A pyramidion (plural: pyramidia) is the topmost section or capstone of a pyramid or obelisk in Egypt. Pyramidia was referred to as benbenet by speakers of the Ancient Egyptian language, and the pyramid as a whole was connected with the sacred benben stone. In modern Egypt, the term "topknot" is used interchangeably with pyramidion.
The pyramidion is usually made of white granite, but alabaster and other materials have been used instead. The ancient Egyptians believed that the benben rock, which forms part of the pyramid's base, gave birth to itself every thousand years, forming a circle of life for its owner. As such, they associated it with Osiris, who was said to have been born from his father's body in a chest made of benben rocks.
Osiris was also believed to have risen like a phoenix from his own ashes after he was killed by his brother Seth. The Egyptians then created new pyramids to mark this important day in their calendar; hence the phrase "born on a Friday, died on a Monday".
The pharaohs were always depicted wearing a crown made of two branches of papyrus intertwined with each other and attached to a headpiece made of gold or silver. On their heads they wore a kind of turban called a piâton. Around their necks they wore strings of beads made of glass, amber, or limestone.
A pyramid's base can be a triangle, a square, a rectangle, or any form with more sides. A triangle is formed by each side of a pyramid (the base edge and the apex). The Egyptian pyramids may have been inspired by a holy, pointed stone known as the ben-ben. This was apparently used by the Egyptians to mark sacred places - perhaps including the beginning of their lands. It could have served as a guide for them to build pyramids on these sites!
In addition to being a holy symbol, the ben-ben was also used as a tool by the ancient Egyptians. They would carve it into other objects like tools and weapons. Because of this, some believe that the pyramids were built by hidden priests who knew the purpose of the structures but weren't allowed to reveal this knowledge publicly because it would have made the ben-ben even more important than it already was.
The truth will probably never be known about how the pyramids were built, but we do know that they required a large amount of time and effort to construct. We also know that the Egyptians believed that pyramids had magical powers, so maybe they guided people toward the light by pointing the direction of the apex? Either way, interesting fact about the base of an Egyptian pyramid!
The capstone, sometimes known as the "pyramidion," is the apex of the finished pyramid. It was employed to complete the pyramid's appearance by generating a crisp and polished mathematical form. The capstone was usually made of granite or some other hard material.
Modern scholars believe that kings ordered the construction of pyramids as memorials and sources of income for the kingdom. They also used the money earned from the sale of excess rock removed during the construction process. The Egyptians believed that new life would be given to deceased loved ones if these bodies were placed inside the pyramid. In this way, the pharaohs hoped to gain eternal life themselves.
It is this belief that caused ancient people to build such enormous structures. Each new king wanted to outdo his predecessor and construct a pyramid more magnificent than the last. As you can imagine, this led to many decades, if not centuries, of building projects.
Pyramidion. A very small pyramid.
A pyramid is a three-dimensional shape with a bottom side, known as the pyramid's base, and triangle sides, known as the pyramid's faces, that meet at a point above the base, known as the pyramid's apex. The term "pyramid" comes from Greek πύρινον (pyranon), meaning "fire", because of the ancient myth that Prometheus stole fire from the gods to give it to humans.
The base of a pyramid is a flat surface that covers the ground completely. The base must be large enough for people to walk around or drive vehicles over it. The height of a pyramid is its maximum dimension; the length of a side of a square pyramid. The area of a pyramid's base is equal to one-quarter of its volume.
The term "pyramid" is also used for any structure consisting of multiple layers built up gradually, as in an Egyptian pyramid temple. Such structures are usually but not always made of stone or concrete.
In mathematics, a pyramid is a solid whose base and sides are both congruent and parallel. Thus, a pyramid has two pairs of identical edges and angles, and it can be constructed by starting with a square box and adding layer after layer, until the desired height is reached.