was once part of an island within the River Seine, but it was connected to the mainland in 1524 by Henry VIII of England. In 1684, during the reign of Louis XIV, the island was enclosed with straight roads and gardens, forming what is now known as the Jardin des Plantes. The cathedral was severely damaged during the French Revolution in 1793 and again by German bombs in 1944. It was also nearly destroyed by fire in 1991. Today, its central tower still stands at 102 meters (335 feet), making it the highest point on the island.
Inside the cathedral are several magnificent sculptures by French artists. The most famous is the Virgin Mary sitting above the high altar, sculpted by Myronier in 1325. Also noteworthy are two other sculptures by Myronier: Mary Magdalene and John the Baptist, dating from 1340; and a group of angels playing musical instruments, dating from about 1350.