An Open-Standard System Architectural (OSSA) is an architecture development strategy that uses open standards to lower the cost and risk of weapon system ownership, postpone system obsolescence, and allow for faster capabilities fielding. Open standards enable anyone with access to the Internet to read about, download, and modify the software code that controls a given device. This openness allows manufacturers to produce many different products using the same basic design without having to develop or license new hardware or software for each model.
Open standards have become increasingly important as military budgets are cut back and technology makes it easier and cheaper to copy weapons systems. For example, one report estimated that it would take $150 million to $500 million in research and development costs to create a fully functional clone of the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor fighter jet. The report also said that cloning the plane using open source software could be done by a small team of hacker types for around $70,000.
The benefits of open standards go beyond just reducing costs. They also help ensure interoperability between different equipment systems from different vendors. If one company decides not to support certain open standards, they can be replaced by others that do.
Open standards were first developed by the Open Source Initiative in 1996. Since then, they've become widely used in both civilian and military technology.
An open architecture is a technology infrastructure having open, rather than proprietary, standards. This comprises both officially sanctioned standards and privately developed architecture whose specifications are made public by their designers. An open architecture allows third parties to develop products that use the same or similar technologies as those of the initial product.
The word "open" in this context means that other companies can produce compatible products without restriction. The term "architecture" refers to the way in which components are interconnected on a circuit board or within a device. An open architecture allows for flexibility in system design because certain components can be replaced without affecting the operation of the whole device. For example, if Intel releases a new microprocessor technology, it could create a need for software that is also written to use this new technology. An open architecture would allow such software to be written by others and used with existing devices using older processor technologies.
Open architectures are commonly used in consumer electronics products. An example is the open source Linux operating system, which is widely used in desktop computers because users can modify and improve it.
In business applications, open architecture systems are used when vendor lock-in isn't desired or needed. For example, an organization may want to purchase a product that will meet its computing needs for several years after the sale.
"Open Standards" are public standards that are established (or authorized) and maintained through a collaborative and consensus-driven approach. "Open Standards" are intended for general adoption since they promote interoperability and data interchange across various goods or services. The term is most commonly associated with computer technologies, but it also applies to other types of standards.
The phrase was coined by Tim O'Reilly in 1997. It was first used in reference to the Open Document Format (ODF), an open standard developed by Sun Microsystems for representing digital documents. The idea behind this format is to allow users to view different document files on different computers, without requiring them to install proprietary software applications. This can be useful when working between offices with different operating systems or even if you need to read certain documents on a mobile device. ODF has been adopted as a standard by the Office Open XML consortium, which includes Microsoft.
Since then, the term "open standard" has become common in discussions about the Internet and online services. Some companies claim that their products are based on open standards, even though they may use proprietary technology under the hood. For example, Google's Chrome web browser is based on open source software called WebKit, but Google claims that Chrome is the first major web browser to adopt an open platform for creating websites.
The concept of open standards has also been applied to technological standards.
What exactly is an open system? An open system is one that shares input with its external environment on a regular basis. Of course, because open systems are systems, inputs, processes, outputs, goals, assessment and evaluation, and learning are all vital. The following are crucial aspects of open systems:
• They are accessible to outside elements. An open system allows other people to touch it, see it, use it, etc. In fact, most real-world systems are open systems because they can't be completely sealed off from their surroundings. Electricity, for example, must flow into a house or building in order to function properly; water must drain away from houses and buildings in order to prevent damage.
• They provide access to their internal components and processes. An open system provides direct access to its parts - including controls, sensors, and actuators - so that they can be monitored and modified if necessary. For example, a car is not considered open because the interior is not visible or accessible from the outside. Rather, it is closed off so that it does not interfere with its ability to transport passengers from A to B.
• They accept input from their environment. An open system accepts information from its surroundings and uses this data to guide its actions. For example, when you drive down a road, you are providing input to the system that guides the car forward by sensing objects in its path.
An "open architecture" refers to a financial institution's capacity to provide proprietary as well as external products and services to clients. The term "open architecture" refers to a consumer's ability to satisfy all of their financial demands, as well as the investment firm's ability to operate in the best interests of each customer. Open architecture allows for competition to develop better products and services that meet the needs of consumers. It also helps prevent one client from having too much control over the bank or brokerage firm.
In short, an open architecture system allows for multiple providers of different types of products and services to compete on an equal basis for your business. It ensures that no single provider has an unfair advantage over others. And it gives you as a consumer the opportunity to choose which company you believe will best serve your needs.
Competing providers in an open architecture system will have similar incentives to offer competitive prices and quality services. This means that you won't be forced to pay more for one product or service if another provider can offer it at a lower price. Nor will you get stuck with a provider that doesn't deliver on its promises.
In addition, open architecture systems allow for new providers to enter the market without changing the nature of the existing relationships between customers and institutions. So if you want to change banks but don't want to break your current relationship with your current institution, an open architecture system allows you to do this without affecting what other companies can offer.